Entwurf eines Cannabiskontrollgesetzes (CannKG; "Draft of a cannabis control law") was a bill proposed in 2015 that would remove cannabis from the list of scheduled drugs in Betäubungsmittelgesetz, the federal controlled substances law in Germany. The issue was proposed by Alliance 90/The Greens (the German Green Party).[when?] It would regulate cannabis in a manner similar to alcohol, with adults 18 years old permitted to buy and possess up to 30 grams in regulated stores.[1][2]

2022 proposal Edit

A new regulatory framework that would legalize cannabis in Germany was brought out with an Eckpunktepapier ("cornerstone paper", or framework paper), introduced on October 26, 2022 by Minister of Health and member of the Bundestag, Karl Lauterbach, who is a physician and epidemiologist trained in the United States and Germany.

The 2022 deregulation proposal was leaked around October 19, 2022.[3][4][5]

Provisions Edit

Provisions of the October 2022 framework paper include sales in licensed establishments, and personal possession by adults over 18 years of 20 to 30 grams of cannabis without THC content limit. There may be sales limitations regarding persons under 21 years of age.[6][7]

Effect Edit

The ministry document is intended to have direct effect under Directive (EU) 2015/1535. Germany will present the framework paper to the European Union before implementing legislation.[8]

Reception Edit

The issuance of the draft regulations by Ministry of Health was called "decisive step toward legalization" by Politico.[5]

Deutscher Hanfverband criticized a 15% THC limit in the leaked draft.[9]

2023 proposal Edit

In March 2023, the health minister, Karl Lauterbach, reported a positive reaction from European Commission on the plan, and intended to bring a bill forward soon.[10]

Details of a leaked version of a new scaled-back plan were published by German newspaper Die Zeit in late March. The new plan would have experimental controlled legalization in sub-national areas.[11][12]

The new plan was officially announced on April 12. Provisions included legal possession of up to 25 grams of cannabis, and home- or club-grown cannabis, but did not allow large scale commercial production and sale of the plant.[13]

The proposal was accepted by the federal cabinet on August 16 to be submitted to parliament.[14] If it goes through as planned by the health ministry, the law could be in effect as early as the beginning of 2024.[15]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Cannabis-Gesetz der Grünen: Kiffen, aber richtig" [Cannabis law of the Greens: smoking pot, but the right way], Der Spiegel, 4 March 2015
  2. ^ "Grüne wollen jedem drei Cannabis-Pflanzen gönnen" [The greens think everyone deserves to have three cannabis plants], Die Welt, 4 March 2015
  3. ^ "Bundesregierung veroeffentlicht das Eckpunktepapier" [Federal government publishes [leaked] framework paper]. Hanf Journal (in German). October 19, 2022.
  4. ^ Bernd Pickert (October 19, 2022). "Geleakte Cannabis-Eckpunkte: Was haben die denn geraucht?" [Leaked cannabis framework]. Die Tageszeitung. Die geleakten Cannabis-Eckpunkte lassen die Hoffnung auf eine Freigabe schwinden. Qualität und Quantität sollen weiterhin massiv kontrolliert werden.
  5. ^ a b LOUIS WESTENDARP (October 19, 2022). "Germany's plan to legalize cannabis is out. Here's what it says". Politico. Germany plans to decriminalize the purchase and possession of small amounts of cannabis, allow licensed sales in shops, but advertising would be banned. The so-called cornerstone paper represents a decisive step toward legalization in the EU's most populous nation
  6. ^ Jan Drebes; Antje Höning (October 25, 2022). "So soll die Cannabis-Freigabe ablaufen" [This is how the cannabis deregulation is supposed to work]. Rheinische Post.
  7. ^ "Bundeskabinett befasst sich mit Cannabis-Legalisierung" [Federal cabinet deals with cannabis legalization] (in German). Deutsche Presse-Agentur (DPA). October 26, 2022 – via Die Zeit.
  8. ^ Riham Alkousaa (October 26, 2022). "Germany to legalize cannabis use for recreational purposes". Reuters.
  9. ^ Christian Hensen (October 23, 2022). "Gebt das Hanf frei – und zwar richtig". Stern.
  10. ^ Karen Gilchrist (March 22, 2023). "'Cannabis in Germany will be a success story': Europe's biggest economy moves closer to weed legalization". CNBC.
  11. ^ Tim Neumann; Tilman Steffen (March 31, 2023). "Karl Lauterbach plant Cannabislegalisierung light" [Karl Lauterbach plans cannabis legalization "light"]. Die Zeit (in German).(subscription required)
  12. ^ "Cannabis-Gesetz lässt auf sich warten - Vorschlag "in Kürze"" [Wait longer for cannabis law - details "shortly"], Stern (in German), March 31, 2023
  13. ^ "Germany scales back cannabis legalization plans to focus on home cultivation". Politico. April 12, 2023.
  14. ^ Sarah Marsh; Andreas Rinke (August 16, 2023). "German cabinet OKs landmark bill over legal cannabis use". Reuters.
  15. ^ Patrick Freiwah (September 11, 2023). "Cannabis-Legalisierung in Deutschland: Soll Eigenanbau möglich sein?". Augsburger Allgemeine. Augsburg, Germany. Wenn alles läuft, wie derzeit vom Bundesgesundheitsministerium geplant, soll das Gesetz bereits Anfang 2024 in Kraft treten. (If everything goes as currently planned by the Federal Ministry of Health, the law should come into force as early as the beginning of 2024.)

Further reading Edit