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The 1956–57 Oberliga was the twelfth season of the Oberliga, the first tier of the football league system in West Germany and the Saar Protectorate. The league operated in five regional divisions, Berlin, North, South, Southwest and West. The five league champions and the runners-up from the west, south, southwest and north then entered the 1957 German football championship which was won by Borussia Dortmund. It was Borussia Dortmund's second national championship, having won its first in the previous season and thereby becoming the first club to win back-to-back championships since Dresdner SC in 1943 and 1944.[2][3]

Oberliga
Season1956–57
ChampionsHamburger SV
Hertha BSC Berlin
Borussia Dortmund
1. FC Kaiserslautern
1. FC Nürnberg
RelegatedArminia Hannover
Heider SV
BFC Südring
Rapide Wedding
Schwarz-Weiß Essen
Borussia München-Gladbach
SpVgg Andernach
Sportfreunde Saarbrücken
Schwaben Augsburg
Freiburger FC
German championsBorussia Dortmund
2nd German title
Top goalscorerHeinz Beck
(34 goals)[1]
Map of the five German Oberligas 1945 to 1963

During the season, on 1 January 1957, the Saar Protectorate officially joined West Germany, ending the post-Second World War political separation of the territory from the other parts of Germany,[4] which had also seen the Oberliga Südwest clubs from the Saarland, 1. FC Saarbrücken, Borussia Neunkirchen, Sportfreunde Saarbrücken, Saar 05 Saarbrücken and SV Röchling Völklingen, leave the German league system from 1948 to 1951.[5]

A similar-named league, the DDR-Oberliga, existed in East Germany, set at the first tier of the East German football league system. The 1957 DDR-Oberliga was won by SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt.[6]

Oberliga NordEdit

The 1956–57 season saw two new clubs in the league, Heider SV and Concordia Hamburg, both promoted from the Amateurliga. The league's top scorer was Uwe Seeler of Hamburger SV with 31 goals.[1]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 Hamburger SV 30 16 9 5 86 34 +52 41 Qualification to German championship
2 Holstein Kiel 30 15 9 6 46 38 +8 39
3 Hannover 96 30 15 7 8 58 34 +24 37
4 FC St. Pauli 30 13 7 10 40 52 −12 33
5 Werder Bremen 30 14 3 13 65 53 +12 31
6 VfL Osnabrück 30 12 7 11 37 40 −3 31
7 Eintracht Braunschweig 30 11 8 11 61 51 +10 30
8 VfR Neumünster 30 11 8 11 35 50 −15 30
9 TuS Bremerhaven 93 30 12 5 13 42 49 −7 29
10 Göttingen 05 30 13 3 14 51 61 −10 29
11 FC Altona 93 30 9 10 11 51 51 0 28
12 Concordia Hamburg 30 11 6 13 36 38 −2 28
13 Eintracht Nordhorn 30 8 10 12 37 48 −11 26
14 VfL Wolfsburg 30 10 6 14 51 71 −20 26
15 Arminia Hannover (R) 30 9 5 16 39 48 −9 23 Relegation to Amateurliga
16 Heider SV (R) 30 6 7 17 28 45 −17 19
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Oberliga BerlinEdit

The 1956–57 season saw two new clubs in the league, BFC Südring and Rapide Wedding, both promoted from the Amateurliga Berlin. The league's top scorer was Helmut Faeder of Hertha BSC Berlin with 18 goals.[1]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 Hertha BSC Berlin 22 13 7 2 61 32 +29 33 Qualification to German championship
2 Tennis Borussia Berlin 22 14 3 5 51 31 +20 31
3 Union 06 Berlin 22 12 3 7 46 36 +10 27
4 Viktoria 89 Berlin 22 10 6 6 42 36 +6 26
5 Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin 22 9 7 6 42 35 +7 25
6 Tasmania 1900 Berlin 22 10 5 7 36 30 +6 25
7 Spandauer SV 22 10 3 9 50 36 +14 23
8 Berliner SV 92 22 10 3 9 42 36 +6 23
9 Hertha Zehlendorf 22 6 5 11 32 39 −7 17
10 Minerva 93 Berlin 22 6 5 11 29 47 −18 17
11 BFC Südring (R) 22 2 7 13 26 49 −23 11 Relegation to Amateurliga Berlin
12 Rapide Wedding (R) 22 2 2 18 17 67 −50 6
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Oberliga WestEdit

The 1956–57 season saw two new clubs in the league, VfL Bochum and Meidericher SV, both promoted from the 2. Oberliga West. The league's top scorer was Alfred Kelbassa of Borussia Dortmund with 30 goals.[1]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 Borussia Dortmund (C) 30 17 7 6 73 33 +40 41 Qualification to German championship
2 Duisburger SV 30 16 7 7 56 39 +17 39
3 1. FC Köln 30 14 11 5 67 50 +17 39
4 FC Schalke 04 30 15 6 9 76 49 +27 36
5 Alemannia Aachen 30 13 8 9 65 54 +11 34
6 Fortuna Düsseldorf 30 15 3 12 65 53 +12 33
7 Meidericher SV 30 11 10 9 62 42 +20 32
8 Rot-Weiß Essen 30 12 8 10 57 51 +6 32
9 Wuppertaler SV 30 13 4 13 41 52 −11 30
10 VfL Bochum 30 9 11 10 54 54 0 29
11 Westfalia Herne 30 9 9 12 33 38 −5 27
12 Preußen Dellbrück[a] 30 8 10 12 46 62 −16 26
13 Preußen Münster 30 10 5 15 48 70 −22 25
14 SV Sodingen 30 11 3 16 41 44 −3 25
15 Schwarz-Weiß Essen (R) 30 8 6 16 43 63 −20 22 Relegation to 2. Oberliga West
16 Borussia München-Gladbach (R) 30 3 4 23 39 112 −73 10
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.
Notes:
  1. ^ At the end of the 1956–57 season Preußen Dellbrück merged with SC Rapid Köln to form Viktoria Köln.

Oberliga SüdwestEdit

The 1956–57 season saw two new clubs in the league, Sportfreunde Saarbrücken and FV Speyer, both promoted from the 2. Oberliga Südwest. The league's top scorer was Otto Hölzemann of TuS Neuendorf with 28 goals.[1]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 1. FC Kaiserslautern 30 23 3 4 129 40 +89 49 Qualification to German championship
2 1. FC Saarbrücken 30 19 3 8 91 41 +50 41
3 VfR Frankenthal 30 16 7 7 59 38 +21 39
4 Phönix Ludwigshafen 30 16 2 12 60 45 +15 34
5 Borussia Neunkirchen 30 13 7 10 52 56 −4 33
6 TuS Neuendorf 30 12 8 10 67 60 +7 32
7 Saar 05 Saarbrücken 30 12 6 12 61 60 +1 30
8 FK Pirmasens 30 12 6 12 57 58 −1 30
9 Wormatia Worms 30 11 7 12 63 47 +16 29
10 FSV Mainz 05 30 11 6 13 38 59 −21 28
11 Eintracht Kreuznach 30 10 7 13 44 54 −10 27
12 Eintracht Trier 30 10 6 14 41 56 −15 26
13 VfR Kaiserslautern 30 7 11 12 37 51 −14 25
14 FV Speyer 30 10 3 17 54 69 −15 23
15 SpVgg Andernach (R) 30 7 4 19 42 98 −56 18 Relegation to 2. Oberliga Südwest
16 Sportfreunde Saarbrücken (R) 30 6 4 20 44 107 −63 16
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Oberliga SüdEdit

The 1956–57 season saw two new clubs in the league, Freiburger FC and FC Bayern Munich, both promoted from the 2. Oberliga Süd. The league's top scorer was Heinz Beck of Karlsruher SC with 34 goals, the highest total for any scorer in the five Oberligas in 1956–57.[1][7]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 1. FC Nürnberg 30 21 5 4 76 33 +43 47 Qualification to German championship
2 Kickers Offenbach 30 17 9 4 81 35 +46 43
3 Karlsruher SC 30 18 5 7 74 41 +33 41
4 VfB Stuttgart 30 17 5 8 69 44 +25 39
5 Eintracht Frankfurt 30 15 5 10 60 42 +18 35
6 SpVgg Fürth 30 12 5 13 61 57 +4 29
7 VfR Mannheim 30 12 5 13 51 54 −3 29
8 Viktoria Aschaffenburg 30 11 5 14 44 54 −10 27
9 Jahn Regensburg 30 11 5 14 46 73 −27 27
10 FC Bayern Munich 30 12 2 16 52 62 −10 26
11 FSV Frankfurt 30 9 8 13 41 60 −19 26
12 FC Schweinfurt 05 30 9 6 15 41 68 −27 24
13 BC Augsburg 30 8 7 15 49 66 −17 23
14 Stuttgarter Kickers 30 9 4 17 46 50 −4 22
15 Schwaben Augsburg (R) 30 9 4 17 35 64 −29 22 Relegation to 2. Oberliga Süd
16 Freiburger FC (R) 30 6 8 16 43 66 −23 20
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

German championshipEdit

The 1957 German football championship was contested by the nine qualified Oberliga teams and won by Borussia Dortmund, defeating Hamburger SV in the final. The runners-up of the Oberliga Nord and Süd played a pre-qualifying match. The remaining eight clubs then played a single round of matches at neutral grounds in two groups of four. The two group winners then advanced to the final.[8]

QualifyingEdit

Team 1  Score  Team 2
Kickers Offenbach 3–2 aet Holstein Kiel

Group 1Edit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 Hamburger SV (Q) 3 2 1 0 5 3 +2 5 Qualified to final
2 Duisburger SV 3 1 2 0 6 4 +2 4
3 1. FC Nürnberg 3 0 2 1 5 6 −1 2
4 1. FC Saarbrücken 3 0 1 2 4 7 −3 1
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

Group 2Edit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 Borussia Dortmund (Q) 3 3 0 0 7 4 +3 6 Qualified to final
2 Kickers Offenbach 3 2 0 1 8 4 +4 4
3 1. FC Kaiserslautern 3 1 0 2 17 8 +9 2
4 Hertha BSC Berlin 3 0 0 3 3 19 −16 0
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

FinalEdit

Team 1  Score  Team 2
Borussia Dortmund 4–1 Hamburger SV

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Fußball-Torjägerstatistik Deutschland (in German) Goal scorer statistics Germany, author: Walter Grüber, published: 2011, accessed: 21 December 2015
  2. ^ (West) Germany -List of champions rsssf.com, accessed: 19 December 2015
  3. ^ Borussia Dortmund » Steckbrief (in German) Weltfussball.de – Borussia Dortmund honours, accessed: 19 December 2015
  4. ^ World Cup 2010 special: part two – Have any player-managers ever appeared at a World Cup The Guardian, published: 2 June 2010, accessed: 19 December 2015
  5. ^ Germany - Oberliga Südwest 1945-63 rsssf.com, accessed: 19 December 2015
  6. ^ East Germany 1946-1990 rsssf.com, accessed: 15 December 2015
  7. ^ 100 Jahre Süddeutscher Fußball-Verband, page: 165
  8. ^ Das Finale der Deutschen Meisterschaft 1956/1957 (in German) Fussballdaten.de, accessed: 16 December 2015

SourcesEdit

  • 30 Jahre Bundesliga (in German) 30th anniversary special, publisher: kicker Sportmagazin, published: 1993
  • kicker-Almanach 1990 (in German) Yearbook of German football, publisher: kicker Sportmagazin, published: 1989, ISBN 3-7679-0297-4
  • DSFS Liga-Chronik seit 1945 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 2005
  • 100 Jahre Süddeutscher Fußball-Verband (in German) 100 Years of the Southern German Football Federation, publisher: SFV, published: 1997

External linksEdit