1196 Sheba, provisional designation 1931 KE, is a metallic asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 25 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 21 May 1931 by astronomer Cyril Jackson at Johannesburg Observatory, South Africa.[5]

1196 Sheba
Discovery [1]
Discovered byC. Jackson
Discovery siteJohannesburg Obs.
Discovery date21 May 1931
MPC designation(1196) Sheba
Named after
Queen of Sheba
(Biblical figure)[2]
1931 KE · A912 BB
main-belt · (middle)[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc105.12 yr (38,396 days)
Aphelion3.1303 AU
Perihelion2.1806 AU
2.6554 AU
4.33 yr (1,581 days)
0° 13m 40.08s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions25.274±0.443 km[4]
6.319 h[3]
SMASS = X[1] · X[3]
10.26 (IRAS:19)[1]

Sheba is a metallic X-type asteroid and orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.2–3.1 AU once every 4 years and 4 months (1,581 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.18 and an inclination of 18° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] It was first identified as A912 BB at Heidelberg Observatory in 1912. The body's observation arc, however, begins at Johannesburg, four months after its official discovery observation.[5]

This minor planet was named after the biblical Queen of Sheba, who visited King Solomon. Naming citation was first published by Paul Herget in The Names of the Minor Planets in 1955 (H 111).[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1196 Sheba (1931 KE)" (2017-03-04 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1196) Sheba". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1196) Sheba. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 100. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1197. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c "LCDB Data for (1196) Sheba". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; Cabrera, M. S. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  5. ^ a b "1196 Sheba (1931 KE)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 March 2017.

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