31st Brigade (France)

The 31st Brigade (French: 31e Brigade) was a French Army and French Foreign Legion combined arms brigade created in 1981 whose components were all reassigned in 1984.

31st Brigade
31e Brigade
Écusson de la 31e brigade.jpg
Insignia of the 31st Brigade featuring
Poseidon
Active1 July 1981 – 28 June 1984
CountryFrance
BranchFlag of legion.svg French Foreign Legion
French Army
TypeSpecialized Armoured Brigade
Part ofForeign Legion Groupment
Garrison/HQBonifacio, Nîmes, Aubagne, Orange, Fréjus
Motto(s)Honneur et Fidélité
ColorsGreen and Red
Red and Blue
Engagements31st Brigade

Lebanese Civil War

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Général de brigade Paul Lardry
(1981–1982)
Général de brigade Jean-Claude Coullon[1]
(1982–1984)

On July 1, 1981, the Chief of Staff of the French Army enacted the creation of an inter-arm brigade placed under the orders and command of the Foreign Legion Groupment (G.L.E), headed by générals[2] Paul Lardry and Jean-Claude Coullon.[3]

OrganizationEdit

The structure of the 31st Brigade consisted of :

The brigade benefitted from the support of AMX-30 tank squadrons of the 501e Régiment de chars de combat, (501e R.C.C). The brigade could be reinforced more particularly by the 1st Foreign Cavalry Regiment (1er REC), as well as the 1st Foreign Regiment, and AMX 10 RC squadrons of the 21st Marine Infantry Regiment.

The headquarter staff of the brigade was stationed in Aubagne. The brigade's main mission was peacekeeping operations in Lebanon in 1983 within the Multinational Force in Lebanon. Some of the regiments included the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment (3e RPIMa), the 8th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment (8e RPIMa), the 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment (1er RPH), the 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment (35e RAP) and the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment (17e RGP), already active in UNIFIL ground operations since 1978.

Général de brigade Jean-Claude Coullon was also in charge of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment (2e REP) in 1982, through the putting-in-place of Operation Épaulard I spearheaded by lieutenant-colonel Bernard Janvier. Général Coullon led and witnessed the transformation of the Foreign Legion Groupment (G.L.E.) to the Foreign Legion Command (C.O.M.L.E) in 1984.[4] He also headed simultaneously the transitional command of the newly established Foreign Legion Command.[5]

From May to September 1983, the 31st Brigade intervened in Lebanon as part of the Multinational Force in Lebanon.

The 31st Brigade was replaced by the 6th Light Armoured Division on June 28, 1984.

TraditionsEdit

InsigniasEdit

The insignia of the 31st Brigade is a silver rectangle, bordered to the left by green and red stripes, representing the Legion and bordered to the right by red and blue stripes, representing the Troupes de marine. The top right features two stars representing the brigade. At the bottom left features Poseidon armed with a trident, forming out of a silver wave, recalling the intervention capacity capability of the brigade in any lieu, by maritime including aeronaval, aerial, or other maritime means of displacement. The insignia was realized on July 1981, following a contest at the corps units forming the brigade.

Brigade commanderEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  2. ^ [2] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  3. ^ [3] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  4. ^ [4] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  5. ^ [5] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  6. ^ [6] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  7. ^ [7] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE