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1918 Clemenceau–Lloyd George Agreement (Middle East)

Ray Stannard Baker's diagram of the six secret agreements which were used in the negotiations to partition the Ottoman Empire makes reference to the Clemenceau–Lloyd George Agreement over Mosul.

The Clemenceau–Lloyd George Agreement of 1 December 1918 was a verbal agreement which modified the 1916 Sykes–Picot Agreement in respect to Palestine and the Mosul Vilayet. The latter component is also known as the Mosul cession. The agreement was between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Georges Clemenceau, and took place at the French Embassy in London.[1]

The agreement was controversial because the French did not appear to have gained any substantial changes from Britain in return for their concessions of Mosul and Palestine.[1]

John J McTague Jr wrote that "Despite the informality of this agreement, Lloyd George and Clemenceau held to it and it became the basis for legitimizing the British claim to Palestine."[2]

The agreement was finalised in a meeting at Deauville in 1919.[1]


  • Fitzgerald, Edward Peter. "France's Middle Eastern Ambitions, the Sykes–Picot Negotiations, and the Oil Fields of Mosul." The Journal of Modern History 66.4 (1994): 697–725. JSTOR 2125155
  • Ranjdar Mohammed Azeez Al-Jaf (2018). British Policy Towards the Government of the Mosul Vilayet, 1916-1926 (PDF) (Thesis). University of Leicester.
  • Paul C. Helmreich (1974). From Paris to Sèvres: the partition of the Ottoman Empire at the Peace Conference of 1919-1920. Ohio State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8142-0170-1.


  1. ^ a b c Matthew Hughes (11 January 2013). Allenby and British Strategy in the Middle East, 1917-1919. Routledge. pp. 122–128. ISBN 978-1-136-32388-1.
  2. ^ McTague Jr, John J (Winter 1982). "Anglo-French Negotiations over the Boundaries of Palestine, 1919-1920". Journal of Palestine Studies. University of California Press on behalf of the Institute for Palestine Studies. 11 (2): 100–112. doi:10.2307/2536272. JSTOR 2536272.