28 cm SK C/34 naval gun
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The German 28 cm SK C/34[Note 1] naval gun was a 283 mm 54.5-caliber built-up gun designed in 1934 used on the Scharnhorst-class battleship and for the planned Landkreuzer P. 1000 Ratte super-heavy tank.
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Wars||World War II|
|Mass||53,250 kg (117,400 lb)|
|Length||15.4 m (51 ft) 54.5 Caliber|
|Barrel length||14.5 m (48 ft) (bore length)|
|Shell||Separate-loading, bagged charge|
|Caliber||283 mm (11.1 in)|
|Elevation||–8° to +40°|
|Muzzle velocity||890 m/s (2,900 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||40,930 m (44,760 yd) at 40°|
The 283 mm SK C/34 gun was relatively fast loading, compared with other armament of this size. It could deliver a shot every 17 seconds. The ballistic properties of the guns made them effective against the new French Dunkerque class, which had an armored belt 225–283 mm, barbettes of 310–340 mm, at standard fighting distances.
When Gneisenau's turrets were removed for re-arming and upgunning to 38 cm in 1942-43, her guns were redeployed for coast defence at Fjell festning ´(11.MAA 504) in Sotra, Norway (Bruno turret), at Batterie Oerlandat (4.MAA 507) in Austrått, Norway (Cesar turret), and guns from Anton turret were installed at Battery Rozenburg in the Netherlands.
|Distance||0||7,900 m (8,600 yd)||15,100 m (16,500 yd)||18,288 m (20,000 yd)||27,432 m (30,000 yd)|
|Shell hitting angle[deg]||0||4.4||10.3||15.2||30.2|
|Shell velocity at target||890 m/s (2,900 ft/s)||693 m/s (2,270 ft/s)||552 m/s (1,810 ft/s)||496 m/s (1,630 ft/s)||420 m/s (1,400 ft/s)|
|Side armor belt penetration||604 mm (23.8 in)||460 mm (18 in)||335 mm (13.2 in)||291 mm (11.5 in)||205 mm (8.1 in)|
|Deck armor penetration||-||19 mm (0.75 in)||41 mm (1.6 in)||48 mm (1.9 in)||76 mm (3.0 in)|
Characteristics of SK C/28 and SK C/34 283 mm shells:
|Gun type||Shell type||Length (calibers)||Total weight|
|SK C/28||Armor-piercing||3.7||300 kg (660 lb)|
|Semi-armor-piercing||4.2||300 kg (660 lb)|
|Igniting||4.2||300 kg (660 lb)|
|SK C/34||Armor-piercing||4.4||336 kg (741 lb)|
|Semi-armorpiercing||4.4||316 kg (697 lb)|
|Igniting||4.5||315 kg (694 lb)|
- Gneisenau's Cäsar turret with its 3 guns survives at Austrått fort, Ørlandet, Norway
- Parts of the guns from Anton turret survive at former "Stichting Fort", Hoek van Holland
- SK - Schnelladekanone (quick loading cannon); C - Construktionsjahr (year of design)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 28 cm SK C/34.|
- DiGiulian, Tony (13 October 2006). "German 28 cm/54.5 (11") SK C/34". Navweaps.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.