2020 coronavirus pandemic in Cape Verde

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Cape Verde in March 2020.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Cape Verde
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCape Verde
Arrival date20 March 2020
(2 weeks and 5 days)
Confirmed cases7[1]
Recovered0
Deaths
1

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4]

TimelineEdit

On 20 March, the first case of COVID-19 in the country was confirmed, being a 62 year old foreigner from the United Kingdom.[7][8]

Two more cases were confirmed the following day on 21 March. Both cases were tourists, one from the Netherlands, aged 60, and one from United Kingdom, aged 62. These two cases and the previous one were all on Boa Vista island before testing positive.[9] The first death was announced[10] on 24 March, regarding the first confirmed case in Cape Verde.

On 25 March, a fourth case was confirmed, a 43 years old national citizen who has returned from Europe, being the first case detected in the country's capital, Praia, on Santiago island.[11][12] On the following day, 26 March, Cape Verde's Health minister announced that the man's wife also tested positive, thus being the first reported local transmission.[13]

PreventionEdit

Since 16 March tests are being made in Cape Verde rather than abroad, by the Laboratório de Virologia de Cabo Verde, in Praia.[14]

On 17 March, as a contingency measure, Prime Minister José Ulisses Correia e Silva announced[15][16][17] the suspension of all incoming flights from the US, Brazil, Senegal, Nigeria, Portugal, and all European countries affected by the coronavirus. The suspension is active for three weeks. Exceptions are for cargo flights and flights for foreign citizens wishing to return home. The ban also applies to the docking of cruise ships, sailing ships and landing from passengers or crew from cargo ships or fishing ships. More exceptional measures[18] were taken the day after, and the contingency level was raised[19] on 27 March.

Cabo Verde Airlines had already taken the decision to suspend flights. Since 28 February the flights to Milan (Italy) are suspended. On 6 March, the flights to Lagos (Nigeria), Porto Alegre (Brazil) and Washington D.C. (United States) were also suspended. On 17 March, accordingly to the Government decision, Cabo Verde Airlines suspended all its other routes.[20]

On the 28th March, a state of emergency was declared in Cabo Verde, implementing a set of measures aimed at reducing social contact, and closing many businesses [21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live): 666,013 Cases and 30,935 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  2. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Cape Verde registers an Adverse Analytical Finding of First COVID-19". insp.gov.cv. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Coronavírus: Inglês de 62 anos é o primeiro caso confirmado em Cabo Verde". publico.pt (in Portuguese). 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  9. ^ SAPO. "Covid-19: Há mais dois casos confirmados na Boa Vista. Suspeito de São Vicente é negativo". SAPO Lifestyle (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  10. ^ "COVID-19: confirmed the first death from coronavirus in Cape Verde". insp.gov.cv. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Confirmado primeiro caso de COVID-19 na Praia". expressodasilhas.cv (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Cape Verde registers the fourth positive case COVID-19". insp.gov.cv. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Teste à esposa do primeiro caso da Praia dá positivo (em actualização)". expressodasilhas.cv (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Covid-19: Laboratório de Cabo Verde com capacidade para 300 testes diários". A Semana (in Portuguese). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  15. ^ O'Hare, Maureen & Hardingham, Tamara (17 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Which countries have travel bans?". CNN. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  16. ^ "COVID19: Governo declara situação de contingência a nível da Proteção Civil" (in Portuguese). Governo de Cabo Verde. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Governo declara situação de contingência, a nível de Proteção Civil, por causa do Covid-19". TCV (in Portuguese). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Check out the new measures announced by the government in the prevention of COVID-19". insp.gov.cv. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  19. ^ ""We raise the contingency level of Civil Protection to disaster risk" - Ulisses Correia e Silva". insp.gov.cv. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Corona Virus: Flights suspensions". Cabo Verde Airlines. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  21. ^ https://kiosk.incv.cv/2.1.38.3185/

External linksEdit