1992 Guyanese general election

General elections were held in Guyana on 5 October 1992.[1] They were the first free and fair elections since 1964.[2] The People's Progressive Party ended the People's National Congress' 28-year rule, winning 28 of the 53 seats and 53.5% of the vote. Voter turnout was 80.4%.[1]

1992 Guyanese general election

← 1985 5 October 1992 1997 →

53 of the 65 seats in the National Assembly
33 seats needed for a majority
Registered384,195
Turnout308,842 (88.70%)
  First party Second party
  President Cheddi Jagan.png Desmond Hoyte.jpg
Candidate Cheddi Jagan Desmond Hoyte
Party PPP PNC
Seats won
32 / 65
31 / 65
Seat change Increase24 Decrease23
Popular vote 162,058 128,286
Percentage 53.45% 42.31%

1992 Guyanese general election results by region.svg
Results by district

President before election

Desmond Hoyte
PNC

Elected President

Cheddi Jagan
PPP

Electoral systemEdit

The National Assembly had 65 members; 53 elected by proportional representation in a nationwide constituency, 10 appointed by the Regional Councils elected on the same date as the national members, and 2 appointed by the National Congress of Local Democratic Organs, an umbrella body representing the regional councils.[3][4]

The President was elected by a first-past-the-post double simultaneous vote system, whereby each list nominated a presidential candidate and the presidential election itself was won by the candidate of the list having a plurality.[3]

ResultsEdit

PartyPresidential
candidate
Votes%Seats
ElectedRegional
appointees
NCLDO
appointees
Total+/–
People's Progressive PartyCheddi Jagan162,05853.45284032+24
People's National CongressDesmond Hoyte128,28642.31236231–23
Working People's AllianceClive Y. Thomas6,0862.0110010
United ForceManzoor Nadir3,1831.051001–1
Democratic Labour MovementPaul Tennassee1,5570.5100000
United Republican PartyLeslie Ramsammy1,3430.4400000
People's Democratic MovementLlewelyn John2700.0900000
Union of Guyanese InternationalLindley GeBorde1340.0400000
National Republican PartyRobert Gangadeen1140.0400000
United Workers PartyWinston Payne770.0300000
National Democratic FrontJoseph Bacchus680.0200000
Total303,176100.0053102650
Valid votes303,17698.17
Invalid/blank votes5,6661.83
Total votes308,842100.00
Registered voters/turnout348,19588.70
Source: Nohlen, IPU, Carter Center

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p363 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p357
  3. ^ a b "Guyana's new Constitution and the elections of 1980: A case of people's power?", Rajendra Chandisingh
  4. ^ Carter Center report on the 1992 Guyanese elections