2020 coronavirus pandemic in Armenia

The ongoing worldwide 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Armenia on 1 March 2020 when its first case was confirmed. The disease, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel virus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread to all of the regions (marz) of Armenia, except for Gegharkunik, and has caused 9 deaths.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Armenia
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Armenia (Density).svg
Number of confirmed cases by province (as of 31 March):
  Confirmed 1–9
  Confirmed 10–49
  Confirmed 50–199
  Confirmed 200–499
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationArmenia
First outbreakTehran, Milan
Index caseYerevan
Arrival date1 March 2020
(1 month and 1 week)
Confirmed cases881[1]
Recovered114[2]
Deaths
9

Armenia has yet to fully close its international borders, or implement an internal lockdown, but it has suspended visa-free travel for Chinese citizens since 1 February, shortly after it implemented a 90-day visa-free regime on 19 January. Citizens of Iran can no longer receive a visa on arrival either. Additionally, passengers who have been to most of Europe, as well as Japan and South Korea, within the past 14 days, are no longer allowed to enter Armenia.[3] The border of Armenia with the Republic of Artsakh has also been closed in order to prevent the virus from spreading to the unrecognized republic (a state whose territory is de-jure part of Azerbaijan), which had its general elections on 31 March.

Before the virus was confirmed to have arrived in Armenia, 118 tests were performed in February with negative results. To date, Armenia has reported to have performed 5,452 tests, of which 881 were positive (confirmed COVID-19 case) and 4,571 were negative.

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[6][7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Armenia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-01
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-03-11
4(+300%)
2020-03-12
6(+50%)
2020-03-13
13(+117%)
2020-03-14
20(+54%)
2020-03-15
28(+40%)
2020-03-16
45(+61%)
2020-03-17
78(+73%)
2020-03-18
110(+41%)
2020-03-19
136(+24%)
2020-03-20
160(+18%)
2020-03-21
190(+19%)
2020-03-22
194(+2%)
2020-03-23
235(+21%)
2020-03-24
265(+13%)
2020-03-25
290(+9%)
2020-03-26
329(+13%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-27
372(+13%) 1(=)
2020-03-28
424(+14%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-29
482(+14%) 3(=)
2020-03-30
532(+10%) 3(=)
2020-03-31
571(+7%) 3(=)
2020-04-01
663(+16%) 4(+33%)
2020-04-02
736(+11%) 7(+75%)
2020-04-03
770(+5%) 7(=)
2020-04-04
822(+7%) 7(=)
2020-04-05
833(+1%) 8(+14%)
2020-04-06
853(+2%) 8(=)
2020-04-07
881(+3%) 9(+13%)
Sources: National Center for Disease Control provides daily update of numbers from the previous days every morning at 11:00 here


March 2020Edit

On 1 March 2020, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan confirmed the reports on his Facebook page that the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Armenia.[9][10]

On 16 March, Government declared a state of emergency lasting until 14 April to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. The emergency measures include the closure of all educational institutions, closing the borders with Georgia and Iran, banning gatherings with over 20 people, and postponing the 2020 Armenian constitutional referendum.[11]

As of 18 March, in addition to 799 people in self-isolation, there were 444 people in quarantine, gathered in the Golden Palace Hotel of Tsaghkadzor and the Monte Melkonian Military College of Dilijan.[12]

On 21 March, Armenia's Health Minister Arsen Torosyan said they have over 600 in quarantine in different regions of Armenia. He added that Armenia's capacity for quarantining people is nearing its limit, and that people should already resort to self-isolation as a preventative measure. Of the confirmed cases, 133 were linked to the clusters of cases from Ejmiatsin and a sewing factory in Yerevan.[12]

As of 24 March, there are 235 confirmed cases. 26 patients have pneumonia, 6 of whom are in intensive care, though they are not intubated (not on artificial respirators), and are under constant supervision.[12]

On Thursday 26 March, Armenia's Health Ministry announced the country's first death from COVID-19. The patient was a 72-year-old male Armenian citizen with multiple pre-existing conditions.[13]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April 2020, Armenia reported its 4th death.

On 6 April 2020, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced that Armenia would start to produce COVID-19 tests at the Institute of Molecular Biology.[14]

StatisticsEdit

 
 
 
 

By ProvinceEdit

Pos.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
-
 
Province Cases Deaths Date Source
Yerevan (c) 219 7 03-31 [15]
Ararat 173 0 04-06 [16]
Kotayk 88 0 03-31 [15]
Armavir 51 0 03-31 [15]
Syunik 25 0 04-06 [15]
Aragatsotn 10 0 07-04 [15]
Shirak 8 0 03-31 [15]
Lori 8 0 04-03 [17]
Tavush 5 0 04-06 [18]
Vayots Dzor 1 0 03-31 [15]
Gegharkunik 0 0 03-31 [citation needed]
TBD1 293 2 04-07
Total 853 9

1 TBD represents the cases whose provinces have not yet been updated.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ghazanchyan, Siranush (31 March 2020). "Coronavirus cases reach 663 in Armenia". 1 Lurer. Public Radio of Armenia. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  2. ^ Ghazanchyan, Siranush (27 March 2020). "Ten more recover from the coronavirus in Armenia – Health Minister". Public Radio of Armenia. Public Radio of Armenia. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  3. ^ "IATA - International Travel Document News". www.iatatravelcentre.com.
  4. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  8. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  9. ^ "First Case of Coronavirus Confirmed in Armenia". Asbarez.com. 2 March 2020. Archived from the original on 6 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Armenia reports first coronavirus infection". Reuters. 1 March 2020. Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Armenia declares one-month state of emergency for coronavirus". Reuters. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  12. ^ a b c "COVID-19: Updates From Armenia". EVN Report. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  13. ^ Asbarez Staff (26 March 2020). "Armenia Reports First Coronavirus Death". Asbarez. Asbarez. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  14. ^ "PM: Armenia to start production of COVID-19 tests".
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Yerevan tops the list of coronavirus-hit regions in Armenia, followed by Ararat and Kotayk".
  16. ^ "Արարատի մարզում կորոնավիրուսի վարակման դեպքերի նվազման միտում կա".
  17. ^ "Governor: Number of COVID-19 cases in Armenia's Lori province reaches 8".
  18. ^ "Armenia Tavush Province governor reports 5 COVID-19 cases". 31 March 2020.