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5160 Camoes, provisional designation 1979 YO, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter. The asteroid was discovered on 23 December 1979, by Belgian astronomer Henri Debehogne and Brazilian astronomer Edgar Netto at ESO's La Silla Observatory in northern Chile.[5] It was later named for Portuguese poet Luís de Camões.[2]

5160 Camoes
Discovery [1]
Discovered byH. Debehogne
E. R. Netto
Discovery siteESOLa Silla Obs.
Discovery date23 December 1979
MPC designation(5160) Camoes
Named after
Luís de Camões
(Portuguese poet)[2]
1979 YO · 1988 BB3
main-belt · (inner)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc37.22 yr (13,593 days)
Aphelion2.5715 AU
Perihelion2.2316 AU
2.4016 AU
3.72 yr (1,359 days)
0° 15m 53.28s / day
Physical characteristics
9±3 km (calculated)[4]


Orbit and classificationEdit

Camoes orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.2–2.6 AU once every 3 years and 9 months (1,359 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.07 and an inclination of 8° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The asteroid's observation arc starts in 1979, as no precoveries were taken and no identifications were made prior to its discovery.[5]

Physical characteristicsEdit

Based on an absolute magnitude of 13.3 and assuming a generic albedo over the range of 0.05 to 0.25, Camoes measures between 6 and 12 kilometers in diameter.[4]

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Camoes measures 6.0 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.259.[3] As of 2016, the asteroid's composition, rotation period and shape remain unknown.


This minor planet was named after Portugal's and the Portuguese language's greatest poet, Luís de Camões (1524–1580). His epic Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads), a fantastical interpretation of the Portuguese voyages of discovery during the 15th and 16th centuries, shows an extraordinary knowledge of astronomy.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 6 February 1993 (M.P.C. 21610).[6]


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 5160 Camoes (1979 YO)" (2017-03-11 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(5160) Camoes". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (5160) Camoes. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 444. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_5010. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Absolute Magnitude (H)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  5. ^ a b "5160 Camoes (1979 YO)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  6. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 28 May 2016.

External linksEdit