2623 Zech, provisional designation A919 SA, is a stony binary asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6.5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 22 September 1919, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany. It was named after German ARI astronomer Gert Zech.
|Discovered by||K. Reinmuth|
|Discovery site||Heidelberg Obs.|
|Discovery date||22 September 1919|
|MPC designation||(2623) Zech|
|A919 SA · 1963 RE|
|main-belt · (inner) |
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||97.70 yr (35,684 days)|
|3.39 yr (1,236 days)|
|0° 17m 28.32s / day|
|Dimensions||6.50 km (calculated)|
7.61 km (estimate)
|13.13±0.59 · 13.3|
Zech is a stony S-type asteroid that orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.7–2.8 AU once every 3 years and 5 months (1,236 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.24 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic. The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation, as no precoveries were taken, and no prior identifications were made. On 8 June 2002, Zech passed 0.036 AU (5,400,000 km) from the major asteroid 3 Juno.
While "Johnston's Archive" estimates a diameter of 7.61 kilometers for Zech, the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for stony asteroids of 0.20 and calculates a diameter of 6.5 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 13.3. No observational results have been published by the space-based IRAS, Akari, and WISE/NEOWISE surveys.
In October 2004, a rotational lightcurve of Zech was obtained from photometric observations by American astronomer Donald P. Pray at Sugarloaf Mountain Observatory, Massachusetts, in a collaboration with other American and European astronomers from France, the Czech Republic, Serbia, Georgia and Ukraine. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 2.7401 hours with a brightness variation of 0.22 magnitude (U=n.a.). While not being a fast rotator, it has a relatively fast spin rate for its size, as most minor planets rotate between 2.2 and 20 hours.
During Pray's photometric observations, it was revealed that Zech (primary) is in fact an asynchronous binary asteroid with a minor planet moon orbiting it. The moon has an orbital period of 117.2 hours and a spin rate of 18.718 hours with an amplitude 0.08 magnitude. Based on Pray's secondary-to-primary mean diameter ratio (Ds/p) of more than 0.29, the Johnston's Archive estimates a diameter of at least 2.21 kilometers for Zech's companion.
This minor planet was named after German astronomer Gert Zech (born 1941) at ARI in Heidelberg. He was editor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts and is known for his publications on the observational determination of the length of the astronomical unit and the mass of the Earth–Moon system using the dynamical method by observing the near-Earth object 433 Eros. Naming citation was prepared by Lutz D. Schmadel who also proposed the name. The citation was published on 18 February 1992 (M.P.C. 19692).
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2623 Zech (A919 SA)" (2017-06-03 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2623) Zech". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2623) Zech. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 214. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2624. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- "LCDB Data for (2623) Zech". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- Pray, D.; Pravec, P.; Chiorny, V.; Krugly, Yu. N.; Benishek, V.; Pollock, J.; et al. (November 2014). "(2623) Zech". Central Bureau Electronic Telegrams. 4012 (4012): 1. Bibcode:2014CBET.4012....1P. Archived from the original on 2015-06-12. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- Johnston, Robert. "(2623) Zech". johnstonsarchive.net. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007.
- "2623 Zech (A919 SA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- Determination of the Astronomical Unit by the Dynamical Method, J. Schubart and G. Zech (1967)
- The determination of the mass of the earth+moon system by the dynamical method from observations of Eros, G. Zech (1968)
- Donald Pray at Sugarloaf Mountain Observatory, Planetary Society
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Asteroids with Satellites, Robert Johnston, johnstonsarchive.net
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 2623 Zech at the JPL Small-Body Database