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1781 Van Biesbroeck, provisional designation A906 UB, is a dynamical Vestian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8.5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 17 October 1906, by German astronomer August Kopff at Heidelberg Observatory in southern Germany.[6] It was named after astronomer George Van Biesbroeck.[2]

1781 Van Biesbroeck
Discovery [1]
Discovered byA. Kopff
Discovery siteHeidelberg Obs.
Discovery date17 October 1906
Designations
MPC designation(1781) Van Biesbroeck
Named after
George Van Biesbroeck
(astronomer)[2]
A906 UB · 1954 SZ
1958 VP · 1969 TM2
main-belt · Vestian[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc110.55 yr (40,377 days)
Aphelion2.6541 AU
Perihelion2.1355 AU
2.3948 AU
Eccentricity0.1083
3.71 yr (1,354 days)
330.79°
0° 15m 57.24s / day
Inclination6.9497°
44.630°
342.83°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions8.500±0.126[4]
9 km (estimate at 0.20)[5]
0.203±0.023[4]
XS [3]
12.75[3] · 12.8[1]

Orbit and classificationEdit

Van Biesbroeck orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.1–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 9 months (1,354 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.11 and an inclination of 7° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] It is not known whether the member of the Vesta family of asteroids is in fact a V/J-type, or if it is an unrelated interloper, as currently assumed to be more likely.[3] The asteroid's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation, as no precoveries were taken, and no previous identifications were made.[6]

Physical characteristicsEdit

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Van Biesbroeck measures 8.5 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo of 0.203.[4] A generic absolute magnitude-to-diameter conversion gives an inferred diameter between 8 and 14 kilometers, assuming an albedo in the range of 0.05 to 0.25 for an absolute magnitude of 12.8.[5] As of 2017, Van Biesbroeck's composition, rotation period and shape remain unknown.[1][7]

NamingEdit

This minor planet was named after renowned Belgian–born observational astronomer George Van Biesbroeck, who naturalized as U.S. citizens in 1922. He specialized in the observation of double stars, variable stars, comets and asteroids, of which he discovered sixteen at the U.S. Yerkes Observatory in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, between 1922 and 1939.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 1 January 1974 (M.P.C. 3569).[8]

In 1961, he published the Van Biesbroeck's star catalog of low-mass, low-luminosity stars. The mountain Van Biesbroeck near the McDonald Observatory, the lunar crater Van Biesbroeck, and most notably the red dwarf Van Biesbroeck's Star, were also named in his honour. (There are very few stars named after people). The George Van Biesbroeck Prize, awarded by the American Astronomical Society for achievements in astronomy, also bears his name.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1781 Van Biesbroeck (A906 UB)" (2017-05-04 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1781) van Biesbroeck". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1781) Van Biesbroeck. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 142. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1782. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d Moskovitz, Nicholas A. (2008). "The Distribution of Basaltic Asteroids in the Main Belt". Icarus. 198 (1): 77–90. arXiv:0807.3951. Bibcode:2008Icar..198...77M. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2008.07.006.
  4. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Absolute Magnitude (H)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b "1781 Van Biesbroeck (A906 UB)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  7. ^ "LCDB Data for (1781) Van Biesbroeck". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  8. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. "Appendix – Publication Dates of the MPCs". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – Addendum to Fifth Edition (2006–2008). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 221. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-01965-4. ISBN 978-3-642-01964-7.

External linksEdit