2nd Manchurian Army

The 2nd Manchurian Army (Russian: 2-й Маньчжурская армия / 2 МА) was a field army of the Russian Empire that was established in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War, to operate in Manchuria against Japan. It was one of the three such armies that were created and was disbanded in September 1905 after the end of the War.

2nd Manchurian Army
Emblem of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Empire.svg
ActiveSeptember 1904 – September 1905
Country Russian Empire
EngagementsRusso-Japanese War
Battle of Mukden
Battle of Sandepu
See list


After the lost Battle of Liaoyang, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia decided to disband the "Manchurian Army" , that encompassed all units of the Russian Imperial Army formations operating in the region against the Imperial Japanese Army under just one commander, and split it up in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Manchurian Armies.[1]

The 2nd Manchurian Army was created in September 1904 under command of Lieutenant general Oskar Gripenberg. It counted 120 battalions, 79 squadrons, 439 guns, and a total of 81,799 men.[2] On February 12, 1905, General Alexander von Kaulbars took over command of the army. It participated in the Battle of Shaho, Battle of Sandepu and Battle of Mukden.

After the end of the War, the 2nd Manchurian Army was disbanded in September 1905.[3]

Order of battleEdit

The 2nd Manchurian Army consisted of the following units :[4]


The formation was commanded by :[1]


  1. ^ a b Kowner (2009), pp. 220–221
  2. ^ ru:Мукденское сражение (Military units of the Russian Empire)
  3. ^ Kowner, S. 220
  4. ^ Russian Army of Manchuria. US Army Combined Arms Center.


  • Kowner, Rotem (2009). The A to Z of the Russo-Japanese War. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810868415.