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1938 Chilean presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Chile on 25 October 1938.[1] The result was a narrow victory for Pedro Aguirre Cerda of the Radical Party, who received 50.5% of the vote.

1938 Chilean presidential election

← 1932 25 October 1938 1942 →
Turnout72.44% Decrease9.5%
  Pedro Aguirre Cerda es elegido Presidente-2.JPG GustavoRossSantaMaria.jpg
Candidate Pedro Aguirre Cerda Gustavo Ross
Party Radical Liberal
Alliance Popular Front Right-Wing
Popular vote 222,720 218,609
Percentage 50.45% 49.52%

Electoral systemEdit

The election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both houses of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.[2]


Candidate Party Votes %
Pedro Aguirre Cerda Radical Party 222,720 50.5
Gustavo Ross Santa María Liberal Party 218,609 49.5
Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Popular Freedom Alliance 112 0.0
Invalid/blank votes 3,970
Total 445,411 100
Registered voters/turnout 503,871 88.4
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ Nohlen, p259