2000 Speaker of the British House of Commons election

The 2000 election of the Speaker of the House of Commons occurred on 23 October 2000 following the retirement of Betty Boothroyd as Speaker. The election resulted in the election of Labour MP Michael Martin, who had served as Deputy Speaker since 1997. It was the first contested election since 27 April 1992.

2000 Speaker of the British House of Commons election

← 1992 23 October 2000 2009 →
  Michael Martin MP (cropped).jpg
Candidate Michael Martin
Party Labour
Constituency Glasgow North East
Final round 370
Percentage 97.9%

Speaker before election

Betty Boothroyd
Labour

Elected Speaker

Michael Martin
Labour

CandidatesEdit

Nominated candidatesEdit

Candidate who withdrewEdit

ElectionEdit

This was the last Speaker election to be conducted by means of a conventional parliamentary motion with recorded votes on an amendment for each candidate. With an unusually large number of candidates, a significant number of MPs spoke in favour of switching to a less time-consuming procedure, but Sir Edward Heath, who was presiding in his capacity as Father of the House, declined to allow a vote on this issue.

The repeated ballots took nearly six hours. Each candidate gave their own speech of submission to the will of the House, having each been nominated and seconded by Members in separate speeches. Martin was the front runner going into the ballot and was never in any danger of losing during the election, winning every ballot by at least 76 votes.[1]

As a result of this election, the rules for electing a Speaker were changed the following year to a use a secret and exhaustive ballot. This procedure was first used in the Speaker election of 2009.

ResultsEdit

Under the old system for electing Speakers of the House of Commons, a candidate would be nominated and seconded, and alternative candidates would be offered as 'amendments' to that initial motion. In 2000, 11 candidates stepped forward, leading Sir Edward Heath, presiding in his capacity as Father of the House, to have the candidates voted on two at a time. He called Michael Martin to be nominated first. In the event, no candidate was able to surpass Martin in any of the ballots, and once all Martin's opponents had been eliminated from the contest, the original motion that he be elected Speaker was met with some audible opposition. A division was therefore held, but the motion was approved by 370 votes to 8. Martin was thus elected Speaker.[1]

Winner Loser
Michael Martin: 345 (71.1%) Sir Alan Haselhurst: 140 (28.9%)
Michael Martin: 409 (83.1%) Alan Beith: 83 (16.9%)
Michael Martin: 341 (66.7%) Gwyneth Dunwoody: 170 (33.3%)
Michael Martin: 317 (56.8%) Sir George Young: 241 (43.2%)
Michael Martin: 381 (79.5%) Menzies Campbell: 98 (20.5%)
Michael Martin: 257 (57.2%) David Clark: 192 (42.8%)
Michael Martin: 340 (74.6%) Nicholas Winterton: 116 (25.4%)
Michael Martin: 309 (91.2%) John McWilliam: 30 (8.8%)
Michael Martin: 290 (66.5%) Michael Lord: 146 (33.5%)
Michael Martin: 287 (68.8%) Sir Patrick Cormack: 130 (31.2%)
Michael Martin: 282 (67.5%) Richard Shepherd: 136 (32.5%)
Michael Martin: 370 (97.9%) Against: 8 (2.1%)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b White, Michael (24 October 2000). "Ex-shop steward Martin is Speaker". the Guardian.

External linksEdit