307 Nike

Nike (minor planet designation: 307 Nike) is a sizeable asteroid of the asteroid belt. It was discovered by Auguste Charlois on 5 March 1891 while working at the Nice Observatory. Charlois named it after the Greek goddess of victory, as well as the Greek name for the city where it was discovered.[4] Measurement of the light curve of this asteroid in 2000 indicates a rotation period of 7.902 ± 0.005 hours.[3]

307 Nike
Discovery
Discovered byAuguste Charlois
Discovery siteNice
Discovery date5 March 1891
Designations
(307) Nike
Pronunciation/ˈnk/[1]
Named after
Nike
1957 LM
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc125.12 yr (45699 d)
Aphelion3.3226 AU (497.05 Gm)
Perihelion2.4899 AU (372.48 Gm)
2.9063 AU (434.78 Gm)
Eccentricity0.14327
4.95 yr (1809.7 d)
170.550°
0° 11m 56.148s / day
Inclination6.1260°
100.966°
324.764°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions54.96±3.3 km
7.902 h (0.3293 d)[2]
7.902 ± 0.005 h[3]
0.0524±0.007
C
10.12

On 2 December 1972, Pioneer 10 made one of its nearest passages of an asteroid when it passed 307 Nike at a distance of about 8.8 million kilometers (0.059 AU) during the spacecraft's pioneering trip through the asteroid belt. No data was collected.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nike". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ a b "307 Nike". JPL Small-Body Database. NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b Lazar, S.; Lazar, P., III; Cooney, W.; Wefel, K. (June 2001). "Lightcurves and Rotation Periods for Minor Planets (305) Gordonia (307) Nike, (337) Devosa, and (352) Gisela". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 28: 32–34. Bibcode:2001MPBu...28...32L.
  4. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of minor planet names. Physics and astronomy online library. 1 (5th ed.). Springer. p. 41. ISBN 3-540-00238-3.
  5. ^ Fimmel, Richard O.; van Allen, James; Burgess, Eric (1980). Pioneer: first to Jupiter, Saturn, and beyond. Washington D.C., USA: NASA Scientific and Technical Information Office.

External linksEdit