2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jersey

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Bailiwick of Jersey is part of an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in Jersey was confirmed on 10 March 2020 when a person tested positive on the island after returning from Italy.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jersey
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationJersey
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseImported from Italy
Arrival date10 March 2020
(4 weeks and 1 day ago)
Confirmed cases170[1][2][3]
Deaths
3[1]
Official website
www.gov.je/coronavirus

BackgroundEdit

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in late December 2019 as the cause of a cluster of cases of an acute respiratory disease now referred to as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).[4] As of 31 March 2020 more than 190 countries and territories have been affected, with major outbreaks in China, Italy, South Korea and Iran.[5][6] On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) characterised the spread of COVID-19 as a pandemic.[7][8]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in the Bailiwick of Jersey  ()
     Deaths        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-10
1(n.a.)
2020-03-11
2(+100%)
2(=)
2020-03-16
5(+150%)
5(=)
2020-03-18
6(+20%)
2020-03-19
10(+67%)
2020-03-20
12(+20%)
2020-03-21
15(+17%)
15(=)
2020-03-23
16(+7%)
16(=)
2020-03-26
32(+100%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-27
52(+63%) 1(=)
2020-03-28
61(+17%) 1(=)
2020-03-29
63(+3%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-30
81(+29%) 2(=)
2020-03-31
81(=) 2(=)
2020-04-02
96(+19%) 2(=)
2020-04-03
118(+23%) 2(=)
2020-04-04
126(+6%) 3(+50%)
2020-04-05
155(+23%) 3(=)
2020-04-06
169(+9%) 3(=)
Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.
Last updated 18:00 6 April 2020.
  • On 30 January the Government of Jersey made its first announcement about the virus, saying that its cross-Government review group met that morning to discuss the situation.[9]
  • On 31 January the Government issued travel advice for islanders returning from affected areas of China.[10]
  • On 10 March, the first case was confirmed. The infected person had travelled from Italy.[11]
  • On 11 March a second case was confirmed.[12]
  • On 20 March there were 10 cases confirmed in Jersey, two of which were believed to have been contracted within the island.[13][14]
  • On 25 March a person in their 80's died. They had long-term health conditions and had been receiving palliative care before contracting COVID-19.[15]
  • On 29 March a second person died. They were in their 70's and had long-term health conditions before contracting the virus.[16]
  • On 30 March, the Chief Minister stated that there were ten patients with COVID-19 being treated at the hospital.[17]
  • On 2 April, nine patients were being treated in hospital.
  • On 4 April, a third death was announced - a patient in their late 60s who had underlying health conditions,[18] and the total number of cases confirmed stood at 126.[2]
  • On 6 April, the number of confirmed cases totalled 169.[2] 19 patients at the hospital were being treated for COVID-19.

Response by the Government of JerseyEdit

Overview of responseEdit

On 12 March, the advice from Senator John Fondré, Chief Minister of Jersey was to maintain a semblance of normal life, including continuing to go on holidays off-island,[19] but by 14 March his advice changed, requesting over-65s to start social distancing,[20] and on 20 March he extended this advice to islanders of all ages.[21] Islanders must avoid non-essential travel.[22][23]

From 20 March all travellers arriving on the island, other than essential workers, must self-isolate for 14 days.[23] From midnight on 26 March those aged over 65 and people with certain underlying medical conditions must self-isolate.[24] On 28 March, islanders were told that if one or more people in a household develop COVID-19 symptoms then all the other members of the household must also self-isolate for 14 days.[25]

On 26 March the Chief Minister called for young people to heed the social distancing advice for the sake of their family members, and bemoaned the spread of unhelpful rumours by conspiracy theorists over social media.[26]

On the evening of 29 March, the Chief Minister announced a lockdown, effective from 8 am the following morning. Islanders must stay at home other than for short periods for specific purposes unless they are employed in an essential function.[27]

The States Assembly passed new legislation, including a law to empower the police to remove people from public areas, enforce self-isolation, testing and screening, and detain those who are potentially infected.[28]

TestingEdit

Tests are currently sent to Colindale in London for processing,[29] with results taking between 48 hours and five days.[30] Arrangements are being made to establish a test facility on island, perhaps as soon as the end of April 2020.[31] Five thousand test kits have been ordered.[32]

On 15 March a testing centre was opened at Five Oaks.[33]

On 2 April the government announced that it had ordered 5,000 COVID-19 PCR tests from Cepheid Inc in California and two other suppliers. 150,000 serology tests have been ordered from a UK supplier.[29] The serology tests will identify antibodies in people who have developed immunity. They are due to arrive in batches with the first batch expected in April.[29] They intend to test all households in order to enable a phased 'managed exit from the stay home restrictions'.[34] Islanders will be asked to attend mobile testing centres around the island.[29]

As of 1:20pm on 4 April there have been 1,451 tests, of which 126 were confirmed positive and 209 are awaiting results.[35] Three people have died as a result of COVID-19.[36]

On-island testing commenced on 8 April, with the intention that laboratory staff will work 24 hours a day, seven days a week to be able to process same-day results.[37] The Pathology Manager said "Around 20 biomedical scientists and laboratory support staff have been trained to perform [the tests]."[37]

Financial supportEdit

On 12 March, the Minister for Economic Development announced deferred social security and GST payments, and deferred rent for businesses where the government was the landlord.[38] On 20 March, he announced that government would pay a subsidy of up to £200 a week to workers in the hospitality, retail, wholesale and agriculture and fisheries industries until the end of April.[39] He announced an enhanced package of support on 26 March, using the island's strategic reserve - the so-called 'rainy day fund' - to pay up to 80% of the wages of affected staff in certain industries, capped at £1,600 a month.[40]

HealthcareEdit

On 19 March, the Minister for Health and Community Services announced that the General Hospital would be closed to visitors.[41]

On 20 March government announced that non-essential operations and outpatient appointments would be cancelled for a four-week period.[42]

On 30 March the Chief Minister stated that ten patients were being cared for at the General Hospital,[43] and that the island has 27 ventilators. The island does not have its own Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) machine - patients needing one would normally be transferred to Southampton General Hospital.[44] People who have worked in the health sector such as dentists and pharmacists were asked to volunteer to support the health service.[45]

17 residents at an unnamed care home are being treated for the virus.[46]

ImpactEdit

Education and childcareEdit

On 18 March, it was announced that all schools and colleges would close for at least four weeks starting from 23 March.[47]

People deemed to work in essential roles are able to apply for their children to attend school or child care so that they can continue to perform their roles.[48]

Closures and shutdownsEdit

On 17 March, Cineworld announced the closure of the only cinema on the island.[49]

On 22 March, ministers announced that pubs, bars and nightclubs should close.[50]

On 23 March, government announced that its sports centres would close,[51] and Jersey Zoo announced that it would be closed from 24 March until further notice.[52]

Event cancellationsEdit

On 10 March the Lions Club announced that its Swimarathon, a charity fund raising swimming event due to have over 3,500 participants would not take place in 2020.[53]

On 18 March, organisers of the 75th Liberation Day celebrations announced that they would be scaled back.[54]

On 26 March the organisers of the Jersey Battle of Flowers announced that the event, which was next due to take place in August 2020, would be cancelled for the first time in 70 years.[55]

On 28 March the organisers of the 2020 TMF Island Walk announced that the annual sponsored round-the-island walk due to take place on 20 June would be postponed until later in the summer or may not take place. The event usually attracts 1,500 walkers.[56]

Consumer responseEdit

In late February, stocks of hand sanitiser were running low,[57] and in early March, Jersey supermarkets reported unprecedented demand for certain items such as toilet roll. Some retailers introduced restrictions to prevent people from stockpiling.[58]

TravelEdit

On 3 March, France and Germany were added to the list of countries from which travellers would need to self-isolate for 14 days.[59]

On 5 March, the airline Flybe which had been founded in Jersey and serviced the most air routes from the island went into administration, citing Coronavirus as part of the reasaon for its collapse.[60]

On 11 March, Channel Islands airline Blue Islands announced that flights between Jersey and London City Airport would be cancelled temporarily.[61]

On 13 March, Condor Ferries announced that the Commodore Clipper would not carry passengers for a month in order to ensure the continuity of its freight service using the ship.[62]

On 17 March, Condor Ferries announced that sailings to and from Saint-Malo would be suspended from 24 March to at least 2 April.[63] The company subsequently announced that it would cancel all passenger sailings from 27 March until at least 30 April.[64] This was later extended to 14 May.[65]

On 20 March, Blue Islands announced that flights between Jersey and Guernsey would be suspended.[66]

On 26 March, the island's bus operator LibertyBus announced a reduced timetable from 28 March.[67]

On 28 March, Jersey Airport announced that British Airways flights between Gatwick and Jersey will be suspended from 31 March until the end of April.[68]

On 30 March, EasyJet announced that it was grounding its entire fleet until further notice. EasyJet operated several flights a day between Jersey and London Gatwick as well as to eight other regional airports such as Liverpool.[69]

On 1 April the Jersey government announced that it was in negotiation with Blue Islands for the airline to provide continuity of air travel to the UK for passengers whose travel is deemed essential.[70]

FuneralsEdit

Restrictions on funerals include a ban on church services and only a maximum of ten mourners who must be immediate family may attend.[71][72]

The island has capacity for the storage of 100 bodies across the hospital and funeral homes, but the Government has plans to set up a temporary morgue called ‘The Sanctum’ if this is exceeded.[72]

Other reactionsEdit

On 19 March, the island's telecommunications operators announced a free increase in broadband speed to 1Gb/s for all subscribers.[73]

StatisticsEdit

Number of cases per dayEdit

The figures below count only confirmed cases from tests; the actual number of infections and cases are likely to be higher than reported.[74]

Last updated 18:45 5 April 2020. Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.

Date Confirmed cases Deaths Negative results
New Total New Total New Total
10 March 1 1 0 0 84
11 March 1 2 0 0 6 90
12 March 0 2 0 0 19 109
13 March 0 2 0 0 23 132
14 March 0 2 0 0 33 165
15 March 0 2 0 0 15 180
16 March 3 5 0 0 35 215
17 March 0 5 0 0 6 221
18 March 1 6 0 0 72 293
19 March 4 10 0 0 30 323
20 March 2 12 0 0 49 372
21 March 3 15 0 0 11 383
22 March No data published
23 March 1 16 0 0 22 405
24 March 0 16 0 0 0 405
25 March No data published
26 March 16 32 1 1 67 472
27 March 20 52 0 1 129 601
28 March 9 61 0 1 49 650
29 March 2 63 1 2 18 668
30 March 18 81 0 2 80 748
31 March 0 81 0 2 0 748
1 April No data published
2 April 15 96 0 2 124 872
3 April 22 118 0 2 120 992
4 April 8 126 1 3 124 1,116
5 April 29 155 0 3 112 1,228
Total 155 3 1,228

GraphsEdit

Total confirmed casesEdit

Last updated 18:45 5 April 2020. Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.

 

New cases per dayEdit

Last updated 18:45 5 April 2020. Data sourced from the Government of Jersey website.

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Coronavirus (COVID-19) cases". www.gov.je. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Live updates: Number of Coronavirus cases in the Channel Islands". itv.com. ITV News. ITV. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  3. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
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  8. ^ "Coronavirus confirmed as pandemic". BBC News. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
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External linksEdit