1999 Aragonese regional election
The 1999 Aragonese regional election was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, to elect the 5th Cortes of the autonomous community of Aragon. All 67 seats in the Cortes were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain, as well as the 1999 European Parliament election.
All 67 seats in the Cortes of Aragon
34 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Cortes of Aragon
The election saw increases in both vote share and seats for the People's Party (PP), which had formed the Government of Aragon since 1995, and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). The Aragonese Party (PAR) continued its long-term decline from its peak at the 1987 election while on the left, Chunta Aragonesista (CHA) gained most of United Left (IU) former support, which lost 4 of its 5 seats.
Despite winning the election and gaining one seat from 1995, the PP went into opposition as incumbent President of Aragon Santiago Lanzuela was unable to gather the support from his former coalition partner the PAR. Instead, the PAR supported Socialist Marcelino Iglesias as new regional President, entering into a coalition administration with the PSOE.
The Cortes of Aragon were the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Aragon, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Aragonese Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government. Voting for the Cortes was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Aragon and in full enjoyment of their political rights.
The 67 members of the Cortes of Aragon were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Huesca, Teruel and Zaragoza. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 13 seats, with the remaining 28 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations on the condition that the seat to population ratio in the most populated province did not exceed 2.75 times that of the least populated one.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
The term of the Cortes of Aragon expired four years after the date of their previous election. Elections to the Cortes were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. Legal amendments introduced in 1998 allowed for these to be held together with European Parliament elections, provided that they were scheduled for within a four month-timespan. The previous election was held on 28 May 1995, setting the election date for the Cortes concurrently with a European Parliament election on Sunday, 13 June 1999.
After legal amendments in 1996, the President of the Government was granted the prerogative to dissolve the Cortes of Aragon and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met: namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Cortes were to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.
The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 34 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Cortes of Aragon.
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Fieldwork date||Sample size||Turnout||Lead|
|1999 regional election||13 Jun 1999||N/A||64.6||38.2
|Eco Consulting/ABC[p 1]||24 May–2 Jun 1999||?||?||36.7
|Demoscopia/El País[p 2]||26 May–1 Jun 1999||?||70||38.0
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 3][p 4]||20–26 May 1999||800||?||40.4
|CIS[p 5][p 6][p 7]||3–20 May 1999||1,334||70.8||38.3
|1996 general election||3 Mar 1996||N/A||77.5||47.9
|1995 regional election||28 May 1995||N/A||71.1||37.5
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|People's Party (PP)||249,458||38.21||+0.71||28||+1|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||201,117||30.81||+5.09||23||+4|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||86,519||13.25||–7.18||10||–4|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||72,101||11.04||+6.19||5||+3|
|United Left of Aragon (IU)||25,040||3.86||–5.36||1||–4|
|SOS Nature (SOS)||3,621||0.55||+0.42||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||982||0.15||New||0||±0|
|Upper Aragonese Territory Regenerationist Group (ARTA)||373||0.06||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||657,464||64.60||–6.52|
Distribution by constituencyEdit
Marcelino Iglesias (PSOE)
|Ballot →||29 July 1999|
|Required majority →||34 out of 67|
34 / 67
28 / 67
5 / 67
0 / 67
- Within PP.
- Opinion poll sources
- "El PP volverá a necesitar a los regionalistas del PA para gobernar". ABC (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
- "Los populares necesitarán pactar de nuevo". El País (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
- "Aragón: PP y PAR, obligados a entenderse". El Mundo (in Spanish). 1 June 1999.
- "ELECCIONES 13-J /BALANCE DE LAS ENCUESTAS". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 June 1999.
- "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas y municipales, 1999. Comunidad Autónoma de Aragón (Estudio nº 2326. Mayo 1999)". CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
- "Estudio CIS nº 2326. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
- "Bono e Ibarra repiten y el PSOE recuperará Asturias". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 1999.
- "Votes from PAR and IU give Socialist Iglesias the presidency of Aragon" (in Spanish). El País. 1999-07-30.
- "Statute of Autonomy of Aragon of 1982". Organic Law No. 8 of 10 August 1982. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Autonomous Community of Aragon Electoral Law of 1987". Law No. 2 of 12 February 1987. Official Gazette of Aragon (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". www.juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Statute of Autonomy of Aragon Reform of 1996". Organic Law No. 5 of 30 December 1996. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- "Cortes of Aragon election results, 13 June 1999" (PDF). www.juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Aragon. 2 July 1999. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- "Elecciones a las Cortes de Aragón (1983 - 2019)". Historia Electoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2017.