1982 Ometepec earthquake

The 1982 Ometepec earthquake that struck Mexico's southwestern coast near Ometepec (Guerrero) on 7 June was a doublet earthquake that ruptured in two steps. The first happened at 06:52 UTC, the second five hours later at 10:59 UTC. Estimated magnitudes are 6.9 and 7.0 on the Ms scale, and 5.8 and 6.0 on the mb scale.[9] The maximum Mercalli intensities were VII and VIII, respectively.[10]

1982 Ometepec earthquake
1982 Ometepec earthquake is located in Mexico
1982 Ometepec earthquake
UTC timeDoublet earthquake:    
 A: 1982-06-07 06:52:34
 B: 1982-06-07 10:59:38
ISC event 
 A: 596705
 B: 596720
USGS-ANSS 
 A: ComCat
 B: ComCat
Local date7 June 1982
Magnitude 
 A: 5.8 mb;[1]
6.9 Ms[2]
 B: 6.0 mb;[3]
7.0 Ms[4]
DepthA: 19.4 km[5]
B: 19.9 km;[6] 33.8 km[7]
Epicenter16°31′N 98°15′W / 16.51°N 98.25°W / 16.51; -98.25
Areas affectedMexico
Max. intensityA: MMI VII (Very strong)

B: MMI VIII (Severe)
Casualties9 dead[8]

Mexico's southwestern coast is parallel to the 3,000 km (1,900 mi) Middle America Trench (MAT), where the oceanic Cocos plate (a remnant of the ancient Farallon plate) is being subducted under the North American plate, resulting in many major earthquakes.[11] Most earthquakes observed in this region are similar to earthquakes seen at other subduction zones, but in the vicinity of Ometepec they tend to occur as doublets.[12] This earthquake is unique in being (circa 2013) the "best documented doublet and for which near and teleseismic data are available", and has been extensively studied.[13]

The interruption of the main rupture that results in a doublet earthquake has been attributed to "asperities", patches in the fault where harder rock resists immediate rupture. However, study of this earthquake's aftershocks shows a discontinuity in their spatial distribution.[14] This has been interpreted as indicating a split in the subducting plate, where the plate is subducting at slightly different down angles on either side of the split.[15]

Notes edit

  1. ^ ISC-EHB Event 596705 [IRIS].
  2. ^ Astiz & Kanamori 1984.
  3. ^ ISC-EHB Event 596720 [IRIS].
  4. ^ Astiz & Kanamori 1984.
  5. ^ ISC-EHB Event 596705 [IRIS].
  6. ^ ISC-EHB Event 596720 [IRIS].
  7. ^ ANSS: Mexico 1982b .
  8. ^ "Event: OAXACA, MEXICO". ngdc.noaa.gov.
  9. ^ ISC-EHB Event 596705 [IRIS]. ISC-EHB Event 596720 [IRIS]. Astiz & Kanamori 1984.
  10. ^ ANSS: Mexico 1982a, ShakeMap . ANSS: Mexico 1982b, ShakeMap .
  11. ^ Astiz & Kanamori 1984, p. 26.
  12. ^ Yamamoto et al. 2013, p. 375.
  13. ^ Yamamoto et al. 2013, p. 379.
  14. ^ Yamamoto, Quintanar & Jiménez 2002, p. 131.
  15. ^ Yamamoto, Quintanar & Jiménez 2002, p. 138.

Sources edit

  • Yamamoto, Jaime; González-Moran, Tomas; Quintanar, Luis; Zavaleta, Ana B.; Zamora, Araceli; Espindola, Victor H. (January 2013), "Seismic patterns of the Guerrero–Oaxaca, Mexico region, and its relationship to the continental margin structure", Geophysical Journal International, 192 (1): 375–389, Bibcode:2013GeoJI.192..375Y, doi:10.1093/gji/ggs025.

See also edit