2nd Council of the Northwest Territories
The 2nd Council of the Northwest Territories, known formally as the Council of the Northwest Territories, was the governing body of Canada's Northwest Territories from 1905 to 1951. In 1905 when Alberta and Saskatchewan were carved out the Northwest Territories, there were too few enfranchised voters in the remaining area of the Territories to justify responsible government. The Northwest Territories reverted to 1870 constitutional status. Political parties and the position of Lieutenant Governor was abolished. The government came under the direct control of Ottawa.
Council of the Northwest Territories
|Seats||5 at dissolution|
|Appointments from 1921 to 1951|
|Various communities and Ottawa|
In 1905 Frederick D. White was appointed the first commissioner of the Northwest Territories by Sir Wilfrid Laurier to oversee a four-man appointed council. No council was appointed until 1921, but provisions existed in law for four council seats. The Northwest Territories was instead run by the Department of Mines and Resources Canada and no legislation under territorial jurisdiction was passed or updated in this period.
In 1921 a deputy commissioner position was created and the 1st session of the council was convened in Ottawa. The first act of the council was to increase the number of members to six. The deputy commissioner position and a seat on the council was automatically given to the Director of Mines and Resources. All legislation during this council was created with the advice and guidance of the director. In essence the director was a de facto government leader, and held more power than the commissioner.
In 1939 a special administration district was created. This district was a hybrid between an electoral district and a Senate division. It was not until 1947 when John G. McNiven would be appointed to represent the district. McNiven would also be the first person living in the Northwest Territories since 1905 and the first person from the Arctic to sit on the council.
All other members of the council were from outside of the territories, and usually civil servants residing in Ottawa. This period of Northwest Territories history is generally regarded by the people of the Northwest Territories as a time of great neglect. The council during this period never had any sessions in the Territories, but members did travel occasionally to consult with municipal governments.
Commissioners during the 2nd CouncilEdit
|Member||Year Appointed||Year Served|
|Frederick D. White||1905||1919|
|William Wallace Cory||1919||1931|
|Hugh H. Rowatt||1931||1934|
|Hugh Andrew Young1||1950||1951|
Note: 1Hugh Young continued to serve as commissioner after the sixth general election
Deputy commissioners during the 2nd CouncilEdit
|Member||Year Appointed||Year Served|
|Roy Gibson||April 20, 1921||1950|
Note: 1Frank Cunningham continued to serve as deputy commissioner after the sixth general election.
Deputy Commissioners also counted as regular members of the Northwest Territories council.
Members of the 2nd CouncilEdit
|John Wesley Greenway||April 20, 1921||April 24, 1928||Died in office|
|Aylesworth Perry||April 20, 1921||April 1, 1922|
|Duncan Campbell Scott||1929||Appointed to replace John Greenway|
|Hugh Howard Rowatt|
|Oswald Sterling Finnie|
|Austin Cumming||1940?||1947||At large|
|Kenneth Daly||1940?||1947||At large|
|Harold McGill||1940||1947||At large|
|Stuart Wood||April 1938||1951||At large|
|Oscar D. Skelton||April 8, 1938||January 28, 1941||At large|
|Hugh Keenleyside||1941||1947||At large|
|Robert Hoey||1946||1947||At Large|
|John G. McNiven||1947||1951||Appointed to represent Yellowknife|
|Harold Godwin||1947||1951||At Large|
|Louis Audette||1947||1951||At Large|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2008)
- Members during this period were appointed until the dissolution of the council in 1951, and vacancy only occurred on resignation or death.