1978 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships

The 1978 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships (1978 WJHC) was the second edition Ice Hockey World Junior Championship and was held from December 22, 1977, until January 3, 1978. The tournament was held in Canada, mainly in Montreal and Quebec City. The Soviet Union won its second consecutive gold medal, while Sweden won the silver, and Canada the bronze.

1978 IIHF World U20 Championship
Tournament details
Host country Canada
DatesDecember 22, 1977 –
January 3, 1978
Teams8
Venue(s)5 (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg Soviet Union (2nd title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg Sweden
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg Canada
Fourth place Czechoslovakia
Tournament statistics
Matches played25
Goals scored248 (9.92 per match)
Attendance41,681 (1,667 per match)
Scoring leader(s)Canada Wayne Gretzky
(17 points)
1977
1979

Final standingsEdit

The 1978 tournament divided participants into two divisions of four teams, each playing three games. The top two teams in each division advanced to the medal round (Group A), while the bottom two were placed in Group B. Each division played another round robin. The top two teams in the medal round played a one-game final for the gold medal.

This is the aggregate standings, ordered according to final placing. The four teams in the medal round (Group A) were ranked one through four, while the four teams in Group B were ranked five through eight regardless of overall record.

Rank Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
    Soviet Union 7 6 1 0 50 16 12
    Sweden 7 3 2 2 27 24 8
    Canada 6 4 2 0 36 18 8
4   Czechoslovakia 6 2 3 1 21 31 5
5   United States 6 4 2 0 41 30 8
6   Finland 6 3 2 1 45 25 7
7   West Germany 6 1 5 0 20 33 2
8    Switzerland 6 0 6 0 7 70 0

   Switzerland was relegated to Pool B for the 1979 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships.

Preliminary roundEdit

Gold groupEdit

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  Sweden 3 2 0 1 18 8 5
  Soviet Union 3 2 1 0 31 11 4
  Finland 3 1 1 1 26 15 3
   Switzerland 3 0 3 0 3 44 0
December 22, 1977Soviet Union  18 – 1
(4–0, 5–0, 9–1)
   SwitzerlandCornwall, Ontario
December 22, 1977Sweden  4 – 4
(1–2, 1–1, 2–1)
  FinlandChicoutimi, Quebec
December 23, 1977Sweden  6 – 3
(2–0, 3–1, 1–2)
  Soviet UnionQuebec City, Quebec
December 23, 1977Switzerland   1 – 18
(0–4, 1–7, 0–7)
  FinlandChicoutimi, Quebec
December 26, 1977Sweden  8 – 1
(3–0, 3–0, 2–1)
   SwitzerlandCornwall, Ontario
December 26, 1977Soviet Union  10 – 4
(3–1, 3–2, 4–1)
  FinlandMontreal, Quebec

Blue groupEdit

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  Canada 3 3 0 0 23 6 6
  Czechoslovakia 3 2 1 0 16 18 4
  United States 3 1 2 0 16 18 2
  West Germany 3 0 3 0 8 21 0
December 22, 1977Canada  6 – 3
(2–1, 1–2, 3–0)
  United StatesMontreal, Quebec
December 22, 1977Czechoslovakia  5 – 4
(2–0, 2–3, 1–1)
  West GermanyQuebec City, Quebec
December 23, 1977Canada  8 – 0
(4–0, 4–0, 0–0)
  West GermanyCornwall, Ontario
December 23, 1977United States  5 – 8
(1–1, 1–7, 3–0)
  CzechoslovakiaHull, Quebec
December 25, 1977Canada  9 – 3
(4–2, 2–1, 3–0)
  CzechoslovakiaMontreal, Quebec
December 25, 1977West Germany  4 – 8
(1–1, 1–4, 2–3)
  United StatesHull, Quebec

Championship roundEdit

Group BEdit

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  United States 3 3 0 0 25 12 6
  Finland 3 2 1 0 19 10 4
  West Germany 3 1 2 0 12 12 2
   Switzerland 3 0 3 0 4 26 0
December 28, 1977Finland  4 – 1  West GermanyChicoutimi, Quebec
December 28, 1977United States  11 – 1   SwitzerlandCornwall, Ontario
December 31, 1977Finland  9 – 1   SwitzerlandCornwall, Ontario
December 31, 1977United States  6 – 5  West GermanyHull, Quebec
January 1, 1978Finland  6 – 8  United StatesHull, Quebec
January 1, 1978West Germany  6 – 2   SwitzerlandCornwall, Ontario

Group AEdit

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  Soviet Union 3 3 0 0 14 3 6
  Sweden 3 1 1 1 7 11 3
  Canada 3 1 2 0 13 12 2
  Czechoslovakia 3 0 2 1 5 13 1
December 28, 1977Canada  2 – 3
(2–0, 0–2, 0–1)
  Soviet UnionQuebec City, Quebec
December 28, 1977Sweden  1 – 1
(0-1, 0-0, 1-0)
  CzechoslovakiaMontreal, Quebec
December 31, 1977Canada  6 – 3
(1–1, 1–1, 4–1)
  CzechoslovakiaMontreal, Quebec
December 31, 1977Soviet Union  5 – 0
(1–0, 1–0, 3–0)
  SwedenQuebec City, Quebec
January 1, 1978Canada  5 – 6
(2–2, 0–2, 3–2)
  SwedenMontreal, Quebec
January 1, 1978Czechoslovakia  1 – 6
(1–2, 0–0, 0–4)
  Soviet UnionQuebec City, Quebec

Gold medal gameEdit

January 3, 1978  Soviet Union  5 – 2
(2–1, 2–1, 1–0)
  Sweden  Montreal, Quebec

Scoring leadersEdit

Rank Player Country G A Pts
1 Wayne Gretzky   Canada 8 9 17
2 Viktor Shkurdyuk   Soviet Union 10 6 16
3 Sergei Makarov   Soviet Union 8 7 15
4 Bobby Crawford   United States 4 9 13
5 Jorma Sevon   Finland 7 5 12
Mark Green   United States 7 5 12
7 Timo Susi   Finland 7 3 10
Rainer Risku   Finland 7 3 10
Gerd Truntschka   West Germany 7 3 10
10 Wayne Babych   Canada 5 5 10

Tournament awardsEdit

IIHF Directorate Awards Media All-Star Team
Goaltender   Alexander Tyzhnykh   Alexander Tyzhnykh
Defencemen   Viacheslav Fetisov   Viacheslav Fetisov
  Risto Siltanen
Forwards   Wayne Gretzky   Anton Šťastný
  Wayne Gretzky
  Mats Näslund

ReferencesEdit

  • Podnieks, Andrew (1998). Red, White, and Gold: Canada at the World Junior Championships 1974–1999. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-382-8.
  • 1977–81 World Junior Hockey Championships at TSN
  • "Championnat du monde 1978 des moins de 20 ans". Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  • Statistical leaders at eliteprospects.com