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The 28th Indian Brigade[a] was an infantry brigade of the British Indian Army that saw active service with the Indian Army during the First World War. Formed in October 1914, it defended the Suez Canal in early 1915, ended the Ottoman threat to Aden in July 1915, took part in the Mesopotamian Campaign in 1916 and 1917, before finishing the war in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. It remained in Palestine until it was broken up in 1920.

28th Indian Brigade
Active19 October 1914 – February 1920
Country British India
AllegianceBritish Crown
Branch British Indian Army
TypeInfantry
SizeBrigade
Part of10th Indian Division
7th (Meerut) Division
EngagementsFirst World War
Sinai and Palestine Campaign
Actions on the Suez Canal
Battle of Sharon
South Arabia
Mesopotamian Campaign
Battle of Sheikh Sa'ad
Battle of Wadi (1916)
Battle of Hanna
Second Battle of Kut
Fall of Baghdad (1917)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Maj.-Gen. G.J. Younghusband
Maj.-Gen. G.V. Kemball

HistoryEdit

Egypt and Aden

The 28th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914 as part of Indian Expeditionary Force F (along with the 29th and 30th Indian Brigades) and sent to Egypt.[2]

After arriving in Egypt, it joined the 10th Indian Division when it was formed on 24 December. It served on the Suez Canal Defences, notably taking part in the Actions on the Suez Canal on 3–4 February 1915.[3] In July 1915, the brigade was detached to Aden with 1/B Battery, HAC and 1/1st Berkshire Battery, RHA. They fought a sharp action at Sheikh Othman on 20 July that removed the Turkish threat to Aden for the rest of the war,[4] before returning to Egypt in September. In November 1915, the brigade left the division and moved to Mesopotamia.[5]

Mesopotamia

The brigade joined the 7th (Meerut) Division in December 1915 and, other than a short attachment to the 3rd (Lahore) Division (16 January 1916 to the end of the month),[6] remained with the division for the rest of the war.[7]

Initially, the division and brigade were heavily involved in the (ultimately futile) attempts to relieve the 6th (Poona) Division besieged at Kut, including the Action of Shaikh Saad (6–8 January 1916), the Action of the Wadi (13 January), the First action on the Hanna (21 January), and the First, Second and Third attacks on Sannaiyat (6, 9 and 22 April).[8] The 6th (Poona) Division surrendered on 29 April 1916.[9]

In 1917, the brigade took part in the Second Battle of Kut including the Capture of Sannaiyat (17–24 February) and the following advance to Baghdad including the Operations on the Tigris right bank (9–10 March), and the Occupation of Baghdad (11 March). The brigade then advanced to Samarra including the Actions of Mushahida (14 March), the Action of Istabulat (21–22 April) and the Occupation of Samarra (24 April). The brigade's final action in Mesopotamia was the Action of Daur (2 November).[10]

Sinai and Palestine

In December 1917, it was decided to transfer a division to Egypt and the 7th (Meerut) Division was selected. It arrived in January 1918, and on 1 April took over the line from 52nd (Lowland) Division (transferred to the Western Front).[11] The brigade remained in Palestine for the rest of the war, taking part in the Battles of Megiddo (18 September – 31 October 1918), in particular the Battle of Sharon.[10]

After the Armistice of Mudros, the brigade remained with the division as part of the occupation of Palestine until broken up in February 1920.[10]

Order of battleEdit

The brigade had the following composition during the First World War:[12][13]

CommandersEdit

The brigade had the following commanders:[15][7]

From Rank Name
19 October 1914 Major-General G.J. Younghusband
23 December 1915 Major-General G.V. Kemball
7 April 1916 Brigadier-General A.M.S. Elsmie
6 July 1916 Brigadier-General C.H. Davies

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The brigade is sometimes referred to as the 28th (Frontier Force) Brigade due to its composition of Frontier Force regiments.[1]
  2. ^ The Provisional Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was formed from drafts[14] of the 1st Battalion, OBLI besieged at Kut with the 6th (Poona) Division.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Frontier Force Regiment". Official website. Pakistan Army. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  2. ^ Perry 1993, p. 172
  3. ^ Perry 1993, p. 118
  4. ^ Farndale 1988, p. 357
  5. ^ Perry 1993, p. 117
  6. ^ Perry 1993, p. 49
  7. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 84
  8. ^ Perry 1993, p. 89
  9. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 76
  10. ^ a b c Perry 1993, p. 90
  11. ^ Becke 1936, p. 115
  12. ^ Perry 1993, p. 116
  13. ^ Perry 1993, pp. 86–87
  14. ^ Perry 1993, p. 88
  15. ^ Perry 1993, p. 115

BibliographyEdit

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1936). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2A. The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42–56). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-12-4.
  • Farndale, General Sir Martin (1988). The Forgotten Fronts and the Home Base, 1914–18. History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 1-870114-05-1.
  • Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X.

External linksEdit