2020 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks

The 2020 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks were a series of attacks which took place in 2020. The attacks were mostly carried out by the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a radical Islamist rebel group and the Cooperative for the Development of Congo (CODECO), an agricultural and religious group made up of ethnic Lendu people. The attacks left at least 1,316 people dead and 132 injured.

2020 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks
Part of the Kivu conflict, Allied Democratic Forces insurgency, and Ituri conflict
2020 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Beni
Beni
Samboko
Samboko
Tshabi
Tshabi
Kipupu
Kipupu
2020 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Places with most/deadliest attacks
LocationDemocratic Republic of the Congo
Date1 January – 31 December
Attack type
Massacres and Ambushes
Deaths1,316 (+69)
Injured132 (+15)
PerpetratorsAllied Democratic Forces, CODECO, Mai-Mai militias, FARDC (parts), FRPI, Mai-Mai Kata Katanga, FDLR, ISCAP, Ngumino-Twigwaneho, Ethnic groups

AttacksEdit

Date Location Dead Injured Details
1 January Mugunga neighbourhood, Goma 1 unknown A man was killed after an attack by unknown armed men in Mugunga neighbourhood.[1]
6 January Kabumba and Mutwangano, Rutshuru Territory 15 (+1) 7 The Nyatura Domi attacked the FARDC and the NDC-R in the villages of Kabumba and Mutwangano. The FARDC and NDC-R resisted and repelled the attack. 6 NDC-R fighters were killed, 9 civilians were killed, one Nyatura Domi was killed, and 7 NDC-R were wounded.[2]
22 January Beni Territory, North Kivu 6 unknown 6 civilians were killed in an ADF attack in the Beni territory.[3]
22 January Mayi-Moy, Beni Territory 11 1 11 civilians were killed and one was wounded in an ADF raid.[4]
22 January Mabasele neighbourhood, Oicha, Beni Territory 2 unknown The ADF murdered a man and a 5-year-old child in Mabasele neighbourhood. The ADF also set fire to three houses.[5]
28 January Manzingi, Beni Territory 38 unknown 38 civilians were killed in an ADF raid on the village of Manzingi.[6][7]
30 January Mantumbi, Beni Territory 13 unknown 13 civilians were killed in an ADF raid on the village of Mantumbi.[8]
3 February Kitso, Masisi territory 14 unknown The Nyatura Jean-Marie attacked the NDC-R in the village of Kitso. The deaths were only among 14 civilians.[9]
7 February Beni territory, North Kivu 8 unknown 8 civilians were killed in an ADF attack in the Beni territory.[10]
9 February Makeke, North Kivu 7 unknown 60 ADF fighters attacked the village of Makeke, North Kivu, and kill seven people.[11]
17 February Beni territory 10 unknown An ADF attack in Beni kills at least eight civilians, an intelligence agent, and a Congolese soldier.[12]
17 February Halungupa, Beni territory 11 unknown 1 FARDC soldier and 10 civilians were killed in an ADF raid on Halungupa. They also looted and brunt many places.[13]
18 February Southeast of Beni 12 unknown ADF militants kill 12 people and burn down several houses southeast of Beni.[14]
19 February Virunga National Park 5 unknown Five civilians were hostage by the ADF are found murdered near Virunga National Park.[15]
1 March northeastern Ituri province 24 12 CODECO militia fighters are accused of killing 24 civilians and injured 12 others in an attack on a village in northeastern Ituri province.[16]
7 March Mayangose, Beni Territory 21 unknown 21 FARDC soldiers were killed in an ambush by the ADF. 3 PKM weapons, 7 RPG weapons and 11 AK47 weapons were stolen. MONUSCO peacekeepers brought the wounded soldiers back by helicopter. 8 FARDC soldiers are still missing.[17]
30 March North Kivu 3 unknown An ADF skirmish left two people and one Congolese soldier dead.[18]
7 April Halungupa, Beni territory, North Kivu 6 unknown 6 civilians were killed in an ADF at the village of Halungupa.[19]
14 April Beni territory, North Kivu 3 (+5) unknown Two soldiers and a civilian were killed when ADF attacked the army in Beni.[20]
15 April Koli, Ituri 22 unknown 22 civilians were killed in a CODECO attack on the village of Koli.[20]
24 April Virunga National Park 18 unknown 18 people were killed including 12 park rangers when 60 FDLR militiamen ambushed their convoy.[21]
25 April Kavumu, Rutshuru territory 2 unknown Soldiers from the Rwanda Defence Force (RDF) killed a woman and her child in a field in the village Kavumu.[22]
26 April Birega, Rutshuru territory 1 unknown RDF soldiers forced 4 men to carry goods for them. One of the men were killed by the RDF soldiers.[23]
2 May Marabho, Ituri 12 (+8) 2 (+6) Kyini ya kilima attacked an army base and killed 12 people including 4 government soldiers.[24]
16–17 May Djugu territory, Ituri 20 17 20 civilians were killed and 17 other wounded after an attack by the CODECO.[25]
24 May Beni territory 9 unknown ADF fighters attacked civilians in Beni killing nine. The militants burned down houses, before retreating after a gunfight with the army. The army suffered several injuries during the gunfight.[26]
25 May Makutano 17 unknown The ADF killed 17 people in Makutano.[27]
25 May Loselose, Beni territory 9 unknown The ADF attacked the FARDC in the village of Loselose killing 2 soldiers and 7 civilians. 6 houses were also burned down.[28]
26 May Samboko, Ituri Province 40 unknown The ADF attacked Samboko village in Ituri Province. The attackers killed 40 people using machetes and looted the village of food and valuables.[27]
27 May Otokaka-Makembi, Beni Territory 23 (+7) unknown The ADF attacked the FARDC in the village of Otokaka-Makembi. In total 23 FARDC soldiers and 7 ADF militants were killed.[29]
3 June Moussa, Ituri 16 unknown At least 16 people, including women and children, were killed by CODECO militiamen in Moussa village.[30]
16 June Eringeti-Kainama road, North Kivu 6 unknown The ADF killed 6 civilians and burned 60 homes alone the Eringeti-Kainama road.[31]
19 June North Kivu 9 unknown 9 people were kidnapped and then killed by the ADF in the North Kivu province.[32]
20 June Bukaka, North Kivu 10 unknown 10 people were killed when the ADF Attacked the village of Bukaka.[32]
20 June Biangolo, North Kivu 10 unknown Another 10 Civilians were killed when the ADF attacked the village of Biangolo.[33]
21 June Vukaka, Ituri 10 unknown 10 people were killed when the ADF attacked the village of Vukaka.[33]
22 June Beni, North Kivu province 1 1 An Indonesian peacekeeper was killed and another one injured when ISCAP ambushed their convoy.[34]
5 July Bakua Tamba, Kasai 7 17 Seven people were killed over a land dispute between the Kuba and Luba communities over where they could cultivate land.[35]
5 July Matete, Djugu territory, Ituri 11 none CODECO attacked two convoys coming from Bunia in the village of Matete and killed 11.[36]
8 July Djugu territory, Ituri 20 unknown CODECO militia attacked the territory of djugu, north of Bunia, and killed 20 people.[37]
8 July Bounzenzele, Djugu territory 39+ 3+ 400 to 500 CODECO militiamen raided the village of Bounzenzele killing 37 civilians and 2 FARDC soldiers.[38]
9 July Sindani-Akesi, Ituri 25 10 Members of the CODECO attacked the locality of Sindani-Akesi and targeted civilians.[39]
16 July Mwenga Territory, South Kivu 220 unknown Kipupu massacre - More than 220 people were killed in Mwenga Territory, South Kivu.[40]
20 July Mayolo, Ituri 5 unknown CODECO militia attacked the village of Mayolo, killing five people.[41]
21 July Andasia, Ituri 7 unknown CODECO militia attacked the village of Andasia, killing seven people.[41]
28 July Mutido, North Kivu 6 (+1) unknown 6 civilians and one ADF fighter were killed in an ADF attack on FARDC troops in Mutido village.[42]
30 July Sange, Uvira territory 12 unknown A drunken soldier in Sange opened fire on passers-by, killing at least 12 people including a two-year-old girl.[43]
31 July Bukima, Rutshuru territory 2 1 Ex-M23 fighters attacked FARDC troops in the village of Bukima killing 2 soldiers and wounding another. The attackers also stole some weapons.[44]
9 August Ituri province 19 unknown 19 people were killed when CODECO attacked 3 villages in Ituri Province.[45]
14 August Mbau, Beni territory 4 unknown 4 farmers were killed in an ADF at the village of Mbau.[46]
15 August Mwenda, North Kivu 8 unknown 8 people were killed in an ADF attack on the village of Mwenda.[46]
15 August Kpolowu, Ituri Province 0 (+2) 2 ADF militants clashed with the army at the village of Kpolowu.[46]
22 August Kinziki-Matiba and Wikeno villages, North Kivu 13 unknown Suspected Islamist militants killed 13 people during raids on two villages in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, the army and a village chief report. It is the latest of such attacks that the United Nations says may be war crimes. The ADF have killed more than 1,000 people since 2019, according to UN figures.[47]
24 August Mapasana and Mabuo villages, Beni territory 20 unknown Twenty bodies were discovered in the villages of Mapasana and Mabuo. They are thought to be killed by the ADF.[48]
25 August Mbau, Beni territory 4 unknown Four bodies were found in the village of Mbau after an attack by the ADF.[48]
26 August Beni territory 20 unknown 20 people were killed in an ADF attack on 3 villages.[49]
28 August Tinameme, Beni territory 11 (+2) unknown 8 FARDC soldiers and 3 civilians were killed when a FARDC convoy was ambushed by the ADF. 2 ADF militants were also killed.[50]
31 August Bilalombili and Ngez, Mwenga territory, South Kivu 7 9 A battle broke out when the Ngumino, Twiganeho, and Makanika attacked the FARDC in the villages of Bilalombili and Ngezi. The FARDC was able to protect finalist students who were doing their state exams in Mikenge, but the attacks were still able to kill 7 civilians, rape a girl, wound 8 civilians, and wound a soldier. Livestock were also stolen by the attackers and 250 houses were set ablaze.[51]
8 September Tshabi Area, Ituri Province 23 unknown ADF militants, fleeing military pressure in Beni, stormed the village of Tshabi, killing 23 people.[52]
10 September Tshabi Area, Ituri Province 35 unknown ADF militants once again attacked Tshabi, killing 35 people. It was the second attack in the town in two days. The terrorists assaulted civilians with knives and firearms and destroyed the village.[52]
16 September Lubero, North Kivu 1 1 A worker with the British charity World Vision was killed in an ambush on a humanitarian convoy in Lubero by Mai-Mai militias. The attack also left another injured.[53]
20 September Mbau, Beni territory, North-Kivu 10 unknown ADF rebels killed 10 civilians in the town of Mbau.[54]
20 September Kitoho, Beni Territory 14 2 13 civilians and one FARDC soldier were killed after a raid by the ADF. Another FARDC soldier and civilian were wounded.[55]
24 September Mutuanga, Beni territory, North-Kivu 5 unknown ADF rebels killed 5 civilians in the town of Mutuanga.[56]
25 September Lubumbashi, Haut-Katanga Province 3 (+16) unknown 200 Mai Mai militiamen attack Lubumbashi and beheaded two policemen and a soldier before getting repelled with 16 casualties.[57] Mai-Mai Kata Katanga has also been blamed for the attack.[58]
30 September Ituri province 5 (+6) 4 (+6) Three soldiers and 2 civilians were killed when Front for Patriotic Resistance in Ituri (FRPI) attacked their positions.[59]
3 October Fizi territory, South Kivu 3 2 Three people were killed when a soldier of the Congolese army open fired on a group of people.[60]
5 October Beni territory, North Kivu 6 Unknown At least 6 people were killed when the ADF attack their village in North Kivu.[61]
5 October Mamove locality, Beni Territory 10 unknown 10 civilians were killed after an attack by the ADF and Mai-Mai Kyandenga against the FARDC in Mamove.[62]
16 October Mayanza and Batibi, Ituri province 10 1 10 Civilians were killed and one injured in an attack with machetes in the villages of Mayanza and Batibi by an unknown armed group.[63]
16 October Bakadinda, Irumu Territory, Ituri 14 unknown 14 people were killed due to a conflict between two people groups in Bakadinda.[64]
19 – 21 October Tombwe sector, Mwenga territory and Lulenge sector, Fizi territory 20 (+20) unknown Clashes between the Ngumino-Twigwaneho coalition and Mai-Mai militias lead to the death of 16 Ngumino-Twigwaneho militias, and 4 Mai-Mai militias. The administrator of the Fizi territory reported the death toll to be as high as 40 deaths, including civilians.[65]
20 October Beni, Beni territory, North Kivu 2 0 1,335 prisoners were freed when militants attacked Kangbayi central prison and a military camp that provided security to it. So far at least 20 parishioners have been recaptured. 2 inmates were killed in the attack. The ADF has been blamed for the attack, but the ISCAP claimed responsibility for the attack.[66][67]
20 October Lyakobo neighborhood, Beni city 4 unknown Unidentified armed men who escaped from the Kangbayi central prison killed three men and a woman.[68]
20 October Mbilali, Beni territory 3 unknown Unidentified armed men who escaped from Kangbayi central prison abducted and later killed three men.[69]
20 October Luoyi, North Kivu 3 1 (+3) Three policemen died, and one was wounded while letting artisanal miners escape from a mining site when an unidentified armed group attacked it. Three of the armed men were wounded.[70]
23 October Kibuana, Beni territory 11 unknown 11 bodies were found in Kibuana after an ADF attack.[71]
28 October Baeti village, Oicha, North Kivu 19 0 Suspected ADF militants kill at least 18 people and burn down a church, along with 40 homes in an attack on the village of Baeti near Oicha in North Kivu.[72]
29 October Kukwe, Matungu, Titi, and Buakacha, Walikale territory. 48 unknown The NDC-R killed at least 48 people in the villages of Kukwe, Matungu, Titi, and Buakacha.[73]
30 October village of Lisasa, Beni territory, North Kivu 21 unknown An ADF attack killed 21 people in the village of Lisasa. People were also kidnaped, a health center was looted, homes were set on fire, and a Catholic church was vandalized.[72]
3 November Ezekere, Ituri 5 5 CODECO attacked a FARDC military post in the village of Ezekere and killed 5 soldiers and seriously injured 5 others.[74]
3 November Lumanza, Beni territory 4 unknown The ADF killed 4 men in their fields in the village of Lumanza.[75]
7 November town of Kisima, Beni territory, North Kivu 7 unknown An ADF attack killed 7 people in the village of Kisima.[76]
7 November Lio, Djugu territory, Ituri 4 7 The CODECO attacked the village of Lio and killed 4 people and wounded 7 others. The CODECO then fought with a self-defence group known as Zaire for a couple of hours until the army intervened.[77]
8 November Oicha, Beni territory, North Kivu 6 unknown An ADF attack killed 6 people in Oicha city.[76]
8 November Koga, Ituri 3 unknown FARDC soldiers clashed with the CODECO in Koga and killed 3 civilians. Those soldiers also allegedly burn down the villages of Tsumbr, Gokpa and Satchu, Penyi Groupement, Ituri after the clash.[78]
9 November Mbujimayi, Beni territory 4 unknwon The ADF raided the village of Mbujimayi and killed 4 civilians.[79]
17 November Gety, Walendu Bind chiefdom, Ituri 1 2 FRPI militiamen murdered a man and shot two of his family members.[80]
17 November Virunga National Park 29 unknown 29 bodies were found in Virunga National Park after being killed by ADF terrorists.[81]
17 November Kokola, Beni territory, North Kivu 6 1 6 People were killed after ADF militants attacked the village of Kokola.[81][82]
17 November Baeti-Bunyuka, Batangi-Mbau Groupement 7 unknown ADF killed 7 people in an attack on the village of Baeti-Bunyuka.[83]
19–20 November Kabare territory, South kivu 2 unknown Unidentified gunmen killed a 17-year-old girl and a chiefdom tax collector in Karbare Territory.[84]
21 November Abuluma 1, Wazabho Groupement, Djugu territory 3 unknown 3 people were shot dead when the CODECO attacked the village of Abuluma 1 and looted several houses.[85]
12 December Beni, North Kivu province 6 24 six were killed and 24 kidnaped in an ADF attack.[86]
22 December Bulongo, Kambalango district 5 1 four civilians and one soldier were killed in an ADF attack on the town of Bulongo, two others were injured. Six shops were also damaged by the group.[87]
28 December Losoloso, Beni territory, North Kivu 17 Unknown The ADF attacked army camps in the village of Losoloso, killing 17 soldiers.[88]
30 December bijombo, south kivu 6 Unknown Six civilian were killed by Ngumino and Twiganeho militias in a refugee camp in bijombo, south kivu.[89]
31 December Beni territory, North Kivu 26 unknown 26 civilians were killed when the ADF killed farmers in their feilds.[90][91]

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