1892 Glamorgan County Council election

The second election to the Glamorgan County Council was held on 8 March 1892.[1] The 1889 election was the first contest and the next was the 1895 election. Glamorgan County Council had been established by the 1888 Local Government Act, and the first election held in January 1889. Glamorgan was by far the largest county in Wales in terms of population. The county of Glamorgan was at this time becoming heavily industrialised, although some areas such as the Vale of Glamorgan remained essentially rural. The rise of nonconformist liberalism, especially since the 1860s, throughout Wales, had challenged the prevailing influence of the landed gentry. However, even in 1889, the traditional forces remained influential and no working men were elected to the Council. This changed in 1892 with the unopposed return of David Morgan in Aberdare and the success of Isaac Evans in Resolven.

Results are mainly drawn from the South Wales Star.[2]

Most candidates were described either as Liberals or as Conservatives; but these allegiances were fluid, and in most cases there was no evidence of a connection between candidates and local Liberal or Conservative party organisations.

Overview of the ResultEdit

The Liberal Party was once again triumphant and won a majority of the seats. Indeed, in the contested elections only two Conservative-supported candidates were successful, Edwin Price and Bridgend and Captain Lindsay at Llantwit Fardre, Both stood as nominally Independent candidates.[3] The Liberals regarded their successes at Penarth to be among their most notable victories.[2]

A notable feature of these elections was the return of a number of working men and others as Lib-Lab candidates. this was notable in the Rhondda but also elsewhere. David Morgan (Dai o'r Nant) was returned unopposed at Gadlys, Aberdare and two other miners' agents were elected. In the Garw Valley, John Thomas defeated another Liberal candidate while at Resolven, Isaac Evans defeated the sitting member, Edwards-Vaughan of Rheola.

The Conservatives held a number of seats unopposed and a small number of Independent candidates were returned. These were, in most cases, regarded as Conservatives, for example in Bridgend and Pontypridd.

Boundary ChangesEdit

There were a limited number of boundary changes at this election, resulting in the abolition of the six two-member wards which existed at the inaugural election in 1889. These were divided, in each case, into two single-member wards, as follows:

1889 two-member ward 1892 single member wards
Llwynypia and Trealaw Llwynypia and Clydach / Trealaw and Tonypandy
Neath Neath North / Neath South
Penarth Penarth North / Penarth South
Penrhiwceiber and Dyffryn Mountain Ash / Penrhiwceiber
Pentre and Ystrad Pentre / Ystrad
Treorchy and Treherbert Treherbert / Treorchy

Candidates and Unopposed ReturnsEdit

66 members were returned to the Council, all of whom represented single member wards.

There were 37 unopposed returns, as compared to a mere three at the initial election in 1889.

Party Unopposed Returns
Liberal 23
Conservative 8
Unionist 2
Independent 2
Liberal Unionist 1
Liberal-Labour 1

As shown in the table the vast majority were Liberals, although their number includes Rees Hopkin Rhys who was described as a Liberal at this election. Among the other unopposed returns was Sir John Jones Jenkins at Oystermouth and David Morgan at Gadlys.

Contested ElectionsEdit

The election was fought on largely political lines with the Liberals contesting nearly every seat. In some cases two Liberals faced each other and there was little evidence of an attempt to limit the number of candidates in order to avoid splitting the vote and allowing a candidate of a different political persuasion to win the seat.[4] In many ways this provides evidence that the Liberal Party in Glamorgan was such a broad coalition that it encompassed both leading coal owners and active trade unionists. As such, tensions were almost inevitable.

Aberdare ValleyEdit

At the previous election, three Conservatives were returned for the five seats in the Aberdare area. On this occasion, four of the seats were won by Liberals, including David Morgan at Gadlys. The remaining Conservative, Rees Hopkin Rhys was now nominally at least, returned as a Liberal.

Cardiff and South GlamorganEdit

In this area the Conservatives were stronger than in the industrial valleys. However, the Liberals gained ground, notably by capturing both seats at Penarth.[1]

Merthyr TydfilEdit

The Liberals also captured the majority of the seats in Merthyr Tydfil, although the Conservatives retained a firm grip on Dowlais and neighbouring Caeharris. At Cyfaththfa, the Labour candidate won a notable victory.

Rhondda DistrictEdit

In contrast to the somewhat raucous campaign three years earlier, the campaign in the Rhondda was a peaceful one although a number of the wards were closely contested. Most of the pits were closed early, the weather was fine. Vehicles belonging to various tradesmen conducted the electors to the polls and "scores of miners from different pits were to bo observed hastily trudging home to wash themselves before recording their votes for their favourite candidates. One striking feature in connection with the elections was the conspicuous absence of drunken persons about the booths and in the streets, and the quietness and tho amicable feeling prevailing among the supporters of the various candidates, who cordially shook hands with each other and chatted together freely for some time."[3]

Retiring AldermenEdit

Before the election there was a widespread assumption, shared by a number of the retiring aldermen, that they would be automatically re-elected as aldermen without seeking election.[5] In the weeks before the election, there was a debate in the press about whether sitting aldermen could contest the election. This debate was fuelled to a considerable extent by personal rivalries and it soon became clear that there was nothing to prohibit sitting aldermen to seek election as councillors.

Of the eleven retiring aldermen, only three sought re-election and it appears that many of the others had assumed, wrongly as it transpired (see below, 'Election of Aldermen') that they would be-appointed without contesting an election. Both Gwilym Jones at Dyffryn and Aaron Davies at Pontlottyn were successful, while Rees Harries was returned unopposed at Llandeilo Talybont.

ResultsEdit

AberamanEdit

Thomas Davies had been elected at a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of T.P. White to the aldermanic bench. White had moved from Cwmaman to Maesycymmer during the intervening period and did not seek re-election.

Aberaman 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Davies* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

AberavonEdit

J.M. Smith had been elected at a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of Richard Jenkins to the aldermanic bench.

Aberavon 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent John Morgan Smith* unopposed
Independent hold Swing

Aberdare TownEdit

Aberdare Town 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Price Davies* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Barry and CadoxtonEdit

 
John Claxton Meggitt

John Claxton Meggitt had been elected at a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of John Cory to the aldermanic bench. In 1892 it was anticipated that Cory would be re-appointed as an alderman without facing the electorate, although Meggitt offered to stand down when this proved not to be the case. After the election, when the Liberal group decided that aldermen would be chosen only from amongst elected members, Meggitt reluctantly agreed to be nominated so that Cory could take the vacant seat (see 'By-elections' below).[5]

Barry and Cadoxton 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Claxton Meggitt* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

BridgendEdit

The previous Conservative member, Lord Dunraven, elected in 1889, only attended two meetings of the council. The Liberal press, while deploring the failure of the Liberal candidate, described as a shrewd businessman, welcomed the fact that the interests of the town would now be represented.[2] Three years later, when the Liberals captured the seat for the first time, it was recalled that Price, upon his victory, was carried shoulder-high to the Conservative Club.[6] Although nominally a Conservative loss this was not how the result was widely regarded as the time.

Bridgend 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Edwin Price 382
Liberal D H. Lloyd 356
Majority 26
Independent hold Swing

Briton FerryEdit

At a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of William Hunter to the aldermanic bench, Jenkin Hill was defeated by the Conservative candidate, W.P. Struve. Struve did not seek re-election, allowing Hill to capture the seat in a straight fight with another Liberal candidate.

Briton Ferry 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Jenkin Hill 593
Liberal Daniel Lewis Jones (Cyn Alaw) 228
Majority 365
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

CaeharrisEdit

Caeharris 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Edward Pritchard Martin* unopposed
Unionist hold Swing

CaerphillyEdit

Henry Anthony had been elected at a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of David Lewis to the aldermanic bench.

Caerphilly 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Henry Anthony* 733
Liberal Richard Hill Male 542
Majority 191
Liberal hold Swing

CoedffrancEdit

Coedffranc 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative J. Newell Moore* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

CoityEdit

Coity 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Howell unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

CowbridgeEdit

J.S. Gibbon had captured the seat for the Conservatives at a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of Thomas Rees to the aldermanic bench.

Cowbridge 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Gibbon* Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

CwmavonEdit

Cwmavon 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Evans 503
Liberal Rev. Daniel Evans 366
Majority 137
Liberal hold Swing

CyfarthfaEdit

Cyfarthfa 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab Thomas Thomas 856
Liberal Joseph Owen 310
Majority 546
Lib-Lab gain from Unionist Swing

CymmerEdit

At a by-election in 1889 following the elevation of Dr Henry Naunton Davies to the aldermanic bench, his brother, Dr Evan Naunton Davies had been elected. In 1892, Evan Naunton Davies did not seek re-election, leading to a contest between the Lib-Lab candidate, Moses Moses, and Idris Williams, a native of the Rhondda and a prominent if somewhat controversial figure in the public life of the valley. Moses thus became the Rhondda's first labour county councillor. He was supported at the election by the Porth Labour Committee, and ad hoc organisation which did not re-appear at subsequent elections.[7]

Cymmer 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab Moses Moses 485
Liberal Idris Williams 459
Majority 26
Lib-Lab hold Swing

Dinas PowysEdit

Dinas Powys 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Oliver Henry Jones* Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

DowlaisEdit

Dowlais 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Jenkins* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Dulais ValleyEdit

Dulais Valley 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Evan Evans Bevan* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

FerndaleEdit

Ferndale 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Morgan Thomas unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

GadlysEdit

Although Benjamin Evans, the so-called 'Bishop of Gadlys', had initially intended to contest the seat he withdrew in favour of David Morgan, miners' agent.[8] The two men became bitter rivals in later years.

Gadlys 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab David Morgan unopposed
Lib-Lab gain from Independent Swing

Garw ValleyEdit

The elected member was a miners' agent and ally of Mabon.

Garw Valley 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Thomas 469
Liberal Thomas Lewis 388
Majority 81
Liberal hold Swing

GellifaelogEdit

Gellifaelog 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Evan Lewis 470
Liberal Patrick Mansfield 209
Majority 261
Liberal hold Swing

GelligaerEdit

Gelligaer 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Henry William Martin unopposed
Independent hold Swing

GowerEdit

Gower 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frank Cory Yeo* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

HirwaunEdit

Morgan, returned at a by-election in 1889, was returned unopposed after rumours that he would be opposed by Owen Harris, a Trecynon tradesman involved in local politics, proved unfounded.[9]

Hirwaun 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rev Richard Morgan* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

KibborEdit

Kibbor 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Lewis* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

LlandaffEdit

Llandaff 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Forrest* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Llandeilo TalybontEdit

Rees Harries had been elected alderman in 1889 and Thomas Freeman, who served as Mayor of Swansea in 1889-90 was returned unopposed at the ensuing by-election. At one stage it was reported that Freeman would contest the seat at this election, possibly because of the uncertainty over whether sitting aldermen could stand.[10] However, Rees Harries decided to contest the seat and Freeman stood aside in his favour. Harries was not among the new aldermen elected by the Council.

Llandeilo Talybont 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rees Harries** unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

LlansamletEdit

Llansamlet 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Sims unoppposed
Liberal hold Swing

LlantrisantEdit

Llantrisant 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal J. Blandy Jenkins* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llantwit VardreEdit

This contest was regarded as the only instance in the county where a Liberal was ousted by a Conservative. Lindsay, although running as an Independent was regarded as a Conservative.

Llantwit Vardre 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Capt. Morgan Lindsay 403
Liberal Edward Edwards* 341
Majority 62
Liberal hold Swing

LlwydcoedEdit

Rhys, a prominent figure in the public life of Aberdare for decades and Chairman of the Local Board of Health, was returned unopposed. Although described as a Liberal he had in the past been associated with the Conservative Party and his return in 1889 had been regarded as a defeat for the local Liberal Association.

Llwydcoed 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rees Hopkin Rhys unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llwynypia and ClydachEdit

Llwynypia and Clydach 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Morris unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Lougher and PenderryEdit

Lougher and Penderry 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Rice Daniel unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

MaestegEdit

Maesteg 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Barrow unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

MargamEdit

Margam 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Pendarves Vivian 630
Liberal Llewellyn Howell 328
Majority 307
Liberal hold Swing

Merthyr TownEdit

Merthyr Town 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Frank James unopposed
Unionist hold Swing

Merthyr ValeEdit

Merthyr Vale 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Prosser 538
Liberal Walter Bell* 523
Majority 153
Liberal hold Swing

MorristonEdit

Morriston 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Williams unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Mountain AshEdit

Mountain Ash 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Gwilym Jones* 530
Liberal Hon. H. Campbell Bruce 178
Majority 352
Liberal hold Swing

Neath (North)Edit

Neath (North) 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Henry Rowland 499
Independent Liberal Edmund Law 318
Majority 181
Unionist hold Swing

Neath (South)Edit

John Arnold died, aged 49, shortly before the next election in 1895.[11]

Neath (South) 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Arnold 391
Independent W.B. Trick 362
Majority 29
Liberal hold Swing

NewcastleEdit

Newcastle 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas J. Hughes unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

OgmoreEdit

Ogmore 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Evan Evans* 414
Independent J.D. Nicholl 386
Majority 28
Liberal hold Swing

Ogmore ValleyEdit

Ogmore Valley 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Williams unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

OystermouthEdit

Oystermouth 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Sir John Jones Jenkins unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Penarth NorthEdit

This was regarded by the Liberals as one of the most significant contests, as David Morgan's personal popularity was expected to be a factor.[2]

Penarth North 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal W.B. Shepherd 307
Conservative David Morgan 224
Independent D. Cornwall 59
Majority 83
Liberal hold Swing

Penarth SouthEdit

The Liberal candidate, who was said to be popular among Conservatives as well as Liberals, had refused to stand as an Independent.[2]

Penarth South 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal J.P. Jones 302
Conservative Henry Oakdell Fisher* 210
Majority 92
Liberal hold Swing

PenrhiwceiberEdit

Penrhiwceiber 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Dr. R. W. Jones unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

PentreEdit

Morris, the sitting member and official Rhondda Labour and Liberal Association candidate in 1889, found himself at odds with the RLLA local committee which chose estate went Elias Henry Davies to oppose him.[12] The third Liberal candidate, Daniel Eynon, was a colliery manager.

Pentre 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Morris* 401
Liberal Elias Henry Davies 313
Liberal Daniel Eynon 292
Majority 88
Liberal hold Swing

PenydarrenEdit

Penydarren 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Davies* 584
Liberal Thomas Williams 415
Majority 169
Liberal hold Swing

PlymouthEdit

Plymouth 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Henry W.Lewis unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

PontardaweEdit

Pontardawe 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ernest Hall Hedley* 511
Liberal John Beynon 291
Majority 220
Liberal hold Swing

PontlottynEdit

Pontlottyn 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rev Aaron Davies** unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

PontypriddEdit

Pontypridd 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hopkin Smith Davies 752
Conservative W. Jones-Powell 632
Majority 120
Liberal hold Swing

Porth and PenygraigEdit

Morgan Williams. lodge secretary at Ynyshir Colliery, was supported at the election by the Porth Labour Committee, and ad hoc organisation which did not re-appear at subsequent elections.[7]

Porth and Penygraig 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab Morgan Williams 458
Conservative Thomas Jones 316
Majority 142
Lib-Lab hold Swing

ResolvenEdit

Resolven 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab Isaac Evans 752
Conservative J. Edwards Vaughan 471
Majority 181
Lib-Lab gain from Conservative Swing

SkettyEdit

Sketty 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Powell unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

TirdeunawEdit

Tirdeunaw 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir H. Hussey Vivian unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

TreforestEdit

The sitting councillor did not seek re-election and it was felt that the young Liberal candidate, 'Willie' Spickett faced a formidable opponent in the Chair of the Pontypridd Local Board of Health. Leyshon stood as an Independent but was regarded as a Conservative candidate.[2]

Treforest 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Spickett 576
Independent David Leyshon 534
Majority 42
Liberal hold Swing

TreherbertEdit

Treherbert 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab John Walters 669
Liberal Dr. Montague D. Makuna 220
Majority 449
Lib-Lab hold Swing

TreorchyEdit

Daronwy Isaac, miners' agent and ally of Mabon, stood as an unofficial candidate although he was President of the Rhondda Labour and Liberal Association.[12] His opponent, William Morris was minister of Noddfa, Treorchy and already active in local government as a member of the Ystradyfodwg School Board.

Treorchy 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab Daronwy Isaac 430
Liberal Rev William Morris 350
Majority 80
Lib-Lab hold Swing

Trealaw and TonypandyEdit

The contest was reported to have been conducted with bitterness and bad feeling. Mr. Williams's record on the Council is a very satisfac- tory one. and it would have been hard indeed not to return one who has been tried and not found wanting. At the same time we are sorry that the Councifshould be without the services of Mr. T. P. Jenkins, who for many years was the chairman of the Rhondda Liberal and Labour Association, the first labour magistrate in Wales, and a man of great business capacity. The conflict between two good Liberals was most unfortunate. especially since it has generated so much ill feeling, and it is unfortunate that Mr. Jenkins did not elect to stand for another constituency against a Tory candidate.[2]

Trealaw and Tonypandy 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Gwrtydd Williams* 456
Liberal T. Pascoe Jenkins 331
Majority 125
Liberal hold Swing

Tylorstown and YnyshirEdit

Tylorstown and Ynyshir 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal W.H. Mathias unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

YstalyferaEdit

Ystalyfera 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dr David Thomas* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

YstradEdit

Thomas, the retiring councillor, announced that he would not seek re-election but reversed his decision on learning that Cory would be the new candidate.[2]

 
Clifford Cory
Ystrad 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Clifford J. Cory 775
Lib-Lab David Thomas* 706
Majority 69
Liberal hold Swing

Election of AldermenEdit

In addition to the 66 councillors the council consisted of 22 county aldermen. Aldermen were elected by the council, and served a six-year term. Following the 1892, there were eleven Aldermanic vacancies.

At a meeting of the South Wales Liberal Federation in Cardiff, a decision was taken that only elected members be elected aldermen.[13] Even the Liberal journal, the South Wales Star thought that it was unfortunate that this ruling was made after the election when only three sitting aldermen had stood.[14]

Two of the three retiring aldermen who had contested the election were re-elected to the aldermanic bench, namely Aaron Davies and W.H. Mathias. Rees Harries was not re-elected. J.C. Meggitt consented to be elected an alderman in order to allow John Cory to return as councillor for Barry (see below).[5] The election of Moses Moses suggests that Liberal representatives on the County Council were more prepared than local leaders in the Rhondda to advance labour representatives.

The following aldermen were appointed by the newly elected council.[15]

  • David Price Davies, Liberal (elected councillor at Aberdare Town)
  • John Powell, Liberal (elected councillor at Sketty)
  • Sir Hussey Vivian MP, Liberal, elected councillor at Tirdeunaw
  • Herbert Evans, Liberal, elected councillor at Cwmavon
  • Rev Aaron Davies, Liberal, retiring alderman (elected Councillor at Pontlottyn)
  • Henry Anthony, Liberal (elected councillor at Caerphilly)
  • Moses Moses, Liberal-Labour (elected councillor at Cymmer)
  • John Williams, Liberal (elected councillor at Ogmore Valley)
  • W.H. Mathias, Liberal (elected councillor at Tylorstown and Ynyshir)
  • Gwilym Jones, Liberal, retiring alderman (elected councillor at Mountain Ash)
  • J.C. Meggitt, Liberal (elected councillor at Barry and Cadoxton)

By-electionsEdit

Aberdare Town by-electionEdit

In the Town Ward, Aberdare, following David Price Davies's election as alderman, the contest was said to have created an intense amount of enthusiasm and more excitement than has been known to an election in this parish for many years.

Aberdare Town by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Thomas 702
Liberal Griffith George 512
Liberal hold Swing

Barry and Cadoxton by-electionEdit

John Cory was returned unopposed following john Claxton Meggitt's reluctant elevation to the aldermanic bench to make way for him.[5]

Barry and Cadoxton by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Cory** unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Caerphilly by-electionEdit

Following Henry Anthony's election as alderman, Richard Hill-Male, who had opposed him at the recent election, was now chosen as the official nominee of the Liberal Association. However, David Lewis, elected as Liberal councillor in 1889 and whose aldermanic term had lapsed also chose to contest the seat, and a number of lively meetings took place.[16] On polling day, Hill-Male was returned with a comfortable majority.[17]

Caerphilly by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Hill Male 660
Independent Samuel Evans 346
Liberal David Lewis** 330
Majority 191
Liberal hold Swing

Cwmavon by-electionEdit

The by-election followed the election of Herbert Evans as alderman.[18]

Cwmavon by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Davies 444
Liberal Rev Daniel Evans 431
Majority 13
Liberal hold Swing

Cymmer by-electionEdit

Idris Williams, narrowly defeated at the recent election by Moses Moses. was returned unopposed after a stormy meeting at Bethania Chapel, Dinas, when only members of the Liberal Association (the so-called 'Three Hundred') were allowed to vote. Eventually, Williams, who was also narrowly defeated at the 1889 election, was unanimously selected.[19] Technically, the return of Williams represented a Liberal gain.

 
Idris Williams
Cymmer by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Idris Williams unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Mountain Ash by-electionEdit

Mountain Ash by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal
Liberal hold Swing

Ogmore Valley by-electionEdit

William Llewellyn, grocer, of Gwalia House, Tynewydd defeated William Jenkins, Ystradfechan, Treorchy, mining engineer at the Ocean Collieries.[18]

Ogmore Valley by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Llewellyn 543
Liberal William Jenkins 510
Majority 33
Liberal hold Swing

Pontlottyn by-electionEdit

Pontlottyn by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rev J.P. Williams unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Sketty by-electionEdit

Following the election of John Powell as alderman, Robert Armine Morris, a prominent figure in the municipal life of Swansea, and a member of a leading family in the industrial life of the district, won the seat for the Conservatives. The campaign included a public meeting addressed by both candidates.[20] Prominent local Liberals were alleged to have at least tacitly supported Morris.[18]

Sketty by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Armine Morris 454
Liberal W. Fred Richards 409
Liberal Francis Richard Crawshay 57
Majority 45
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Tirdeunaw by-electionEdit

Following the election of Sir H. Hussey Vivian, the chairman of the Council, as an alderman, two Liberal candidates contested the vacancy.[20] Thomas Freeman was a past Mayor of Swansea and a prominent figure in the public life of the town who had also served as councillor for Llandeilo Talybont on the first council. He was defeated by Llewellyn Davies who had unsuccessfully contested Margam against A.P. Vivian in 1889.

Tirdeunaw by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Llewellyn Davies 137
Liberal Thomas Freeman* 75
Majority 62
Liberal hold Swing

Tylorstown and Ynyshir by-electionEdit

The candidate was returned unopposed following a meeting of electors at Hermon, Pontygwaith.[16] This outcome appears to have been challenged by the supporters of a certain Mr Fenwick, and a further meeting was held at which Hughes was again chosen, by 80 votes against 67 for Fenwick.[21]

Tylorstown and Ynyshir by-election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rev J.D. Hughes unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "County Council Elections in South Wales". South Wales Daily News. 9 March 1892. p. 5. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "The County Council Elections". South Wales Star. 11 March 1892. Retrieved 10 February 2014. (Detail of the electorate in the contested seats is also provided.)
  3. ^ a b "Glamorganshire". Cardiff Times. 12 March 1892. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  4. ^ Williams. Democratic Rhondda. p. 47.
  5. ^ a b c d "Approaching County Council Election at Barry". South Wales Star. 18 March 1892. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Nominations". Glamorgan Gazette. 1 March 1895. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  7. ^ a b Williams. Democratic Rhondda. p. 57.
  8. ^ "Glamorgan County Council Elections. List of Candidates". Cambrian. 4 March 1892. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Y Cyngor Sirol a Mr Owen Harris, Grocer, Trecynon". Tarian y Gweithiwr. 14 January 1892. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  10. ^ "County Councils. Lists of Candidates in South Wales". Cardiff Times. 20 February 1892. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Death of Councillor Arnold, of Neath". South Wales Daily News. 26 February 1895. p. 6. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  12. ^ a b Williams. Democratic Rhondda. p. 50.
  13. ^ "Selection of Aldermen". South Wales Star. 18 March 1892. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Editorial". South Wales Star. 18 March 1892. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
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BibliographyEdit