2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ivory Coast

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Ivory Coast in March 2020.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ivory Coast
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationIvory Coast
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseAbidjan
Arrival date11 March 2020
(4 weeks)
Confirmed cases384[1]
Recovered48
Deaths
3

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Ivory Coast  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-11
1(+)
2020-03-12
2(+1) (+100%)
2(=)
2020-03-14
4(+2) (+100%)
4(=)
2020-03-16
6(+2) (+50%)
6(=)
2020-03-18
9(+2) (+50%)
9(=)
2020-03-20
14(+5) (+56%)
14(=)
2020-03-22
25(+8) (+79%)
25(=)
2020-03-24
73(+48) (+192%)
2020-03-25
80(+7) (+10%)
2020-03-26
96(+16) (+20%)
2020-03-27
101(+5) (+5%)
2020-03-28
140(+39) (+39%)
2020-03-29
165(+25) (+18%)
2020-03-30
168(+3) (+2%)
2020-03-31
179(+11) (+7%)
2020-04-01
190(+11) (+6%)
2020-04-02
194(+4) (+2%)
2020-04-03
218(+24) (+12%)
2020-04-04
245(+27) (+12%)
2020-04-05
261(+16) (+7%)
2020-04-06
323(+62) (+24%)
2020-04-07
349(+26) (+8%)
Sources: various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.


March 2020Edit

  • On 11 March, Ivory Coast recorded its first case of COVID-19. It was an Ivory Coast national who had recently been to Italy.[7] The case is being treated at the Treichville University Hospital in Abidjan. Several people who were in contact with the infected person have been identified and are subject to a “follow-up”, as according to the Minister of Health. The public has been assured to “keep calm” and “respect preventive measures being enforced”. A free emergency number has been set up in the Ivory Coast (143 or 101) to alert people of suspected cases. Several border controls have also been set up to try and limit the spread.[8][9]
  • On 12 March, the wife of the individual who tested positive the day before also tested positive, bringing the total number of cases to 2.[10]
  • On 14 March, further cases were confirmed bringing the total number of cases to 4.[11]
  • On 16 March, the government announced that the total number of confirmed cases had risen to six, and that the patient identified on 11 March had made a recovery.[12] Ivory Coast has also suspended flights for countries that have more than 100 cases for 15 days, only allowing citizens and residents.[13]
  • On 18 March, three more cases were confirmed bringing the total number to 9.[14]
  • On 20 March, the government announced five more confirmed cases, bringing the total number to 14.[15] The same day the government decided to close all borders from midnight on 22 March until further notice.[16]
  • On 21 March, 3 more cases were confirmed. On 22 March, 8 more new cases were confirmed thus bringing the total to 25.[17]
  • On 23 March, Ivory Coast declared a state of emergency.[18] Alassane Ouattara prohibited people traveling to and from Abidjan from the 26th of March unless by special exemption but was postponed till the 29th of March. The declaration also closed all bars and marquis and introduced a nationwide curfew each night from 21hrs to 05hrs.[19]
  • On 24 March, 48 new cases were confirmed thus bringing the total to 73 cases.[20]
  • On 25 March, 7 new cases were confirmed thus bringing the total to 80 cases.[21]
  • On 26 March, 16 new cases were confirmed thus bringing the total to 96 cases.[22]
  • On 27 March, 5 new cases were confirmed bringing the total over the 100 benchmark with a total of 101 cases along with 2 patients recovering thus bringing the total of recovered to 3.[23] A 58-year-old female patient with diabetes, in a coma since 25 March, became the first fatality.
  • On 28 March, 39 new cases were confirmed, bringing the total to 140.[24]
  • On 29 March, 25 new cases were confirmed, bringing the total to 165. There has been the first death[25] and another recovery, thus bringing the total recovered to 4.[26] From midnight on 29 March until 15 April, no transports are allowed between the greater Abidjan region (Abidjan Autonomous District, Dabou, Azaguié, Bingerville, Grand-Bassam, Bonoua, Assinie-Mafia) and the rest of the country.[27] Exceptions are made for foodstuffs, medicines, medical evacuations, fuel, utilities and vehicles with special authorisation.
  • On 30 March, 3 new cases were confirmed, bringing the total to 168. There was also 2 more recoveries bringing the total to 6.[28]
  • On 31 March, the number of confirmed cases rose by 11 to 179, seven of whom had recovered.[29]

April 2020Edit

  • On 1 April, there were 11 new confirmed cases, bringing the total to 190. There was 2 new recoveries bringing the total number of recoveries to 9.[30]
  • On 2 April, there were more new recoveries (6) than confirmed new cases (4). The total number of confirmed cases stood at 194, the total number of recoveries at 15.[31]
  • On 3 April, the total number rose to 218 after 24 new cases were confirmed, while four more recoveries meant that 19 patients had recovered. The new cases included the first confirmed cases in Bouaké and Soubré.[32]
  • On 4 April, there were 27 new cases, bringing the number of confirmed cases to 245. San Pedro and Toulepleu had their first confirmed cases. The total number of recovered patients rose by 6, to 25.[33]
  • On 5 April, 16 new cases were confirmed. Two hospitalized patients died, while 12 patients recovered. The total numbers stood at 261 confirmed cases, three deaths, and 37 recovered patients.[34]
  • On 6 April there were 62 new confirmed cases and 4 more recovered patients. Of the 62 new cases, 58 were in Abidjan and 4 in Adiaké. Defence minister Hamed Bakayoko announced that he was one of the confirmed cases.[35] Since the start of the outbreak, 323 cases had been confirmed of which 41 had recovered and 3 had died.[36] The Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene published a list of sites, in and around Abidjan, for testing: Yopougon, Abobo, Marcory, Koumassi and Port-Bouët; treatment: Treichville, Cocody, Grand-Bassam, Yopougon, Abidjan, and Anyama; quarantine (Marcory); and for analysis (Pasteur Institute Abidjan).[37] The announcement led to days of violent protests in Youpogon and Koumassi.[38]
  • On 7 April there were 26 confirmed cases, bringing the total to 349.[39]
  • 8 April saw 35 new cases, bringing the total to 384.[40]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ministère de la Santé et de l'Hygiène Publique". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  2. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Ivory Coast confirms first case of coronavirus". Daily Sabah. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire : un premier cas confirmé de coronavirus, les autorités appellent au calme – Jeune Afrique". JeuneAfrique.com (in French). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Premier cas de coronavirus confirmé en Côte d'Ivoire". BBC News Afrique (in French). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Coronavirus : Un deuxième cas teste positive en Côte d'Ivoire". AbidjanTV.net (in French). 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Coronavirus : 3 nouveaux cas confirmés en Côte d'Ivoire". Agence Ecofin (in French). 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Coronavirus : le bilan passe à 6 confirmés en Côte d'Ivoire". Atoo.ci (in French). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  13. ^ "West Africa clamps down on borders as coronavirus cases rise". outlookindia.com. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Les médias ivoiriens appelés à ne pas diffuser les informations 'non certifiées' sur le coronavirus". APA (in French). 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus : la Côte d'Ivoire compte 14 cas confirmés dont un guéri, à la date du 20 mars 2020". www.gouv.ci (in French). 21 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Coronavirus : les frontières terrestres, maritimes et aériennes ivoiriennes fermées à tout traffic de personnes, à compter du 22 mars 2020, à minuit". www.gouv.ci (in French). 21 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Le ministère de la santé annonce ce dimanche, la détection de 8 nouveaux cas portant à 25 le nombre de cas confirmés en Côte d'Ivoire". news.abidjan.net (in French). 22 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Ivory Coast, Senegal declare emergencies, impose curfews in coronavirus response". Reuters. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Report d'isolement d' Abidjan: Un grand danger guette la Côte d'Ivoire". afrique-sur7.fr/ (in French). 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Coronavirus: 48 nouveaux cas déclarés ce mardi portant à 73 le nombre de cas confirmés en Côte d'Ivoire (Officiel)". news.abidjan.net/ (in French). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Coronavirus: 7 nouveaux cas confirmés ce mercredi 25 mars portant à 80 le nombre de cas en Côte d'ivoire (officiel)". news.abidjan.net (in French). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Covid19: 16 nouveaux cas confirmés en Côte d'ivoire ce jeudi 26 mars portant le nombre à 96 cas.(ministère de la santé et de l'hygiène publique)". news.abidjan.net/ (in French). 26 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Covid-19: la Côte d'Ivoire franchit la barre de 100 cas avec 5 nouveaux cas portant le nombre d'infectés à 101 dont 3 guéris (Ministre de la Santé)". news.abidjan.net/ (in French). 27 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Coronavirus : la Côte d'Ivoire est à 140 cas confirmés". abidjantv.net/ (in French). 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  25. ^ https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/30/ivory-coast-records-first-coronavirus-death-minister.html
  26. ^ "Covid19 : la Côte d'Ivoire enregistre 25 nouveaux cas portant ainsi à 165 le nombre de cas confirmés dont 4 guéris et 1 décès (Officiel)". news.abidjan.net/ (in French). 29 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Coronavirus : Vive tension au pont à péage après l'isolement d'Abidjan". afrique-sur7.fr (in French). 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Covid-19 : 3 nouveaux cas enregistrés, portant à 168 le nombre de cas confirmés dont 06 guéris et 01 décès. (Ministère)". abidjantv.net/ (in French). 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Coronavirus Côte d'Ivoire : 17 cas à l'intérieur du pays sur 179". AfrikSoir.net (in French). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Le nombre de malades de COVID 19 en Côte d'Ivoire passe à 190 avec 11 nouveaux cas (Ministre)". AIP.ci (in French). 1 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  31. ^ "Coronavirus : 4 nouveaux cas confirmés et 6 nouveaux guéris en Côte d'Ivoire (Ministre)". AIP.ci (in French). 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  32. ^ "Coronavirus : 24 nouveaux cas, la Côte d'Ivoire franchit la barre des 200 cas confirmés". AfrikSoir.net (in French). 3 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  33. ^ "Covid-19 en Côte d'Ivoire : Déjà 245 malades, San-Pedro et Toulepleu". Afrique-sur7.fr (in French). 4 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  34. ^ "Coronavirus : 16 nouveaux cas de contamination, 2 décès". linfodrome.com (in French). 5 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  35. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire Defence Minister Contracts Coronavirus". PeaceFMonline.com. 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  36. ^ "Coronavirus : 62 nouveaux cas d'infection à Covid-19 ont été enregistrés, portant à 323 ce 6 Avril 2020". FratMat.info (in French). 6 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  37. ^ "Covid19/Abidjan : voici les sites de prélèvements, de prise en charge, de quarantaine..." Pressecôted’ivoire.ci (in French). 6 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  38. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire : Koumassi dit non à l'installation d'un centre de dépistage du coronavirus dans la Commune". AbidjanTV.net (in French). 7 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  39. ^ "Coronavirus : 26 nouveaux cas d'infection à COVID-19 enregistrés, ce mardi". Pressecôted’ivoire.ci (in French). 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  40. ^ "La Côte d'Ivoire proroge le couvre feu avec une grâce présidentielle pour un millier de prisonniers". FinancialAfrik.com (in French). 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.