The Somali Civil War began in 1991. Al-Shabaab are a jihadist group who began an insurgency in the country in 2008, since when they have frequently carried out attacks there. The most common location of their attacks is the capital Mogadishu, and hotels are one of their favoured types of target. Less often, they attack Kenya and Uganda. They control part of southern Somalia and are trying to take over the whole country and implement a severe version of Sharia law.
On 16 August 2020, al-Shabaab detonated a car bomb at the recently-built high-end Elite Hotel in Lido Beach in the Somali capital Mogadishu. They then opened fire using assault rifles. A siege lasted four hours, until all five insurgents were killed by Somali special forces; at least 43 people were injured.
- "Mogadishu attack: Somali troops end deadly siege at Elite Hotel". BBC News. 17 August 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
- Reuters staff (17 August 2020). "Death toll from attack on Mogadishu hotel rises to 16". Reuters. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
- "Somalia: Over a dozen killed in hours-long Mogadishu hotel siege". www.aljazeera.com. Al Jazeera English. August 17, 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2022.