1743 in Canada

Events from the year 1743 in Canada.

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Historical documentsEdit

Montreal merchant sells five enslaved Black people (2 men, 3 "women and girls") in Quebec City for 3,000 livres[1]

Ordinance refers to 445,000-livre construction expense for Montreal wall, with part of 115,500 livres paid by city returned by king[2]

Any war declared against France need not involve Acadians and Indigenous people, "if they are wise" (Note: "savages" used)[3]

Nova Scotia president Mascarene points out dangers of having potentially insurgent population, far too few soldiers and poor defences in case of war[4]

Council hears "Indians [have] no Intention to take or Pillage the Traders," but orders all to "even by force[...]Prevent all Such Robberys"[5]

Council orders priests (and their parishioners) to get its prior consent to enter Nova Scotia, and not "behave themselves Irregularly"[6]

Mascarene satisfied with all but one priest and says "if everyone aims at the same End We may prevent trouble from approaching Us"[7]

Visitor to Onondaga describes town and its situation, longhouse, and "comical fellow" with mask, staff and rattle[8]

Sixteen-year-old James Wolfe marches "in the greatest Spirits [and] shall be very well able to hold it out with a Little help of a Horse"[9]


  1. ^ "Sale of five Black slaves, Québec, 25 September 1743" (translation), Archives nationales du Québec. Accessed 22 September 2021
  2. ^ "Ordinance relative to the fortifications of Montréal, 1 May 1743" (translation), Archives nationales du Québec. Accessed 22 September 2021
  3. ^ "Govr. Mascarene to Alexander Bourg" (October 21, 1743), Nova Scotia Documents; Acadian French, pgs. 126-7. Accessed 22 September 2021
  4. ^ "Governor Mascarene to Secretary of State" (excerpt; December 1, 1743), Nova Scotia Documents; Acadian French, pgs. 128-30. (See elaboration of these deficiencies) Accessed 22 September 2021
  5. ^ "At a Council held by order of the Honble Paul Mascarene Esqre Presidt(....)" (October 10, 1743), Nova Scotia Archives; Minutes of H.M. Council, 1736-1749, pgs. 40-1. Accessed 22 September 2021
  6. ^ "Collection of Orders(...)in Relation to The Missionary Romish Priests" ("as by Minute of Council," March 1, 1743), Nova Scotia Documents; Acadian French, pgs. 124-5. Accessed 22 September 2021
  7. ^ "Gov. Mascarene to M. Goudalie, Priest" (November 14, 1743), Nova Scotia Documents; Acadian French, pgs. 127-8. Accessed 22 September 2021
  8. ^ "We alighted at the council house(...)" Observations[...]Made by Mr. John Bartram, in his Travels from Pensilvania to Onondago, Oswego and the Lake Ontario[...] (1751), pgs. 40-4 (entry of July 21, 1743). Accessed 21 September 2021
  9. ^ Letter of James Wolfe (February 12, 1743), General Wolfe's Letters to His Parents. Accessed 23 September 2021 https://collections.library.utoronto.ca/view/wolfe:F7025 (swipe to F7025_0029_L006_02)