1911 Swiss federal election

Federal elections were held in Switzerland on 29 October 1911. The Free Democratic Party retained its majority in the National Council.[1]

The 49 electoral districts

Electoral systemEdit

The 189 members of the National Council were elected in 49 single- and multi-member constituencies using a three-round system. Candidates had to receive a majority in the first or second round to be elected; if it went to a third round, only a plurality was required. Voters could cast as many votes as there were seats in their constituency.[2] There was one seat for every 20,000 citizens, with seats allocated to cantons in proportion to their population.[2]

The elections were held under the new Federal law concerning the constituencies for the election of National Council members of passed on 23 June 1911. Following the 1910 census the number of seats was increased from 167 to 189, although the number of constituencies remained the same. Bern and Zürich both gained three seats, Aargau, St. Gallen and Vaud gained two, whilst, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Fribourg, Geneva, Graubünden, Lucerne, Neuchâtel, Solothurn, Ticino and Thurgau all gained one. A referendum on introducing proportional representation had been held in October 1910, and although it was approved by a majority of cantons, it was narrowly rejected by voters.

ResultsEdit

SummaryEdit

Voter turnout was highest in Aargau at 83.1% (higher than the 80% in Schaffhausen, where voting was compulsory) and lowest in Obwalden at 21.1%.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Free Democratic Party 198,300 49.5 115 +10
Social Democratic Party 80,050 20.0 15 +8
Catholic People's Party 76,726 19.1 38 +4
Liberal Centre 27,062 6.8 14 –2
Democratic Group 12,610 3.1 6 +1
Circle of Rhine Party 6,122 1.5 1 New
Others 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 36,840
Total 437,710 100 189 +22
Registered voters/turnout 830,120 52.7
Source: Mackie & Rose,[3] BFS (seats)

By constituencyEdit

Constituency Seats Party Seats
won
Elected members
Zürich 1 7 Free Democratic Party 7
  • Robert Billeter
  • Emil Zürcher
  • Alfred Frey
  • Jakob Lutz
  • Friedrich Fritschi
  • Walter Bissegger
  • Johann Jakob Hauser
Zürich 2 5 Social Democratic Party 5
  • Herman Greulich
  • Paul Pflüger
  • Robert Seidel
  • Johannes Sigg
  • Robert Grimm
Zürich 3 5 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Werner Weber
  • Heinrich Hess
  • Karl August Koller
Liberal Centre 2
  • Johann Jakob Abegg
  • Johann Rudolf Amsler
Zürich 4 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Hans Sträuli
  • Friedrich Ottiker
  • Eduard Sulzer
  • Julius Guyer
Social Democratic Party 1 Friedrich Studer
Zürich 5 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Johann Konrad Hörni
  • Jakob Walder
  • David Ringger
Bern 6 6 Free Democratic Party 6
  • Robert Stucki
  • Emil Lohner
  • Arnold Gottlieb Bühler
  • Johann Jakob Rebmann
  • Johann Friedrich Michel
  • Hermann Schüpbach
Bern 7 7 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Johann Hirter
  • Johann Jenny
  • Eugen Huber
  • Jakob Scheidegger
Liberal Centre 2
  • Gustav König
  • Ernst Wyss
Social Democratic Party 1 Gustav Müller
Bern 8 4 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Fritz Bühlmann
  • Johann Jakob Schär
  • Fritz Zumstein
  • Friedrich Minder
Bern 9 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Arnold Gugelmann
  • Michael Hofer
  • Friedrich Buri
Social Democratic Party 1 August Rikli
Bern 10 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Alfred Moll
  • Jakob Freiburghaus
  • Eduard Will
  • Karl Scheurer
Social Democratic Party 1 Johann Näher
Bern 11 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Virgile Rossel
  • Albert Gobat
  • Albert Locher
Bern 12 3 Catholic Right 2
  • Joseph Choquard
  • Ernest Daucourt
Free Democratic Party 1 Henri Simonin
Lucerne 13 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Peter Knüsel
  • Otto Sidler
  • Hermann Heller
Lucerne 14 2 Catholic Right 3
  • Anton Erni
  • Josef Anton Balmer
Lucerne 15 3 Catholic Right 2
  • Franz Moser-Schär
  • Heinrich Walther
  • Dominik Fellmann
Uri 16 1 Catholic Right 1 Josef Furrer
Schwyz 17 3 Catholic Right 2
  • Anton von Hettlingen
  • Josef Anton Ferdinand Büeler
Free Democratic Party 1 Martin Steinegger
Obwalden 18 1 Catholic Right 1 Peter Anton Ming
Nidwalden 19 1 Catholic Right 1 Karl Niederberger
Glarus 20 2 Democratic Group 2
  • Eduard Blumer
  • David Legler
Zug 21 1 Free Democratic Party 1 Hermann Stadlin
Fribourg 22 2 Free Democratic Party 1 Hermann Liechti
Catholic Right 1 Eugène Descheneaux
Fribourg 23 5 Catholic Right 4
  • Max de Diesbach
  • Charles de Wuilleret
  • Alphonse Théraulaz
  • Eugène Grand
Free Democratic Party 1 A.-F.-L. Cailler
Solothurn 24 6 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Max Studer
  • Jakob Zimmermann
  • Adrian von Arx Sr.
  • Eduard Bally
Social Democratic Party 1 Hans Affolter
Catholic Right 1 Siegfried Hartmann
Basel-Stadt 25 7 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Johann Emil Müry
  • Christian Rothenberger
  • Emil Göttisheim
Social Democratic Party 2
  • Bernhard Jäggi
  • Johannes Frei
Liberal Centre 2
  • Isaak Iselin-Sarasin
  • Carl Christoph Burckhardt
Basel-Landschaft 26 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Jakob Buser
  • Johannes Suter
  • Hermann Straumann
Democratic Group 1 Albert Schwander
Schaffhausen 27 2 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Carl Spahn
  • Robert Grieshaber
Appenzell Ausserrhoden 28 3 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Arthur Eugster
  • Johannes Eisenhut
Social Democratic Party 1 Howard Eugster
Appenzell Innerhoden 29 1 Catholic Right 1 Adolf Steuble
St. Gallen 30 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Karl Emil Wild
  • Albert Mächler
  • Eduard Scherrer
Democratic Group 1 J. A. Scherrer-Füllemann
St. Gallen 31 4 Catholic Right 2
  • Johann Baptist Eisenring
  • Carl Zurburg
Free Democratic Party 1 Ernst Schmidheiny
Democratic Group 1 Heinrich Otto Weber
St. Gallen 32 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Ernst Wagner
  • Gallus Schwendener
  • Robert Forrer
St. Gallen 33 2 Catholic Right 2
  • Johann Baptist Schubiger
  • Emil Grünenfelder
St. Gallen 34 2 Catholic Right 2
  • Othmar Staub
  • Thomas Holenstein Sr.
Grisons 35 6 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Johann Anton Caflisch
  • Eduard Walser
  • Andrea Vital
  • Paul Raschein Sr.
Catholic Right 1 Johann Schmid
Liberal Centre 1 Alfred von Planta
Aargau 36 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Johann Rudolf Suter
  • Otto Hunziker
  • Alwin Weber
Aargau 37 4 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Hans Müri
  • Conradin Zschokke
  • Hans Siegrist
  • Heinrich Eugen Abt
Aargau 38 1 Catholic Right 1 Jakob Nietlispach
Aargau 39 4 Catholic Right 2
  • Alfred Wyrsch
  • Franz Xaver Eggspühler
Circle of Rhine Party 1 Josef Jäger
Free Democratic Party 1 Gustav Adolf Ursprung
Thurgau 40 7 Free Democratic Party 5
  • Heinrich Häberlin
  • Carl Eigenmann
  • Adolf Germann
  • Jakob Müller
  • Oskar Ullmann
Catholic Right 1 Alfons von Streng
Democratic Group 1 Emil Hofmann
Ticino 41 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Romeo Manzoni
  • Achille Borella
  • Francesco Vassalli
Catholic Right 1 Giovanni Lurati
Ticino 42 4 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Giuseppe Stoffel
  • Evaristo Garbani-Nerini
Liberal Centre 1 Francesco Balli
Catholic Right 1 Giuseppe Motta
Vaud 43 8 Free Democratic Party 5
  • Alphonse Dubuis
  • Félix Bonjour
  • Émile Gaudard
  • Charles-Eugène Fonjallaz
  • Paul Maillefer
Liberal Centre 3
  • Alois de Meuron
  • Édouard Secretan
  • Alexandre Emery
Vaud 44 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Camille Decoppet
  • Ernest Chuard
  • Ulysse Crisinel
  • Jean Cavat
Liberal Centre 1 Armand Piguet
Vaud 45 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Henri Thélin
  • Juste Lagier
  • Maurice Desplands
Valais 46 4 Catholic Right 4
  • Alexander Seiler
  • Joseph Kuntschen Sr.
  • Raymond Evéquoz
  • Charles de Preux
Valais 47 2 Catholic Right 1 Maurice Pellissier
Free Democratic Party 1 Eugène de Lavallaz
Neuchâtel 48 7 Free Democratic Party 5
  • Louis Perrier
  • Paul-Ernest Mosimann
  • Louis-Alexandre Martin
  • Jules-Albert Piguet
  • Henri Calame
Social Democratic Party 1 Charles Naine
Liberal Centre 1 Jules Calame
Geneva 49 8 Free Democratic Party 5
  • Henri Fazy
  • Marc-Eugène Ritzchel
  • Victor-Marc Charbonnet
  • Marc-Ernest Peter
  • Jacques-Louis Willemin
Liberal Centre 1 Gustave Ador
Social Democratic Party 1 Jean Sigg
Catholic Right 1 Firmin Ody
Source: Gruner[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elections to the National Council 1848–1917: Distribution of seats by party or political orientation Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine BFS
  2. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1886 ISBN 9783832956097
  3. ^ Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan
  4. ^ Gruner, Erich. Die Wahlen in den Schweizerischen Nationalrat 1848–1919. Vol. 3.