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1034 Mozartia, provisional designation 1924 SS, is a stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 7 September 1924, by Soviet Vladimir Albitsky at Simeiz Observatory on the Crimean peninsula, and named after Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.[2][4]

1034 Mozartia
Discovery [1]
Discovered by V. Albitzkij
Discovery site Simeiz Obs.
Discovery date 7 September 1924
Designations
MPC designation (1034) Mozartia
Named after
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(Austrian composer)[2]
1924 SS · 1971 DD2
1999 DK7
main-belt · (inner)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 92.74 yr (33,873 days)
Aphelion 2.8959 AU
Perihelion 1.6899 AU
2.2929 AU
Eccentricity 0.2630
3.47 yr (1,268 days)
303.07°
0° 17m 2.04s / day
Inclination 3.9709°
304.50°
18.807°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 7.919±0.047 km[3]
0.250±0.030[3]
SMASS = S[1]
12.1[1]

Contents

Orbit and classificationEdit

Mozartia orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.7–2.9 AU once every 3 years and 6 months (1,268 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.26 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation in 1924.[4]

Physical characteristicsEdit

In the SMASS classification, Mozartia is a common S-type asteroid.[1]

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Mozartia measures 7.919 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.250.[3]

LightcurvesEdit

As of 2017, no rotational lightcurve of Mozartia has been obtained. The body's rotation period and shape remain unknown.[1][5]

NamingEdit

This minor planet was named after the influential Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791).[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 837).[6]

ExplorationEdit

In 1956, after several inspections, a group of eight people tried to inhabit it. Although the climate and living conditions were favorable, the slowness of time was too unbearable for the inhabitants and they decided to abandon the planet without dismantling the building they had constructed (it still remains in perfect condition).

The time in Mozartia has been exactly 10:34 for 61 years. Currently it is difficult to determine if and when this time will change. As of November 2017, it is possible to visit the planet again. Virtually, Mozartia still permits isolation from common routines by stopping the flow of time, escaping for as long as is desirable, even forever.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1034 Mozartia (1924 SS)" (2017-06-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1034) Mozartia. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 89. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645 . Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "1034 Mozartia (1924 SS)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "LCDB Data for (1034) Mozartia". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 

External linksEdit