17 Crateris is a wide binary star[8] system in the equatorial constellation of Hydra, located 90.5 light years away from the Sun. It is visible to the naked eye as a faint, yellow-white hued star with a combined apparent visual magnitude of 4.93.[3] The system is traversing the celestial sphere with a relative proper motion of 24.9 mas/y,[9] and is moving away from the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of +5.8 km/s.[4]

17 Crateris
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Hydra
17 Crt A
Right ascension 11h 32m 16.40436s[1]
Declination −29° 15′ 39.6740″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.64[2]
17 Crt B
Right ascension 11h 32m 16.03998s[1]
Declination −29° 15′ 47.8935″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.76[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type F8V + F8V[2]
B−V color index 0.540±0.004[3]
Astrometry
17 Crt A
Radial velocity (Rv)+5.8±0.4[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −19.601[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +144.524[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)36.0601 ± 0.1266 mas[1]
Distance90.4 ± 0.3 ly
(27.73 ± 0.10 pc)
17 Crt B
Proper motion (μ) RA: −22.025[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +139.982[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)35.9838 ± 0.1320 mas[1]
Distance90.6 ± 0.3 ly
(27.8 ± 0.1 pc)
Details[5]
17 Crt A
Mass1.20 M
Luminosity3.2 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.17 cgs
Temperature6,240 K
Metallicity [Fe/H]0.04±0.15[6] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)10.0 km/s
Age3.95 Gyr
17 Crt B
Mass1.18 M
Luminosity2.8 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.20 cgs
Temperature6,269 K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)9.6 km/s
Age3.67 Gyr
Other designations
17 Crt, CD−28°8928, HIP 56280, ADS 8202, CCDM J11323-2916AB, WDS J11323-2916[7]
17 Crt A: HD 100287, HR 4444, SAO 179968
17 Crt B: HD 100286, HR 4443, SAO 179967
Database references
SIMBADdata

The dual nature of this system was discovered by W. Herschel in 1783, when they showed an angular separation of 9.8. As of 2015, the two components of this system had a separation of 9.60 along a position angle of 210°.[10] This is equivalent to a projected separation of 241.3 AU; wide enough that, thus far, their orbital track appears linear.[9] They are nearly identical F-type main-sequence stars with a stellar classification of F8V.[2] The primary is slightly brighter at magnitude 5.64, while the secondary is magnitude 5.76.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051.
  2. ^ a b c d e Gray, R. O.; et al. (2001), "The Physical Basis of Luminosity Classification in the Late A-, F-, and Early G-Type Stars. I. Precise Spectral Types for 372 Stars", The Astronomical Journal, 121 (4): 2148, Bibcode:2001AJ....121.2148G, doi:10.1086/319956.
  3. ^ a b Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015, S2CID 119257644.
  4. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (November 2006), "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35495 Hipparcos stars in a common system", Astronomy Letters, 32 (11): 759–771, arXiv:1606.08053, Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G, doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065, S2CID 119231169.
  5. ^ Luck, R. Earle (January 2017), "Abundances in the Local Region II: F, G, and K Dwarfs and Subgiants", The Astronomical Journal, 153 (1): 19, arXiv:1611.02897, Bibcode:2017AJ....153...21L, doi:10.3847/1538-3881/153/1/21, S2CID 119511744, 21.
  6. ^ Gáspár, András; et al. (2016), "The Correlation between Metallicity and Debris Disk Mass", The Astrophysical Journal, 826 (2): 171, arXiv:1604.07403, Bibcode:2016ApJ...826..171G, doi:10.3847/0004-637x/826/2/171, S2CID 119241004.
  7. ^ "17 Crt". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  8. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x, S2CID 14878976.
  9. ^ a b Tokovinin, A.; Kiyaeva, O. (February 2016), "Eccentricity distribution of wide binaries", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 456 (2): 2070−2079, arXiv:1512.00278, Bibcode:2016MNRAS.456.2070T, doi:10.1093/mnras/stv2825.
  10. ^ Mason, B. D.; et al. (2014), The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, Bibcode:2001AJ....122.3466M, doi:10.1086/323920, retrieved 2015-07-22.