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The 2013 Lake Grassmere earthquake[2] was a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred at 2:31:05  pm (NZST) on Friday 16 August 2013.[3] The epicentre was located about 10 km south-east of Seddon, under Lake Grassmere, with a focal depth of 8 km. The earthquake caused significant land damage in the local area, with landslips blocking roads, including the main highway between Blenheim and Christchurch. Buildings in Seddon were damaged, with some being declared uninhabitable. The earthquake was widely felt in both the North and South Islands of New Zealand.

2013 Lake Grassmere earthquake
2013 Lake Grassmere earthquake is located in New Zealand
2013 Lake Grassmere earthquake
UTC time2013-08-16 02:31:09
ISC event604020963
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local date16 August 2013 (2013-08-16)
Local time14:31:05 NZST
Magnitude6.6 Mww
Depth8 kilometres (5 mi)
Epicenter41°44′S 174°09′E / 41.73°S 174.15°E / -41.73; 174.15Coordinates: 41°44′S 174°09′E / 41.73°S 174.15°E / -41.73; 174.15
Areas affectedNew Zealand
TsunamiNone
Casualties4 people injured[1]

Contents

EarthquakeEdit

 
USGS Shakemap

This earthquake is considered to be a doublet[4] of a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred in Cook Strait on 21 July 2013 and is thought to have occurred on part of the same complex of faults.[5] It started its own aftershock sequence, with several magnitude 5 and one magnitude 6 earthquakes occurring in the first few hours after the main shock.[4]

AftershocksEdit

The earthquake generated a significant series of aftershocks, the largest of which had a magnitude of 6.0.

Below is a list of all aftershocks magnitudes 5.0 and above that occurred in the region between 16 August 2013 and 5 September 2013.

Date (NZST) Time (NZST) Magnitude (MW) Magnitude (Mb) Magnitude (ML) Epicentre Depth
16 August 2013 2:31:05 pm 6.5[6] 6.0[6] 6.6[7] 10 km southeast of Seddon 8 km
16 August 2013 2:37:27 pm 5.4[8] 5.4[9] 5 km southeast of Seddon 9 km
16 August 2013 2:45:27 pm 5.5[10] 5.1[10] 5.4[11] 10 km southeast of Seddon 6 km
16 August 2013 2:56:27 pm 4.9[12] 5.0[13] 20 km east of Seddon 9 km
16 August 2013 3:09:08 pm 5.9[14] 5.4[14] 5.5[15] 10 km south of Seddon 8 km
16 August 2013 3:21:31 pm 5.1[16] 5.0[17] 10 km south of Seddon 17 km
16 August 2013 3:51:35 pm 5.1[18] 5.2[18] 5.6[19] 10 km east of Seddon 19 km
16 August 2013 5:31:16 pm 5.9[20] 5.8[20] 6.0[21] 15 km east of Seddon 14 km
16 August 2013 5:56:10 pm 5.0[22] 5 km northwest of Seddon 10 km
16 August 2013 5:57:52 pm 4.8[23] 5.1[24] 20 km east of Seddon 5 km
16 August 2013 6:42:40 pm 5.2[25] 20 km east of Seddon 20 km
16 August 2013 6:55:58 pm 5.0[26] 5.5[27] 20 km east of Seddon 20 km
16 August 2013 8:38:54 pm 4.7[28] 4.6[28] 5.2[29] 10 km southeast of Seddon 22 km
17 August 2013 4:13:20 pm 4.8[30] 5.0[31] 15 km southwest of Seddon 20 km
17 August 2013 8:58:39 pm 5.2[32] 5.1[32] 5.5[33] 10 km south of Seddon 20 km
18 August 2013 4:07:52 am 4.6[34] 4.4[34] 5.0[35] 5 km southeast of Seddon 20 km
5 September 2013 12:04:10 am 4.8[36] 5.1[37] 35 km northeast of Seddon 16 km

DamageEdit

In Wellington, the earthquake caused minor damage to buildings, breaking some display windows and cracking plaster. Many central city office workers left work early, and with all suburban train services cancelled for urgent track inspections, bus services overloaded and traffic gridlock occurred on major roads out of the city for a couple of hours. The City Council ordered the deconstruction of a 30-year-old lift shaft that had been damaged in a previous earthquake in July, after recently installed emergency seismic restraints failed. Several surrounding buildings in the fall zone were ordered to be evacuated.

SeddonEdit

The quake caused substantial damage to a number of residential homes in the Seddon area. Eight houses were evacuated by The Marlborough District Council and another 11 allowed only restricted access.

Rest of NZEdit

The quake was felt as far north as Auckland and far south as Dunedin. Damage was reported in the Kapiti Coast, Hutt Valley, Wellington, Blenheim, Ward and the rest of West Upper South Island.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "M 6.6, Lake Grassmere, 16 August 2013 – Earthquake – GeoNet". info.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  2. ^ Fenaughty, Kevin (17 August 2013). "Damaging quake hits the north-east of the South Island". Geonet. GNS Science. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Magnitude 6.6, Friday, August 16, 2013 at 2:31:05 pm (NZST)". GNS Science. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  4. ^ a b "M 6.6 Lake Grassmere Fri, Aug 16 2013". GeoNet. GNS Science. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Little fault blamed for big jolt". Stuff. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  6. ^ a b "M6.5 – 29km SE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  7. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  8. ^ "M5.4 – 25km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  9. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  10. ^ a b "M5.5 – 30km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  11. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  12. ^ "M4.9 – 27km ESE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  13. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  14. ^ a b "M5.9 – 26km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  15. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  16. ^ "M5.1 – 30km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  17. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  18. ^ a b "M5.1 – 27km SE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  19. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  20. ^ a b "M5.9 – 30km ESE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  21. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  22. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  23. ^ "M4.8 – 35km ESE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  24. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  25. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  26. ^ "M5.0 – 33km ESE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  27. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  28. ^ a b "M4.7 – 28km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  29. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  30. ^ "M4.8 – 29km S of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  31. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  32. ^ a b "M5.2 – 29km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  33. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  34. ^ a b "M4.6 – 31km SSE of Blenheim, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  35. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  36. ^ "M4.8 – 34km SW of Brooklyn, New Zealand". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  37. ^ "GeoNet – Quakes". www.geonet.org.nz. Retrieved 11 December 2015.

External linksEdit