1999 Aragonese regional election

The 1999 Aragonese regional election was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, to elect the 5th Cortes of the autonomous community of Aragon. All 67 seats in the Cortes were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain, as well as the 1999 European Parliament election.

1999 Aragonese regional election

← 1995 13 June 1999 2003 →

All 67 seats in the Cortes of Aragon
34 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered1,017,735 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.4%
Turnout657,464 (64.6%)
Red Arrow Down.svg6.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Santiago Lanzuela 1996 (cropped).jpg Marcelino Iglesias 2010 (cropped).jpg José María Aznar recibe al presidente del Partido Aragonés Regionalista (cropped).jpg
Leader Santiago Lanzuela Marcelino Iglesias José María Mur
Party PP PSOE PAR
Leader since 24 September 1993 15 February 1995 1995
Leader's seat Zaragoza Zaragoza Zaragoza
Last election 27 seats, 37.5% 19 seats, 25.7% 14 seats, 20.4%
Seats won 28 23 10
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4 Red Arrow Down.svg4
Popular vote 249,458 201,117 86,519
Percentage 38.2% 30.8% 13.3%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.7 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.1 pp Red Arrow Down.svg7.1 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Chesús Bernal en la noche electoral de 1995.jpg Portrait placeholder.svg
Leader Chesús Bernal Jesús Lacasa
Party CHA IU
Leader since 29 June 1986 1998
Leader's seat Zaragoza Zaragoza
Last election 2 seats, 4.8% 5 seats, 9.2%
Seats won 5 1
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3 Red Arrow Down.svg4
Popular vote 72,101 25,040
Percentage 11.0% 3.9%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6.2 pp Red Arrow Down.svg5.3 pp

AragonProvinceMapCortes1999.png
Constituency results map for the Cortes of Aragon

President before election

Santiago Lanzuela
PP

Elected President

Marcelino Iglesias
PSOE

The election saw increases in both vote share and seats for the People's Party (PP), which had formed the Government of Aragon since 1995, and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). The Aragonese Party (PAR) continued its long-term decline from its peak at the 1987 election while on the left, Chunta Aragonesista (CHA) gained most of United Left (IU) former support, which lost 4 of its 5 seats.

Despite winning the election and gaining one seat from 1995, the PP went into opposition as incumbent President of Aragon Santiago Lanzuela was unable to gather the support from his former coalition partner the PAR. Instead, the PAR supported Socialist Marcelino Iglesias as new regional President, entering into a coalition administration with the PSOE.[1]

OverviewEdit

Electoral systemEdit

The Cortes of Aragon were the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Aragon, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Aragonese Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[2] Voting for the Cortes was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Aragon and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 67 members of the Cortes of Aragon were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[3] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Huesca, Teruel and Zaragoza. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 13 seats, with the remaining 28 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations on the condition that the seat to population ratio in the most populated province did not exceed 2.75 times that of the least populated one.[2][4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[4][5][6]

Election dateEdit

The term of the Cortes of Aragon expired four years after the date of their previous election. Elections to the Cortes were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. Legal amendments introduced in 1998 allowed for these to be held together with European Parliament elections, provided that they were scheduled for within a four month-timespan. The previous election was held on 28 May 1995, setting the election date for the Cortes concurrently with a European Parliament election on Sunday, 13 June 1999.[2][4][5][6]

After legal amendments in 1996, the President of the Government was granted the prerogative to dissolve the Cortes of Aragon and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met: namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Cortes were to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[2][7]

Opinion pollsEdit

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 34 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Cortes of Aragon.

ResultsEdit

OverallEdit

Summary of the 13 June 1999 Cortes of Aragon election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 249,458 38.21 +0.71 28 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 201,117 30.81 +5.09 23 +4
Aragonese Party (PAR) 86,519 13.25 –7.18 10 –4
Aragonese Union (CHA) 72,101 11.04 +6.19 5 +3
United Left of Aragon (IU) 25,040 3.86 –5.36 1 –4
SOS Nature (SOS) 3,621 0.55 +0.42 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 982 0.15 New 0 ±0
Upper Aragonese Territory Regenerationist Group (ARTA) 373 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 13,599 2.08 +0.50
Total 652,810 67 ±0
Valid votes 652,810 99.29 –0.11
Invalid votes 4,654 0.71 +0.11
Votes cast / turnout 657,464 64.60 –6.52
Abstentions 360,271 35.40 +6.52
Registered voters 1,017,735
Sources[8][9]
Popular vote
PP
38.21%
PSOE
30.81%
PAR
13.25%
CHA
11.04%
IU
3.84%
Others
0.76%
Blank ballots
2.08%
Seats
PP
41.79%
PSOE
34.33%
PAR
14.93%
CHA
7.46%
IU
1.49%

Distribution by constituencyEdit

Constituency PP PSOE PAR CHA IU
% S % S % S % S % S
Huesca 33.8 7 34.2 7 16.1 3 9.0 1 3.4
Teruel 40.2 7 31.6 5 17.7 3 4.3 4.1
Zaragoza 39.0 14 29.8 11 11.7 4 12.8 4 3.9 1
Total 38.2 28 30.8 23 13.3 10 11.0 5 3.9 1
Sources[8][9]

AftermathEdit

Investiture
Marcelino Iglesias (PSOE)
Ballot → 29 July 1999
Required majority → 34 out of 67  Y
Yes
34 / 67
No
  • PP (28)
28 / 67
Abstentions
5 / 67
Absentees
0 / 67
Sources[9]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Within PP.

ReferencesEdit

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "El PP volverá a necesitar a los regionalistas del PA para gobernar". ABC (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
  2. ^ "Los populares necesitarán pactar de nuevo". El País (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
  3. ^ "Aragón: PP y PAR, obligados a entenderse". El Mundo (in Spanish). 1 June 1999.
  4. ^ "ELECCIONES 13-J /BALANCE DE LAS ENCUESTAS". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 June 1999.
  5. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas y municipales, 1999. Comunidad Autónoma de Aragón (Estudio nº 2326. Mayo 1999)". CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
  6. ^ "Estudio CIS nº 2326. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
  7. ^ "Bono e Ibarra repiten y el PSOE recuperará Asturias". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 1999.
Other
  1. ^ "Votes from PAR and IU give Socialist Iglesias the presidency of Aragon" (in Spanish). El País. 1999-07-30.
  2. ^ a b c d "Statute of Autonomy of Aragon of 1982". Organic Law No. 8 of 10 August 1982. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  3. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Autonomous Community of Aragon Electoral Law of 1987". Law No. 2 of 12 February 1987. Official Gazette of Aragon (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". www.juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Statute of Autonomy of Aragon Reform of 1996". Organic Law No. 5 of 30 December 1996. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Cortes of Aragon election results, 13 June 1999" (PDF). www.juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Aragon. 2 July 1999. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Elecciones a las Cortes de Aragón (1983 - 2019)". Historia Electoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2017.