1849 Costa Rican general election

General elections were held in Costa Rica between 2 and 9 December 1849.[1] They were the first presidential elections after the Reformed Constitution of 1848 created the title of "President". Previously the equivalent office was called "Head of State".

1849 Costa Rican general election

2–9 December 1849
Presidential election
← 1847
1853 →
Nominee Juan Rafael Mora Porras Rafael Moya Murillo Manuel Antonio Bonilla Nava
Electoral vote 49 32 9
Percentage 54.44% 35.56% 10.00%

President before election

Miguel Mora Porras

Elected President

Juan Rafael Mora Porras

The elections took place after a coup against José María Castro Madriz, who was forced to resign.[2] At that time, the vice president, Miguel Mora Porras, held the presidency temporarily and his brother, Juan Rafael Mora Porras, was elected over Rafael Moya Murillo and Manuel Antonio Bonilla Nava.[2]

Electoral system edit

The constitution in force in this period restricted the right to vote for men over 21 years old owners of an immovable property equivalent to 300 pesos and an annual income of at least 150 pesos who also knew how to read and write, so that these elections were carried out mostly among the bourgeoisie.[2]

The inhabitants chose 90 Electors who, in the second-grade elections, chose the president. San Jose chose 26, and Guanacaste 12 which voted in block for Mora, while the 17 from Heredia, the 12 from Alajuela and the 2 from Puntarenas did it for Moya. Cartago had 20 electors of which 11 voted for Mora and the remaining 9 who were the only ones who voted for Bonilla.[2]

Results edit

Juan Rafael Mora Porras4954.44
Rafael Moya Murillo3235.56
Manuel Antonio Bonilla Nava910.00
Source: TSE

References edit

  1. ^ "Historia de las elecciones presidenciales 1824–2014" (PDF). Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones de Costa Rica. 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Molina, Iván. "Elecciones y democracia en Costa Rica, 1885-1913" (PDF). European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. 70: 41–57. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-02. Retrieved 2018-12-20.