1932 Costa Rican general election

General elections were held in Costa Rica on 14 February 1932.[1]

1932 Costa Rican general election

14 February 1932
Presidential election
← 1928
1936 →
Nominee Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno Manuel Castro Quesada [es] Carlos María Jiménez Ortiz [es]
Party PRN Republican Union Republican
Popular vote 35,408 22,077 17,316
Percentage 46.65% 29.09% 22.82%

President before election

Cleto González Víquez

Elected President

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno of the National Republican Party won the presidential election, whilst the party also won the parliamentary election, in which they received 47% of the vote.[2] Voter turnout was 64%.[3]

Campaign edit

In 1931 Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno was proclaimed in absentia presidential nominee in the National Republican Party’s convention, where an incident happens; four people shout "Long live the Communist Party!"[4][clarification needed]

When informed he has been elected candidate Jiménez said he would consider it. He was reluctant, he had withdrawn from politics to his farm, saying he would accept only if he had enough citizen support and economic support from others. The diverse republican factions (all claiming to be heirs of the historic Republican Party of Máximo Fernández) were divided looking for candidates. Alberto Echandi Montero of the Agricultural Party and León Cortés Castro of the Republican were rumored as possible candidates, but in the end they decided not to run.[4]

The plenipotentiary minister in the United States, Manuel Castro Quesada, asked for a license[clarification needed] and returns to the country with political aspirations.[4] This generated a protest inside the cabinet of Cleto González Víquez that voted in favor of dismissing Castro, with a negative vote from the Secretary of Public Safety and son-in-law of González, Arturo Quirós Carranza. The matter is brought into the public light, which provokes the resignation of the secretaries who led the ousting of Castro; Tomás Soley Güell, Gregorio Escalante and Octavio Beeche. Gonzalez's resignation was rumored, but it did not happen.[4]

The oppositionist Leon Cortes raised strong accusations against the government and against Castro whom he accused of being a puppet of the government.[4] Castro replied:

May Mr. Cortés calm down his circus lion frenzy; Let it continue to be the humorous note of the campaign and walk with its undulating cloak from town to town.

Following the scandal and the ministerial crisis, Jiménez Oreamuno announced that he would not be pursuing his candidacy. This generated new interested in politics. The Agricultural, Republican and Constitutional parties offer the candidacy to Carlos María Jiménez Ortiz, who nevertheless declines.[4]

Castro Quesada is a candidate for the Republican Union Party,[5] supported by the presidents Máximo Fernández Alvarado and Alfredo González Flores, bankers, ranchers (including future presidential candidate Fernando Castro Cervantes), intellectuals and the vestiges of the Reformist Party. On the other hand, Jiménez Oreamuno accepts the candidacy finally on July 16, which generates a manifestation of spontaneous celebration in Cartago. He accepted after reaching an agreement with Echandi and Cortés, his former political adversaries.[5]

Meanwhile, the Republican Club selects Carlos María Jiménez as its candidate. In addition, the new Nationalist Party of the businessman of German descent, Maximiliano Koberg Bolandi, participates.[5]

The campaign was impregnated with attacks referring to the actions of the parties during the Tinoquista coup of 1917. Jiménez Oreamuno was accused of not having been a real opponent of Tinoco, while Castro Quesada and his ally González Flores (the president overthrown by Tinoco), Jiménez accused them of seeking US intervention.[5]

Jorge Volio Jiménez affirms to be in favor of returning to the public vote (which had been abolished in 1925 and replaced by the secret vote) what many liberals consider a step backwards in democratic reforms. Volio also affirms to be in favor of the Female Suffrage to which Jiménez is opposed assuring that the women are not freethinkers and they will vote by who says the Church.[5]

Results edit

President edit

Ricardo Jiménez OreamunoNational Republican Party35,40846.65
Manuel Castro Quesada [es]Republican Union22,07729.09
Carlos María Jiménez Ortiz [es]Republican Party17,31622.82
Max Koberg Bolandi [es]Nationalist Party1,0961.44
Valid votes75,897100.00
Invalid/blank votes00.00
Total votes75,897100.00
Registered voters/turnout118,18664.22
Source: Nohlen

Parliament edit

National Republican Party35,39946.68
Republican Party17,30222.82
Republican Union22,03229.06
Nationalist Party1,0941.44
Valid votes75,827100.00
Invalid/blank votes00.00
Total votes75,827100.00
Registered voters/turnout118,18664.16
Source: Nohlen

References edit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p155 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p166
  3. ^ Nohlen, p156
  4. ^ a b c d e f Oconitrillo García, Eduardo (2004). Cien años de política costarricense: 1902-2002, de Ascensión Esquivel a Abel Pacheco. EUNED. ISBN 9789968313605.
  5. ^ a b c d e Rodríguez Vega, Eugenio (2004). Costa Rica en el siglo veinte. EUNED. ISBN 9789968313834.