2016 Djiboutian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Djibouti on 8 April 2016.[1] Incumbent President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh was re-elected for a fourth term, receiving 87% of the vote in the first round.[2]

2016 Djiboutian presidential election

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  Ismail Omar Guelleh 2018.jpg 3x4.svg
Nominee Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Omar Elmi Khaireh
Party RPP
Alliance UMP USN
Popular vote 111,389 9,385
Percentage 87.07% 7.34%

President before election

Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

Elected President

Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

Electoral systemEdit

The President of Djibouti was elected using the two-round system.[3] After a modification of the constitution in 2010, six year terms were shortened to five year terms and term limits were abolished.[4]


Guelleh, president since 1999, ran for his fourth term in office and was considered likely to win against his six opponents. The Union for the Presidential Majority believed that Guelleh would win a landslide victory and prevent a second round run-off.[4]

The Union for National Salvation (USN), a coalition of seven opposition parties, claimed the election lacked transparency.[5] Three of the seven parties decided to boycott the elections, whilst two others fielded their own candidates, with Mohamed Daoud Chehem and Omar Elmi Khaireh running against each other.[4]

Three independent candidates also ran: Djama Abdourahman Djama, Mohamed Moussa Ali and Hassan Idriss Ahmed.[6]


A team of BBC journalists who had conducted an interview with the Djibouti Foreign Minister and an opposition candidate were detained by the police. The journalists claimed they had proper paperwork to work in the country but were deported after being questioned for eight hours.[7] The BBC has yet to obtain an official statement from the government of Djibouti.[8] Djibouti ranks 170 out of 180 in the Press Freedom Index.[9]


Ismaïl Omar GuellehPeople's Rally for Progress111,38987.07
Omar Elmi KhairehUnion for National Salvation9,3857.34
Mohamed Daoud ChehemUnion for National Salvation2,3401.83
Mohamed Moussa AliIndependent1,9461.52
Hassan Idriss AhmedIndependent1,7701.38
Djama Abdourahman DjamaIndependent1,1030.86
Valid votes127,93397.08
Invalid/blank votes3,8452.92
Total votes131,778100.00
Registered voters/turnout191,10368.96
Source: Présidence de la République de Djibouti


  1. ^ Global elections calendar NDI
  2. ^ Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh wins fourth term BBC News, 9 April 2016
  3. ^ Djibouti IFES
  4. ^ a b c "Djibouti Presidential Election 2016: Guide To Candidates, Key Issues, Rules And Results". International Business Times. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  5. ^ "Djibouti's Guelleh seeks fourth term, opposition candidates doubt integrity of vote". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 2016-04-17. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  6. ^ "Liste des Canditats". CENI. Archived from the original on 2016-04-25. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  7. ^ "Djibouti expels BBC reporters ahead of presidential vote". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  8. ^ "Djibouti expels BBC journalists ahead of tomorrow's elections". Eagle Online. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  9. ^ "2015 World Press Freedom Index". Reporters without Borders. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-04-08.