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(434326) 2004 JG6

(434326) 2004 JG6, provisional designation 2004 JG6 is an eccentric, sub-kilometer sized asteroid, classified as near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Atira group, which is also known as "Apohele" and "interior-Earth objects". It is one of the closest orbiting objects to the Sun.[3][4]

(434326) 2004 JG6
Discovery [1][2]
Discovered byLONEOS
Discovery siteAnderson Mesa Stn.
Discovery date11 May 2004
Designations
MPC designation(434326) 2004 JG6
2004 JG6
Atira · NEO · PHA[1][2]
Mercury-crosser
Venus-crosser
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 1
Observation arc11.05 yr (4,035 days)
Aphelion0.9726 AU
Perihelion0.2978 AU
0.6352 AU
Eccentricity0.5312
0.51 yr (185 days)
315.54°
1° 56m 48.48s / day
Inclination18.945°
37.032°
352.99°
Earth MOID0.0381 AU · 14.8 LD
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
0.6–1.4 km[3]
18.4[1]

DiscoveryEdit

2004 JG6 was discovered on 11 May 2004, by leading astronomer Brian Skiff[4] of the Lowell Observatory Near-Earth Object Search (LONEOS) at Anderson Mesa Station near Flagstaff, Arizona, United States.[2]

The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Anderson Mesa, as no precoveries were taken and no prior identifications were made.[2]

Orbit and classificationEdit

It orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.3–1.0 AU once every 6 months (185 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.53 and an inclination of 19° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

2004 JG6 is the second known Atira asteroid – the first being the group's namesake 163693 Atira – which means its entire orbit lies within that of the Earth.[4] Its orbital period is less than that of Venus, making it one of the closest known objects to the Sun, after Mercury. Due to its eccentric orbit, it crosses the orbits of both Mercury and Venus, which also makes it a Mercury- and Venus-crosser.[1] It has an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of 0.0381 AU (5,700,000 km) which translates into 14.8 lunar distances.[1]

Physical characteristicsEdit

Based on a generic conversion from absolute magnitude, the asteroid measures between 0.6 and 1.4 kilometers in diameter.[3]

NamingEdit

As of 2017, this minor planet remains unnamed.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 434326 (2004 JG6)" (2015-05-29 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e "434326 (2004 JG6)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "434326 (2004 JG6)". NEODyS-2, Near Earth Objects – Dynamic Site. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "LONEOS Discovers Asteroid with the Smallest Orbit". Space Daily. 12 July 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2017.

External linksEdit