1908 Japanese general election

General elections were held in Japan on 15 May 1908.[1] The result was a victory for the Rikken Seiyūkai party, which won 187 of the 379 seats.

1908 Japanese general election

← 1904 15 May 1908 1912 →

All 379 seats in the House of Representatives
190 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Leader Saionji Kinmochi
Party Rikken Seiyūkai Kensei Hontō
Last election 133 seats 90 seats
Seats won 187 70
Seat change Increase54 Decrease20
Popular vote 649,858 288,243
Percentage 48.40% 21.47%
Swing Increase14.93pp Decrease4.72pp

  Third party Fourth party
Leader Collective leadership
Party Yūkōkai Daidō Club
Last election  – 58[a]
Seats won 29 29
Seat change New Decrease29
Popular vote 99,690 92,477
Percentage 7.42% 6.89%
Swing New Decrease5.87pp

Prime Minister before election

Saionji Kinmochi
Rikken Seiyūkai

Prime Minister after election

Saionji Kinmochi
Rikken Seiyūkai

Electoral system edit

The 379 members of the House of Representatives were elected in 51 multi-member constituencies based on prefectures and cities. Voting was restricted to men aged over 25 who paid at least 10 yen a year in direct taxation.[2]

Campaign edit

A total of 900 candidates contested the 379 seats.

Results edit

Rikken Seiyūkai649,85848.40187+54
Kensei Hontō288,24321.4770–20
Daidō Club92,4776.8929–29
Valid votes1,342,64599.00
Invalid/blank votes13,5341.00
Total votes1,356,179100.00
Registered voters/turnout1,590,04585.29
Source: Mackie & Rose

Notes edit

References edit

  1. ^ Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan, p281
  2. ^ Mackie & Rose, p276