2009 Baraawe raid

2009 Baraawe raid
Part of Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa
Date14 September 2009
Location1°06′48″N 44°01′49″E / 1.11333°N 44.03028°E / 1.11333; 44.03028
Result Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan killed
Belligerents
 United States al-Qaeda
al-Shabaab
Casualties and losses
None 6 killed

The Baraawe raid, code named Operation Celestial Balance, was a helicopter assault by United States Special Operations Forces against the al-Qaeda-linked terrorist Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan and associated al-Shabaab militants near the town of Baraawe in southern Somalia.

BackgroundEdit

Nabhan was the facilitator between al-Qaeda and al-Shabaab, he had been wanted by the United States since 2006, as he was a member of the east-African al-Qaeda cell responsible for several terrorist attacks in East Africa, including the 1998 United States embassy bombings and the 2002 Mombasa attacks.[1][2] In 2007, in the midst of the Battle of Ras Kamboni, Nabhan was unsuccessfully targeted by an American military airstrike in the town of Ras Kamboni.[3][4]

A long-Running CIA CTC/SAD operation that hunted for the individual for a number of years, recruiting a network of Somali agents and paying off Somali warlords for information on the location of Nabhan and his associates. A team from the ISA began getting a precise location of the target from cell phone intercepts and surveillance from both short-range US Navy Scan Eagle UAVs and long range CIA Predators.[5]

CIA and JSOC planners presented President Obama with 4 options: a Tomahawk cruise missile strike, an airstrike, an attack by Little Bird helicopters or an attempt to capture the target with an assault force of SEALs. Obama picked the airstrike option as it limited the any potential collateral damage and the chances of US casualties.[6]

RaidEdit

On the day of the operation, Nabhan was seen traveling in a two-car convoy from the southern coastal town of Barawe, this was reportedly the best opportunity to target him as he would be away from civilian population, particularly as the convoy had stopped for breakfast.[7] As a USMC AV-8B approached its release point, it reported a malfunction in its targeting system; so 4 helicopters (2 AH-6M Little Birds and 2 MH-6M Little Birds) piloted by members of the 160th SOAR, carrying a team of SEALs from DEVGRU launched from a Navy Ship off-shore. The AH-6s strafed the two-vehicle convoy, killing Nabhan and 3 al-Shabaab terrorists, the MH-6s dropped off the DEVGRU operators who cleared the vehicles and recovered Nabhan's body.[8] The DEVGRU operatives placed the bodies of the four terrorists in body bags and loaded them onto their helicopters. The DEVGRU operatives extracted onto the helicopters and returned to their naval vessels.[9] CBS News reported that two other wounded militants were also captured.[10][11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Neville, Leigh, Special Forces in the War on Terror (General Military), Osprey Publishing, 2015 ISBN 978-1-4728-0790-8,p.282
  2. ^ "Profile: Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan". BBC News. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  3. ^ Mohamed, Guled (2007-01-09). "'Many dead' in U.S. strike at al Qaeda in Somalia". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  4. ^ "Somali raids miss terror suspects". BBC News. 2007-01-11. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  5. ^ Neville, Leigh, Special Forces in the War on Terror (General Military), Osprey Publishing, 2015 ISBN 978-1-4728-0790-8,p.282
  6. ^ Neville, Leigh, Special Forces in the War on Terror (General Military), Osprey Publishing, 2015 ISBN 978-1-4728-0790-8,p.282
  7. ^ "Raid killed top Somali Qaeda member". Al Arabiya. 15 September 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
  8. ^ Naylor, Sean (September 2015). Relentless Strike: The Secret History of Joint Special Operations Command. ISBN 9781466876224.
  9. ^ "Sea Stories: My Life in Special Operations" by Admiral William H. McRaven chapter 15.
  10. ^ "Al Qaeda Death a Blow to Terror Group". CBS News. 16 September 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
  11. ^ "Relentless Strike: The Secret History of Joint Special Operations Command" by Sean Naylor chapter 28.