1825 Georgia gubernatorial election

The 1825 Georgia gubernatorial election was held on October 3, 1825, to elect the governor of Georgia. It was the first popular election for governor in Georgia's history following its adoption by the Georgia General Assembly a year prior.[1][2]

1825 Georgia gubernatorial election

← 1823 October 3, 1825 1827 →
Nominee George Troup John Clark
Party Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican
Alliance Troup Party Clark Party
Popular vote 20,665 20,002
Percentage 50.82% 49.18%

Results by County[1]
Troup:      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%      80–90%      >90%
Clark:      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%      80–90%
Creek and Cherokee territory:      

Governor before election

George Troup

Elected Governor

George Troup

The election was between two long-time political rivals, then-Governor George Troup (Democratic-Republican and later Jacksonian Democrat)[3] and independence war hero John Clark (Democratic-Republican).[2][4] Ultimately, Troup emerged victorious by a narrow margin in the election, thanks in part by the recent signing of the Treaty of Indian Springs.[5]

Background edit

The first political divisions in the state fell along the lines of personal support for outstanding leaders in their struggle for power. Many of these factions were usually held together through personal friendships and family associations. The two factions at the time were the Clark faction, followers of Ex-Governor John Clark, and the Troup faction, followers of incumbent Governor George Troup.[2]

A year before the election, the Georgia General Assembly had adopted a popular election for governor. Originally, the governor had been chosen from members of the General Assembly, which had been unicameral at the time. Following the split of the General Assembly into two houses in 1789, the governor was chosen by the Senate from among three members selected by the Assembly. In 1795, the process was changed to a joint vote by the General Assembly.[1]

The Clark party, which supposedly represented the common-man, had taken credit for the change to the popular vote. On the other hand, the Troup party accepted it as a challenge to show that they were not deserving of being labeled aristocratic.[2][4]

Election edit

During the election, Clark garnered much of his support from North Carolina immigrants and those residing on the frontier, whereas Troup enjoyed backing from the more urbanized and well-established areas of Georgia, as well as from Virginia immigrants.[2][4] Troup's re-election can be attributed to the efforts of his friends and his clashes with federal officials over the issue of Creek removal.[2]

Results edit

1825 Georgia gubernatorial election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic-Republican George Troup 20,550 50.9
Democratic-Republican John Clark 19,862 49.1
Total votes 40,412 100
Results for Rabun County (Not included in the official returns)[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic-Republican George Troup 115 45.1
Democratic-Republican John Clark 140 54.9
Total votes 225 100

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e Dubin, Michael J. (2003). United States Gubernatorial Elections, 1776 1860: The Official Results By State And County. McFarland. p. 29. ISBN 9780786414390.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Murray, Paul. "Party Organization in Georgia Politics 1825-1853". The Georgia Historical Quarterly. 29 (4): 195 – via JSTOR.
  3. ^ "George Troup". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  4. ^ a b c "John Clark". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  5. ^ Green, Michael D. (1985). The Politics of Indian Removal: Creek Government and Society in Crisis. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 96–97. ISBN 9780803270152.