2011 Guyanese general election

General elections were held in Guyana on 28 November 2011.[1] The result was a victory for the People's Progressive Party, which won 32 of the 65 seats.[2] Thus even though the combined parliamentary opposition, consisting of the A Partnership for National Unity coalition (APNU) and the Alliance for Change (AFC), managed to secure an absolute majority of 33 seats, as they had not run as a single list it was Donald Ramotar of the PPP (the largest single party) who assumed the presidency, and not David A. Granger of the PNC (which heads the opposition).

2011 Guyanese general election

← 2006 28 November 2011 2015 →

All 65 seats in the National Assembly
33 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Donald Ramotar.png David Arthur Granger (21605566518) (cropped).jpg Khemraj Ramjattan (cropped).jpg
Candidate Donald Ramotar David A. Granger Khemraj Ramjattan
Party PPP PNC AFC
Alliance None APNU None
Last election 54.6%, 36 seats 34.0%, 22 seats (PNC only) 8.4%, 5 seats
Seats won
32 / 65
26 / 65
7 / 65
Seat change Decrease4 Increase3 Increase2
Popular vote 166,340 139,678 35,333
Percentage 48.6% 40.81% 10.32%

National Assembly seat distribution.PNG

President before election

Bharrat Jagdeo
PPP

Elected President

Donald Ramotar
PPP

Electoral systemEdit

The 65 members of the National Assembly were elected by closed list proportional representation in two groups; 25 members were elected from the 10 electoral districts based on the regions, and 40 elected from a single nationwide constituency.[3] Seats were allocated using the Hare quota.

The President was elected by a first-past-the-post double simultaneous vote system, whereby each list nominated a presidential candidate and the presidential election itself was won by the candidate of the list having a plurality.[3]

Presidential candidatesEdit

The ruling People's Progressive Party nominated Donald Ramotar, the party's general secretary and advisor to outgoing President Bharrat Jagdeo.[2] A Partnership for National Unity (an alliance of the People's National Congress, the Guyana Action Party and the Working People's Alliance)[4] nominated David A. Granger, a former commander of the Guyana Defence Force. The Alliance for Change did not join the APNU, and opted to run alone, fielding party leader Khemraj Ramjattan as its presidential candidate.[3] The United Force nominated Peter Persaud as its presidential candidates following a leadership dispute.[3]

Police protectionEdit

Election Day, November 28 was declared a national holiday and troops patrolled the streets in order to prevent violence as had happened in previous elections.

ResultsEdit

PartyPresidential
candidate
Votes%Seats
ConstituencyTop-upTotal+/–
People's Progressive PartyDonald Ramotar166,34048.60131932–4
A Partnership for National UnityDavid Granger139,67840.81101626+3
Alliance for ChangeKhemraj Ramjattan35,33310.32257+2
The United ForcePeter Persaud8850.26000–1
Total342,236100.002540650
Valid votes342,23698.71
Invalid/blank votes4,4811.29
Total votes346,717100.00
Registered voters/turnout475,49672.92
Source: GECOM, Commonwealth Observer Group

By regionEdit

Region APNU PPP AFC TUF Hare
quota
Total
votes
Total
seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes %
Barima-Waini 887 17.06 1 3,472 66.77 1 786 15.12 0 55 1.06 2,600 5,200 2
Pomeroon-Supenaam 3,287 18.28 0 12,555 69.83 2 2,086 11.60 0 51 0.28 8,990 17,979 2
Essequibo Islands-West Demerara 14,028 27.58 1 33,424 65.71 2 3,343 6.57 0 70 0.14 16,955 50,865 3
Demerara-Mahaica 84,828 54.20 4 60,851 38.88 3 10,635 6.79 0 201 0.13 22,359 156,515 7
Mahaica-Berbice 8,906 34.83 1 13,558 53.02 1 3,079 12.04 0 29 0.11 12,786 25,572 2
East Berbice-Corentyne 10,798 19.68 0 32,360 58.97 2 11,634 21.20 1 83 0.15 18,292 54,875 3
Cuyuni-Mazaruni 2,843 48.95 1 2,376 40.91 1 505 8.69 0 84 1.45 2,904 5,808 2
Potaro-Siparuni 739 28.75 0 741 28.83 0 995 38.72 1 95 3.70 2,570 2,570 1
Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo 2,004 27.57 0 4,135 56.89 1 946 13.02 0 183 2.52 7,268 7,268 1
Upper Demerara-Berbice 11,358 72.88 2 2,868 18.40 0 1,324 8.50 0 34 0.22 7,792 15,584 2
National Assembly top up 139,678 40.81 16 166,340 48.60 19 35,333 10.32 5 885 0.26 5,265 342,236 65
Source: GECOM Guyana Election Law

AftermathEdit

The PPP won for the fifth straight time, but with a minority government. PPP candidate Donald Ramotar was elected President, but the opposition parties won a majority in the National Assembly.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Opposition parties warn GECOM about pitfalls of re-opening registration". Demerara Waves. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  2. ^ a b Guyana governing party's Donald Ramotar wins election BBC News, 1 December 2011
  3. ^ a b c d Report of the Commonwealth Observer Group - GUYANA NATIONAL AND REGIONAL ELECTIONS, 28 November 2011
  4. ^ About APNU APNU