1934 Uruguayan constitutional referendum

A constitutional referendum was held in Uruguay on 19 April 1934, alongside parliamentary elections.[1] The new constitution was approved by 95.75% of voters.[2]


A series of conflicts between the National Council of Administration and President Gabriel Terra led to Terra leading a presidential coup on 31 March 1933.[3] Terra instituted a government that suspended the 1918 constitution, and elections were held for a Constitutional Assembly on 25 June. The various factions of the Colorado Party emerged as the largest group in the Assembly, winning 151 of the 284 seats.[4]

New constitutionEdit

The new constitution abolished the National Council of Administration and transferred its powers to the President,[3] with President also becoming the head of government.[2] Other changes included the Senate being equally divided between the two parties receiving the most votes, and allowing the public to propose constitutional amendments (though 20% of the electorate).[2]


Choice Votes %
For 228,145 95.75
Against 10,124 4.25
Invalid/blank votes
Total 238,269 100
Registered voters/turnout 422,865 56.34
Source: Direct Democracy

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p494 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ a b c Uruguay, 19 April 1934: Constitution Direct Democracy (in German)
  3. ^ a b The Constitution Library of Congress Country Studies
  4. ^ Nohlen, p501