1192 Prisma, provisional designation 1931 FE, is an elongated Phocaea asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by German astronomer Friedrich Schwassmann at the Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg on 17 March 1931.[12] The asteroid was named after the Bergedorf Spectral Catalogue, an astronomical catalog.[2]

1192 Prisma
001192-asteroid shape model (1192) Prisma.png
Modelled shape of Prisma from its lightcurve
Discovered byA. Schwassmann
Discovery siteBergedorf Obs.
Discovery date17 March 1931
(1192) Prisma
Named after
Bergedorf Spectral Catalogue
(astronomical catalog)[2]
1931 FE
main-belt · (inner)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc85.77 yr (31,328 days)
Aphelion2.9762 AU
Perihelion1.7561 AU
2.3661 AU
3.64 yr (1,329 days)
0° 16m 14.88s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions7.22 km (calculated)[3]
7.377±0.193 km[5]
9.27±0.25 km[6]
6.546±0.0170 h[7]
6.558 h[8]
6.55836±0.00005 h[9][10]
0.23 (assumed)[3]
12.497±0.008 (R)[7] · 12.87±0.47[11] · 12.92[1][3][5][6]

Classification and orbitEdit

Prisma is a member of the Phocaea family (701), a prominent family of S-type asteroids with their largest members being 25 Phocaea and 587 Hypsipyle. There are many Mars-crossers among this family of relatively eccentric inner main-belt asteroids .[13]

The asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.8–3.0 AU once every 3 years and 8 months (1,329 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.26 and an inclination of 24° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins at Bergedorf, one week after its official discovery observation.[12]

Physical characteristicsEdit

Rotation, shape and poleEdit

Photometric observations of Prisma gave a well defined rotational lightcurve with a period between 6.546 and 6.558 hours and a high brightness variation of 0.85–1.16 magnitude, which strongly indicates that the body has an elongated, non-spheroidal shape (U=3/3).[7][8]

A modeled lightcurve based on optical data from a large collaboration network also found a spin axis of (133.0°, −78.0°) in ecliptic coordinates (λ, β) (Q=n.a.).[9][10]

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite, and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Prisma measures between 7.38 and 9.27 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.144 and 0.220.[5][6] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo of 0.23 and calculates a diameter of 7.22 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 12.92.[3]


This minor planet was named "Prisma" (prism) in honour of the Bergedorf Spectral Catalogue (German: Bergedorfer Spektralkatalog), as prisms are one method of obtaining spectra.[2] The official naming citation was also published in Paul Herget's The Names of the Minor Planets in 1955 (H 111).[2]


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1192 Prisma (1931 FE)" (2016-12-25 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1192) Prisma". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1192) Prisma. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 100. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1193. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1192) Prisma". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Asteroid 1192 Prisma – Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0". Small Bodies Data Ferret. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. (online, AcuA catalog p. 153)
  7. ^ a b c Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry". The Astronomical Journal. 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041. Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  8. ^ a b Binzel, R. P.; Mulholland, J. D. (December 1983). "A photoelectric lightcurve survey of small main belt asteroids". Icarus. 56 (3): 519–533. Bibcode:1983Icar...56..519B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(83)90170-7. ISSN 0019-1035. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b Hanus, J.; Broz, M.; Durech, J.; Warner, B. D.; Brinsfield, J.; Durkee, R.; et al. (November 2013). "An anisotropic distribution of spin vectors in asteroid families". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 559: 19. arXiv:1309.4296. Bibcode:2013A&A...559A.134H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201321993. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  10. ^ a b Hanus, J.; Durech, J.; Oszkiewicz, D. A.; Behrend, R.; Carry, B.; Delbo, M.; et al. (February 2016). "New and updated convex shape models of asteroids based on optical data from a large collaboration network". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 586: 24. arXiv:1510.07422. Bibcode:2016A&A...586A.108H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527441.
  11. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  12. ^ a b "1192 Prisma (1931 FE)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  13. ^ Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families. Asteroids IV. pp. 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. ISBN 9780816532131.

External linksEdit