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2312 Duboshin, provisional designation 1976 GU2, is a dark Hildian asteroid from the outermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 54 kilometers (34 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 1 April 1976, by Soviet–Russian astronomer Nikolai Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij, on the Crimean peninsula.[1] It was named after Russian astronomer Georgij Duboshin.[2][11] The D-type asteroid has a longer than average rotation period of 50.78 hours.[4]

2312 Duboshin
Discovery [1]
Discovered byN. Chernykh
Discovery siteCrimea–Nauchnij
Discovery date1 April 1976
MPC designation(2312) Duboshin
Named after
Georgij Nikolaevich Duboshin [2]
(Soviet-Russian astronomer)
1976 GU2 · 1943 DH
1971 QJ · 1972 TJ7
1973 YE2 · 1975 CF
1976 JN
main-belt · (outer)[3]
Hilda[1][4] · background [5]
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc74.35 yr (27,157 d)
Aphelion4.5826 AU
Perihelion3.3399 AU
3.9613 AU
7.88 yr (2,880 d)
0° 7m 30s / day
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
50.122±0.750 km[6]
54.94±3.1 km[7]
58.53±1.37 km[8]
50.78±0.03 h[9][a]
Tholen = D[3][4] · D[6]
B–V = 0.73[3]
U–B = 0.246[3]
10.18[3][4][7][8] · 10.2[10]

Orbit and classificationEdit

Duboshin is an asteroids of the dynamical Hilda group which stay in a 3:2 orbital resonance with Jupiter.[1][4] It is, however, not a member of the collisional Hilda family but a non-family asteroid of the main belt's background population when applying the hierarchical clustering method to its proper orbital elements.[5]

It orbits the Sun in the outermost asteroid belt at a distance of 3.3–4.6 AU once every 7 years and 11 months (2,880 days; semi-major axis of 3.96 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 5° with respect to the ecliptic.[3] The asteroid was first observed as 1943 DH at Turku Observatory in February 1943, where the body's observation arc begins on the same day with a precovery.[1]

Physical characteristicsEdit

In the Tholen classification, Duboshin is a dark D-type asteroid.[3][4] The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) also characterized it as a D-type.[6]

Rotation periodEdit

In April 2016, a rotational lightcurve of Duboshin was obtained from photometric observations by Robert Stephens at the Center for Solar System Studies (U81) in California. Lightcurve analysis gave a long rotation period of 50.78 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.15 magnitude, indicative for a nearly spherical shape (U=2+).[9][a] While not being a slow rotator, it has a notably longer period than that seen for most other asteroids, which rotate every 2 to 20 hours once around their axis.

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's WISE telescope, Duboshin measures between 50.122 and 58.53 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.044 and 0.06.[6][7][8]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link adopts the results obtained by IRAS, that is, an albedo of 0.0496 and a diameter of 54.94 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.18.[4]


This minor planet was named after Russian astronomer Georgij Nikolaevich Duboshin (1904–1986), expert on celestial mechanics, author of several textbooks, and former president of IAU's Commission 7, Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy in the early 1970s.[2][11] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 1 December 1982 (M.P.C. 7471).[12]


  1. ^ a b Lightcurve plot of (2312) Duboshin, obtained by R. D. Stephens at Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) with 659 data points taken between 19 March and 16 April 2016. Rotation period 50.78±0.03 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.15±0.02 mag. Quality code of 2+. Summary figures at the LCDB and CS3


  1. ^ a b c d e "2312 Duboshin (1976 GU2)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2312) Duboshin". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2312) Duboshin. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 188. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2313. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2312 Duboshin (1976 GU2)" (2017-07-04 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (2312) Duboshin". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Bauer, J.; Masiero, J.; Spahr, T.; McMillan, R. S.; et al. (January 2012). "WISE/NEOWISE Observations of the Hilda Population: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 744 (2): 15. arXiv:1110.0283. Bibcode:2012ApJ...744..197G. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/744/2/197.
  7. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System: IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 20 March 2018. Online catalog
  9. ^ a b Stephens, Robert D. (October 2016). "Asteroids Observed from CS3: 2016 April - June". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 43 (4): 336–339. Bibcode:2016MPBu...43..336S. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  10. ^ Dahlgren, M.; Lahulla, J. F.; Lagerkvist, C.-I.; Lagerros, J.; Mottola, S.; Erikson, A.; et al. (June 1998). "A Study of Hilda Asteroids. V. Lightcurves of 47 Hilda Asteroids". Icarus. 133 (2): 247–285. Bibcode:1998Icar..133..247D. doi:10.1006/icar.1998.5919. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  11. ^ a b "G. N. Duboshin – individual member". IAU – International Astronomical Union. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  12. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 March 2018.

External linksEdit