3-Pentanol is one of the eight isomers of amyl alcohol. It is found naturally and has a role as a pheromone.[2]

3-Pentanol[1]
Skeletal formula of 3-pentanol
Ball-and-stick model of the 3-pentanol molecule
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Pentan-3-ol
Other names
3-Pentanol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.008.662 Edit this at Wikidata
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C5H12O/c1-3-5(6)4-2/h5-6H,3-4H2,1-2H3 checkY
    Key: AQIXEPGDORPWBJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C5H12O/c1-3-5(6)4-2/h5-6H,3-4H2,1-2H3
    Key: AQIXEPGDORPWBJ-UHFFFAOYAU
  • OC(CC)CC
Properties
C5H12O
Molar mass 88.148 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.815 g/ml
Melting point −63.68 °C (−82.62 °F; 209.47 K)
Boiling point 115.3 °C (239.5 °F; 388.4 K)
59 g/L
Solubility soluble in acetone, benzene; very soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether
Vapor pressure 1.10 kPa
Thermochemistry
2.719 J·g−1·K−1
-368.9 kJ·mol−1 (liquid)
-314.9 kJ·mol−1 (gas)
Hazards
Flash point 41 °C (106 °F; 314 K)
435 °C (815 °F; 708 K)
Explosive limits 1.2 – 9%
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, pp. 3–454, 5–42, 8–102, 15–23, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2
  2. ^ PubChem. "3-Pentanol". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-25.