2,2-Dimethoxypropane

2,2-Dimethoxypropane (DMP) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2C(OCH3)2. A colorless liquid, it is the product of the condensation of acetone and methanol. DMP is used as a water scavenger in water-sensitive reactions. Upon acid-catalyzed reaction, DMP reacts quantitatively with water to form acetone and methanol.[2] This property can be used to accurately determine the amount of water in a sample, alternatively to Karl Fischer method.[3]

2,2-Dimethoxypropane[1]
2,2-Dimethoxypropane Structural Formula V1.svg
2,2-dimethoxypropane ball view
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2,2-Dimethoxypropane
Other names
acetone dimethyl acetal
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.961 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 201-056-0
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C5H12O2/c1-5(2,6-3)7-4/h1-4H3
    Key: HEWZVZIVELJPQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CC(C)(OC)OC
Properties
C5H12O2
Molar mass 104.15 g/mol
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.85 g/cm3
Melting point −47 °C (−53 °F; 226 K)
Boiling point 83 °C (181 °F; 356 K)
15 g/L (20 °C)
Hazards
Safety data sheet External MSDS
GHS pictograms GHS02: FlammableGHS07: Harmful
GHS Signal word Danger
H225, H315, H319, H335
P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+352, P303+361+353, P304+340, P305+351+338, P312, P321, P332+313, P337+313, P362, P370+378, P403+233, P403+235, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

DMP is specifically used to prepare acetonides:[4][5]

RCHOHCHOHCH2 + (MeO)2CMe2 → RCHCHCH2O2CMe2 + 2 MeOH

Dimethoxypropane is an intermediate for the synthesis of 2-methoxypropene.

In histology, DMP is used for the dehydration of animal tissue.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2,2-Dimethoxypropane at Sigma-Aldrich
  2. ^ Critchfield, F. E.; Bishop, E. T. (1961). "Water determination by reaction with 2, 2-dimethoxypropane". Anal. Chem. 33 (8): 1034. doi:10.1021/ac60176a051.
  3. ^ Martin, J. H.; Knevel, A. M. (1965). "Gas chromatographic method of moisture determination". J. Pharm. Sci. 54 (10): 1464–7. doi:10.1002/jps.2600541013. PMID 5883217.
  4. ^ Christopher R. Schmid; Jerry D. Bryant (1995). "D-(R)-Glyceraldehyde Acetonide". Org. Synth. 72: 6. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.072.0006.
  5. ^ Christian Hubschwerlen; Jean-luc Specklin; J. Higelin (1995). "L-(S)-glyceraldehyde Acetonide". Org. Synth. 72: 1. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.072.0001.
  6. ^ Poul Prentø (1978). "Rapid dehydration--clearing with 2,2-dimethoxypropane for paraffin embedding". J. Histochem. Cytochem. 26 (10): 865. doi:10.1177/26.10.363931. PMID 363931.

External linksEdit