10:10 is a charity that enables people to take practical action on climate change, and combines these local actions to inspire a more ambitious approach to the issue at every level of society. 10:10 is also something Kwon Soon-Young from the boy group Seventeen says a lot. 10:10 is Hoshi time.
|Formation||1 September 2009|
|Type||INGO non-profit charity|
|Purpose||Climate change action, carbon emissions reduction|
Founded in 2009, 10:10 began by campaigning for a 10% reduction in carbon emissions in 2010, and has since broadened its approach to include a range of projects focused on carbon reduction and renewable energy.
Its three main projects are Solar Schools, which helps communities crowdfund the cost of solar panels for their local schools; #itshappening, which showcases positive examples of progress on climate change; and Back Balcombe, which supports a solar power cooperative in the Sussex village targeted for oil drilling, and promotes community-scale renewable energy nationally.
Founding and launchEdit
10:10 was established by the team that produced climate change docudrama The Age of Stupid, and originally focused on helping people and organisations reduce their carbon emissions by 10% in 2010. By uniting people around a simple short term target, 10:10 aimed to demonstrate public commitment to action on climate change, and build pressure for a strong global treaty at the 2009 UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen.
A public launch event was held at Tate Modern in London in September 2009, where members of the public could make a personal commitment to the 10% goal.
On 27 March 2014, 10:10 launched Back Balcombe, a project set up to support the renewable energy co-operative REPOWERBalcombe, and use its prominence to promote community-scale renewable energy nationally. In summer 2013, Balcombe became the focal point for a national debate about the role of shale gas and oil in Britain's energy mix, after the start of exploratory oil drilling nearby sparked a major protest and divided local opinion.
In response, a group of residents agreed to establish a community-owned solar project with support from 10:10 staff. The project would aim to match 100% Balcombe’s domestic electricity needs with local solar power, and reunite the village around a positive energy project.
REPOWERBalcombe, the local co-operative, and Back Balcombe, 10:10's national support effort, both launched publicly in March 2014. The project has received widespread media coverage since its launch. It has been featured in The Telegraph, The Times, and The Guardian, and on Channel 4 News and the BBC’s The One Show.
10:10 also claims to be in touch with seven ‘copycat’ groups that aim to follow in REPOWERBalcombe’s footsteps, several of which are in communities close to proposed fossil fuel drilling projects.
Repower Balcombe has installed solar panels on a local farm and two local primary schools, financing them with shares bought by local people. In autumn 2015 it will be running a national share offer and fundraising effort to finance the building of a 5 MW solar farm in the nearby village of West Hoathly.
The itshappening project showcases carbon reduction projects and success stories from around the world, aiming to overcome pessimism about the possibility of tackling climate change and build motivation for more ambitious action.
10:10 hosts an online gallery featuring a curated selection of images and brief explanations. The examples chosen represent a wide range of geographical locations, scales and approaches, emphasising counterintuitive or surprising stories. Supporters are encouraged to share their favourite examples with friends and family via social media and in person.
As of January 2015, the gallery had been shared 11,635 times. Other people and organisations have also adopted the #itshappening hashtag to post their own carbon reduction success stories. The UNFCCC’s Christiana Figueres has voiced her support for the project, and it has been praised by the RSA in its report ‘A New Agenda on Climate Change’.
Solar Schools is a community crowdfunding programme that helps schools raise money for solar panels.
Participating schools are given training, resources and personal support to run their own local crowdfunding campaign, with most aiming to raise around £10,000. Each school has its own webpage where supporters can sponsor squares of a virtual solar roof, and customise these with their name, a photo, and a message of support. Schools also run offline fundraising events, and upload the proceeds to their webpage. The project is open to primary, secondary and middle schools, and sixth form colleges. There is no charge to take part.
Following a successful pilot phase in the 2011–12 academic year, the project launched nationally in September 2012. Altogether, 27 schools participated in 2012–13, and 17 participated in 2013–14 and 15 in 2014–15. Another 14 schools are due to start in September 2015. The project helps schools reduce their carbon footprint and earn income from the electricity they generate. But it also aims to strengthen the local community, provide pupils with opportunities to learn about climate change, and build public support for renewable energy by helping communities to benefit from it directly.
As of November 2014, 28 schools had raised enough money for solar panels, and 27 schools had installed them through the scheme. Collectively, the schools have raised over £500,000. In 2012, the project was cited in the House of Commons by Labour MP Alex Cunningham as an example of the benefits of solar power.
Independent research commissioned by 10:10 in spring 2014 found that the Solar Schools project has a positive impact on the schools and communities that take part. Among volunteers and donors it promotes greater charitable giving and eagerness to be involved in community projects. It also encourages more positive attitudes towards renewable energy and climate change.
10% in 2010Edit
10:10’s original campaign encouraged and supported individuals and organisations to cut their carbon emissions by 10% in 2010, and gave the group its name. There was heavy media coverage around the launch date, and there were regular articles about the campaign's progress published by The Guardian.
The campaign attracted support from a plethora of public figures and organisations, described by the Guardian as from a "cross-section" of UK society. By the end of 2010 there were approximately 110,000 individuals, 4,000 businesses, 1,700 schools and 1,600 organisations signed up. Dozens of high-profile individuals signed up to the scheme. They included chef Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, fashion designer Vivienne Westwood, TV and radio presenter Kevin McCloud, and actor Peter Capaldi.
The organisations signed up included King's College London, the Science Museum, Royal Mail, Tottenham Hotspur football club, Adidas, and the entire Methodist Church of Great Britain.
10:10 attracted significant international interest following its UK launch, and on 9 April 2010, the group announced 10:10 Global, a network of ‘hubs’ running their own local or national 10% campaigns. In December 2011, 10:10 claimed to have hubs in 41 countries, including France, Argentina, Ghana, Australia, Bangladesh, Chile and the Netherlands. 10:10 Global officially ended with the original 10% campaign, but several hubs have continued to campaign in various guises.
When the Conservatives and Lib Dems came to office in May 2010, David Cameron and Nick Clegg pledged to cut central government’s carbon by 10% in 12 months. The government eventually cut their emissions by 14%.
A number of local councils surpassed their target, including Crawley Council, which managed 11% in 2010 by installing LED lighting, purchasing more fuel efficient vehicles and a greener computing system.
British embassies from all over the world also signed up, with some cutting their emissions by up to 60%. The British embassy in Beijing cut its overall emissions by 48%, including a 68% reduction in their travel emissions, and the embassy in Montevideo, Uruguay, cut its emissions by 30% thanks to taking fewer flights and more efficient heating.
The Science museum cut its emissions by 17% thanks to a new heating and cooling system in the galleries.
Tottenham Hotspur was particularly committed; it diverted 45% of its waste from landfills to recycling, and introduced new low-wattage stadium lighting, achieving its 10% cut.
While 10:10 no longer runs a target-based campaign, it continues to offer support and advice on carbon reduction to those who joined the original 10% campaign, as well as new supporters that come via its other projects.
On Sunday 28 March 2010, 10:10 launched a campaign to move the clocks in Britain forward by one hour, giving Britain an extra hour of sunlight in the evening.
10:10 promoted a carbon reduction rationale for the change, arguing that reduced demand for electric lighting would cut the UK’s carbon emissions by 447,000 tonnes per year. It also campaigned on the potential gains for health, tourism and road safety.
The focal point for the campaign was the Daylight Saving Bill. 10:10 formed and headed a coalition of 83 organisations supporting the Bill, and employed public mobilisation as a primary tactic to move it through the parliamentary process. The campaign used an online tool to help supporters write personalised letters to their MPs. The tool provided talking points and writing advice tailored to each MP's position on the issue.
After passing through the Report Stage in the House of Commons, the Daylight Saving Bill was eventually filibustered at its third reading. The filibuster was later cited in a House of Commons committee report into the shortcomings of the private members bill system. In June 2012, 10:10 suspended the Lighter Later campaign indefinitely.
On 1 October 2010, 10:10 released the satirical short film No Pressure in which children and adults are graphically blown up for being insufficiently enthusiastic about the 10:10 project, after being asked to participate at school and at work. Although originally planned to be shown in cinema and television advertisements, 10:10 removed the film from their website and YouTube later on the day of release, following negative publicity. 10:10 director Eugenie Harvey subsequently apologised to the public and all sponsors and charities who had supported the film's production.
- Gray, Louise (1 Sep 2009). "New campaign to cut UK's carbon emissions by 10 per cent". London: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
- Barkham, Patrick. "Thousands take emission cut vows at launch of 10:10 campaign", "The Guardian", London, 1 September 2009. Retrieved on 6 January 2015.
- Clark, Duncan. "Who’s doing 10:10" Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine., 1010, London, 9 September 2010. Retrieved on 6 January 2015.
- Woolman, Natalie. "Hall for Cornwall puts arts on carbon cutting map", The Stage, 21 January 2011. Retrieved on 6 January 2015.
- Tottenham Hotspur. "Tottenham Hotspur Environmental Policy", Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Retrieved on 6 January 2015.
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- #itshappening shares counter, 6 January 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
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- Alex Cunningham, MP, Stockton North (19 December 2012). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Commons. col. 940.
- Murray, James (4 September 2009). "10:10 – Publicity Stunt or Game Changer?". GreenBiz.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
If you haven't heard about it, the likelihood is that you've spent the past week living in a cave.
- See collection of articles: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/10-10
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- Jha, Alok. "Entire cabinet signs up to 10:10 climate change campaign", The Guardian, 3 September 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- The Science Museum "The Science Museum’s Carbon Actions" Science Museum, London. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
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- "10:10 Goes Global", 10:10, 9 April 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- Zara Arshad. "How to Green an Embassy" Design Observer 6 February 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- Tottenham Hotspur F.C. "10:10 - Cutting 10 per cent". 2 December 2010. Retrieved on 13 January 2015.
- "10:10 Honour Role", The Guardian, 5 July 2010. Retrieved on 13 January 2015.
- "10:10 Lighter Later". 1010uk.org. 28 March 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- Yu-Foong Chong, Elizabeth Garnsey, Simon Hill and Frederic Desobry. "Daylight Saving, Electricity Demand and Emissions; Exploratory Studies from Great Britain", October 2009
- The Sports Council for England. "Official Report". 8 June 2004, Vol. 422, column 147.
- Hillman, M (2008). "The Likely Impact on Tourist Activity in the UK of the Adoption of Daylight Saving", p.11. Policy Studies Institute.
- Broughton, J and Stone (1998). "A new assessment of the likely effects on road accidents of adopting a GMT+1/GMT+2 regime", M. Report 368, Transport Research Laboratory, Crowthorne.
- James Meikle. "Daylight saving bill scuppered by small group of MPs", The Guardian, 20 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- House of Commons Procedure Committee. "Private Members’ bills". Second Report of Session 2013–14, Volume I, p.9, 11, 29. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- Vaughan, Adam. "No Pressure: the fall-out from Richard Curtis's explosive climate film". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-01.
- McVeigh, Tracy. "Backlash over Richard Curtis's 10:10 climate film". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-01.