2009 Afghanistan–Iran clash

On 23 April 2009, a clash erupted between the border guards of Afghanistan and Iran in Nimroz province near the Afghanistan–Iran border. One Iranian border guard was killed in the clash and another border guard was captured by the Afghan border police.[2] According to General Saifullah Hakim, head of Afghanistan's border police in Nimroz, the cause of the clash was the incursion by the Iranian border guards into the Tang district of Nimroz province.[1] Iran's Press TV also confirmed that a clash took place between the border guards of two countries and one Iranian soldier was killed while another was captured in the clash.[2]

2009 Afghanistan–Iran clashes
Nimruz in Afghanistan.svg
Map of Afghanistan's Nimruz province where the clashes took place
Date23 April 2009
Result Status quo ante bellum
Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
Commanders and leaders
Iran Unknown Islamic Republic of Afghanistan General Saifullah Hakim[1]
Units involved
Border Guard Command Afghan Border Police
Casualties and losses
1 soldier killed[2]
1 soldier captured[2]

The two countries had also previously clashed in 2007 and 2008 and later on in 2021.[3][4]


Afghanistan and Iran share a long and porous border which the smugglers use to traffic drugs into Iran. Many Afghan also illegally cross the border to enter Iran.[4] The activity of smugglers along the Afghanistan–Iran border are a source of bilateral tensions between the two countries.[5] Border clashes between the border guards of the two countries are common in the area.[4][6]


General Saifullah Hakim, head of Afghanistan's border police in Nimroz, told Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty that the Iranian border guards had ignored the warnings issued by the Afghan forces after they illegally crossed the border into Afghanistan and entered the Tang district of Nimroz.[1] In the resulting shoot-out with Afghan border police in Tang district, one Iranian border guard was killed while another was captured. General Hakim says that this has been acknowledged by the Iranian officials and the detained soldier along with the body of the deceased soldier will be returned to Iran.[1] Iran's Press TV also reported the death one Iranian soldier and the capture of the other by the Afghan border police.[2][7]

The Taliban InterferenceEdit

In the city of Dust Mohamed, the Taliban border patrol ordered an attack on the city which was a part of a joint-operation with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and they order a small army to plan and take the city, that afternoon, Irani forces were ordered to recapture the border checkpoints and this was quote on quote a threat to national security. In the next day in the early morning, leaders from both sides began to negotiate what happened. They agreed to not threaten security.

Previous clashesEdit

On 8 March 2007, one Afghan and one Iranian border guard were killed in an armed clash along the Afghanistan–Iran border. The clash also left one border guard injured on both sides.[1][3]

On 20 April 2008, an armed clash between the border guards of two countries left one Afghan civilian dead and two Iranian officers wounded.[4][8][6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e "Iranian Killed In Iran-Afghan Border Clash". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 23 April 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Iranian killed in Iran-Afghan border clash-report". Reuters. 23 April 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Afghan, Iranian Security Forces Clash On Border". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 9 March 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d "Iranian, Afghan forces clash along border". TODAY.com. 20 April 2008.
  5. ^ Gul, Ayaz (1 December 2021). "Taliban, Iran Say Misunderstanding Sparked Brief Border Clashes". VOA.
  6. ^ a b "Iranian, Afghan forces clash at southwestern border, 1 civilian killed". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. 21 April 2008.
  7. ^ "Iran, Afghan border guards clashed-Iran's Press TV". Reuters. 23 April 2009.
  8. ^ "Iranian, Afghan forces clash along border". NBC News. 20 April 2008.