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54th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 54th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars.

54th Brigade
54th Infantry Brigade
54th (East Anglia) Brigade
British 18th (Eastern) Division insignia.png
18th Division insignia, World War I
Active1914-1919
1939-1942
1980-1995
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
SizeBrigade
Part of18th (Eastern) Division
18th Infantry Division
Garrison/HQPrince William of Gloucester Barracks, Grantham
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Sir William Heneker

Contents

First World WarEdit

 
A platoon of 'D' Company of the 7th (Service) Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment passing through a French village on its way to the line, sometime in 1916. The officer at the head of his platoon is Lieutenant Douglas Keep, who was killed in action the following year.

The brigade was originally raised in September 1914, as the 54th Brigade, in the First World War as part of Kitchener's New Armies and joined the 18th (Eastern) Division, serving with it throughout the war mainly on the Western Front from 1915 to 1918.

Order of battleEdit

The 54th Brigade was constituted as follows during the war: [1]

Second World WarEdit

The brigade was disbanded in 1919 after the war. Reformed in 1939 in the Territorial Army (TA) as the 54th Infantry Brigade, it was part of the 18th Infantry Division. The brigade spent the early years of World War II in the United Kingdom on home defence and training duties, anticipating a German invasion. With the rest of the division, the brigade was sent to Singapore, under the command of Brigadier Edward Backhouse, in 1942 and, after the Battle of Singapore against the Imperial Japanese Army, surrendered along with the rest of the Singapore garrison. They became prisoners of the Japanese for the next three years in harsh and degrading treatment.

Order of battleEdit

The 54th Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[2]

PostwarEdit

In the 1980s, the 54th Brigade was again active as 54th (East Anglia) Brigade, a Territorial Army regional brigade in the United Kingdom.[3]

Structure in 1989:

It was amalgamated with 49 Brigade and thus disbanded in 1995.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "18th (Eastern) Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
  2. ^ "United States Army Command and General Staff College" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ David Isby and Charles Kamps Jr., Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985
  4. ^ "49 Brigade: History". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 15 August 2015.

External linksEdit