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Braille pattern dots-12456

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6-dot braille cells

The Braille pattern dots-12456 ( ) is a 6-dot braille cell with both top, both middle, and the bottom right dots raised, or an 8-dot braille cell with both top, both upper-middle, and the lower-middle right dots raised. It is represented by the Unicode code point U+283b, and in Braille ASCII with a closing bracket: ].

Character ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456)
Unicode name BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-12456
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 10299 U+283B
UTF-8 226 160 187 E2 A0 BB
Numeric character reference ⠻ ⠻
Braille ASCII 93 5D

Unified BrailleEdit

In unified international braille, the braille pattern dots-12456 is used to represent coronal or dorsal flaps, trills, or approximant consonants such as /r/, /ɹ/, /ɽ/, or /ʀ/ when multiple letters correspond to these values, and is otherwise assigned as needed.[1]

Table of unified braille valuesEdit

French Braille Ï, mathematical 7
English Braille er
German Braille er
Bharati Braille ड़ / ੜ / ড় / ଡ଼ / ఱ / ಱ / റ / ற / ඈ / ڑ ‎[2]
Icelandic Braille Ú
IPA Braille /ð/
Slovak Braille / (slash)
Thai Braille ng
Luxembourgish Braille 7 (seven)

[1]

Other brailleEdit

Japanese Braille se / せ / セ [1]
Korean Braille yeong / 영 [1]
Mainland Chinese Braille wan, -uan [1]
Taiwanese Braille wan, -uan / ㄨㄢ
Two-Cell Chinese Braille -ái, 还 hái
Nemeth Braille cancel (close), termination indicator [3]
Gardner Salinas Braille 7 [4]
Algerian Braille ـْ ‎ (sukūn)[1]

Plus dots 7 and 8Edit

Related to Braille pattern dots-12456 are Braille patterns 124567, 124568, and 1245678, which are used in 8-dot braille systems, such as Gardner-Salinas and Luxembourgish Braille.

Character      
Unicode name BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-124567 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-124568 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-1245678
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 10363 U+287B 10427 U+28BB 10491 U+28FB
UTF-8 226 161 187 E2 A1 BB 226 162 187 E2 A2 BB 226 163 187 E2 A3 BB
Numeric character reference ⡻ ⡻ ⢻ ⢻ ⣻ ⣻
dots 124567 dots 124568 dots 1245678
Gardner Salinas Braille [4]

related 8-dot kantenji patternsEdit

In the Japanese kantenji braille, the standard 8-dot Braille patterns 23568, 123568, 234568, and 1234568 are the patterns related to Braille pattern dots-12456, since the two additional dots of kantenji patterns 012456, 124567, and 0124567 are placed above the base 6-dot cell, instead of below, as in standard 8-dot braille.

Character        
Unicode name BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-23568 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-123568 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-234568 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-1234568
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 10422 U+28B6 10423 U+28B7 10430 U+28BE 10431 U+28BF
UTF-8 226 162 182 E2 A2 B6 226 162 183 E2 A2 B7 226 162 190 E2 A2 BE 226 162 191 E2 A2 BF
Numeric character reference ⢶ ⢶ ⢷ ⢷ ⢾ ⢾ ⢿ ⢿

Kantenji using braille patterns 23568, 123568, 234568, or 1234568Edit

This listing includes kantenji using Braille pattern dots-12456 for all 6349 kanji found in JIS C 6226-1978.

Variants and thematic compoundsEdit

  •    - selector 4 + せ/食 = 毛
  •    - せ/食 + selector 1 = 鳥
  •    - せ/食 + selector 2 = 魚
  •    - せ/食 + selector 3 = 酉
  •    - せ/食 + selector 4 = 酸
  •    - せ/食 + selector 6 = 酋
  •    - 数 + せ/食 = 千
  •    - し/巿 + せ/食 = 青

Compounds of 食Edit

  •    - ん/止 + せ/食 = 飲
    •     - ん/止 + ん/止 + せ/食 = 飮
  •    - せ/食 + む/車 = 蝕
  •    - せ/食 + 龸 = 飢
  •    - せ/食 + ん/止 = 飯
  •    - せ/食 + な/亻 = 飴
  •    - せ/食 + 仁/亻 = 飼
  •    - せ/食 + も/門 = 飽
  •    - せ/食 + ふ/女 = 飾
  •    - せ/食 + と/戸 = 餅
    •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + と/戸 = 餠
  •    - せ/食 + え/訁 = 餌
  •    - せ/食 + ゑ/訁 = 餐
  •    - せ/食 + 囗 = 餓
  •    - せ/食 + ら/月 = 館
  •    - せ/食 + ゐ/幺 = 饗
  •     - れ/口 + せ/食 + せ/食 = 喰
  •     - れ/口 + せ/食 + せ/食 = 喰
  •     - せ/食 + 比 + ふ/女 = 飩
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + け/犬 = 飫
  •     - ぬ/力 + 宿 + せ/食 = 飭
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ち/竹 = 餃
  •     - せ/食 + 囗 + こ/子 = 餉
  •     - せ/食 + ふ/女 + 龸 = 餒
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + ほ/方 = 餔
  •     - せ/食 + く/艹 + ほ/方 = 餝
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + 囗 = 餞
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ぬ/力 = 餡
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + 火 = 餤
  •     - せ/食 + selector 6 + ら/月 = 餬
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + う/宀/#3 = 餮
  •     - せ/食 + お/頁 + に/氵 = 餽
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + ら/月 = 餾
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ⺼ = 饂
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + ま/石 = 饅
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + き/木 = 饉
  •     - せ/食 + を/貝 + き/木 = 饋
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + こ/子 = 饌
  •     - せ/食 + る/忄 + selector 1 = 饐
  •     - せ/食 + ゐ/幺 + 囗 = 饑
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + つ/土 = 饒
  •     - せ/食 + れ/口 + す/発 = 饕

Compounds of 毛Edit

  •    - と/戸 + せ/食 = 尾
    •     - き/木 + と/戸 + せ/食 = 梶
  •    - ほ/方 + せ/食 = 毟
  •    - 龸 + せ/食 = 毫
  •    - き/木 + せ/食 = 耗
  •     - ほ/方 + selector 4 + せ/食 = 旄
  •     - せ/食 + selector 4 + せ/食 = 毳
  •     - 囗 + selector 4 + せ/食 = 氈
  •     - か/金 + selector 4 + せ/食 = 瓱
  •     - と/戸 + selector 4 + せ/食 = 耄
  •     - ま/石 + selector 4 + せ/食 = 麾

Compounds of 鳥Edit

  •    - 心 + せ/食 = 蔦
  •    - お/頁 + せ/食 = 鳩
  •    - 囗 + せ/食 = 鳴
  •    - も/門 + せ/食 = 鴎
  •    - こ/子 + せ/食 = 鴨
  •    - 火 + せ/食 = 鴬
  •    - ら/月 + せ/食 = 鵬
  •    - た/⽥ + せ/食 = 鵯
  •    - ゐ/幺 + せ/食 = 鶏
    •     - ゐ/幺 + ゐ/幺 + せ/食 = 鷄
  •    - 比 + せ/食 = 鶴
  •    - 仁/亻 + せ/食 = 鷲
  •    - み/耳 + せ/食 = 鷺
  •    - せ/食 + や/疒 = 島
    •     - て/扌 + せ/食 + や/疒 = 搗
    •     - き/木 + せ/食 + や/疒 = 槝
  •    - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 = 烏
    •     - れ/口 + せ/食 + う/宀/#3 = 嗚
    •     - つ/土 + せ/食 + う/宀/#3 = 塢
  •     - や/疒 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 嶋
  •     - き/木 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 樢
  •     - selector 4 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 鳫
  •     - 宿 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 鳬
  •     - ひ/辶 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 鶫
  •     - め/目 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 鷆
  •     - よ/广 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 鷸
  •     - 龸 + せ/食 + selector 1 = 鷽
  •     - や/疒 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 嶌
  •     - き/木 + 宿 + せ/食 = 梟
  •     - 龸 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 鳧
  •     - な/亻 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鳰
  •     - む/車 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鳳
  •     - と/戸 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鳶
  •     - て/扌 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴃
  •     - 氷/氵 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴆
  •     - ろ/十 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鴇
  •     - よ/广 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鴈
  •     - め/目 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴉
  •     - ろ/十 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴒
  •     - ひ/辶 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鴕
  •     - さ/阝 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴛
  •     - ん/止 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴟
  •     - れ/口 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鴣
  •     - お/頁 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴦
  •     - う/宀/#3 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴪
  •     - た/⽥ + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴫
  •     - に/氵 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鴻
  •     - む/車 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鴾
  •     - り/分 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鴿
  •     - ち/竹 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵁
  •     - ゆ/彳 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鵄
  •     - ゆ/彳 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 鵆
  •     - み/耳 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鵈
  •     - ふ/女 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵐
  •     - ら/月 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵑
  •     - を/貝 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鵙
  •     - ゆ/彳 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵜
  •     - 囗 + selector 1 + せ/食 = 鵝
  •     - 囗 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵞
  •     - く/艹 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵠
  •     - 囗 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鵡
  •     - 囗 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 鵤
  •     - ね/示 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵲
  •     - 龸 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鵺
  •     - ひ/辶 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 鶇
  •     - 龸 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶉
  •     - け/犬 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鶚
  •     - 宿 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶤
  •     - よ/广 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 鶩
  •     - 火 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶯
  •     - こ/子 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶲
  •     - ひ/辶 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶸
  •     - 仁/亻 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶺
  •     - か/金 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鶻
  •     - り/分 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鷁
  •     - か/金 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鷂
  •     - め/目 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鷏
  •     - と/戸 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鷓
  •     - つ/土 + 龸 + せ/食 = 鷙
  •     - い/糹/#2 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鷦
  •     - の/禾 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鷭
  •     - ろ/十 + う/宀/#3 + せ/食 = 鷯
  •     - よ/广 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鷹
  •     - を/貝 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鸚
  •     - け/犬 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鸛
  •     - え/訁 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鸞

Compounds of 魚Edit

  •    - せ/食 + 氷/氵 = 漁
  •    - せ/食 + 日 = 魯
  •    - せ/食 + つ/土 = 鮭
  •    - せ/食 + そ/馬 = 鮮
    •     - や/疒 + せ/食 + そ/馬 = 癬
    •     - 心 + せ/食 + そ/馬 = 蘚
  •    - せ/食 + り/分 = 鯉
  •    - せ/食 + た/⽥ = 鯛
  •    - せ/食 + れ/口 = 鯨
  •    - せ/食 + け/犬 = 鰐
  •    - せ/食 + の/禾 = 鱗
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ほ/方 = 魴
  •     - せ/食 + り/分 + か/金 = 鮃
  •     - せ/食 + れ/口 + と/戸 = 鮎
  •     - せ/食 + も/門 + selector 2 = 鮑
  •     - せ/食 + な/亻 + し/巿 = 鮒
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + さ/阝 = 鮓
  •     - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + ま/石 = 鮖
  •     - せ/食 + す/発 + selector 1 = 鮗
  •     - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + ふ/女 = 鮟
  •     - せ/食 + く/艹 + さ/阝 = 鮠
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + に/氵 = 鮨
  •     - せ/食 + ろ/十 + ら/月 = 鮪
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + ち/竹 = 鮫
  •     - せ/食 + な/亻 + き/木 = 鮴
  •     - せ/食 + そ/馬 + ⺼ = 鮹
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + ゐ/幺 = 鯀
  •     - せ/食 + selector 6 + ほ/方 = 鯆
  •     - せ/食 + 氷/氵 + ほ/方 = 鯊
  •     - せ/食 + の/禾 + ぬ/力 = 鯏
  •     - せ/食 + め/目 + し/巿 = 鯑
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + つ/土 = 鯒
  •     - せ/食 + ら/月 + た/⽥ = 鯔
  •     - せ/食 + selector 4 + 火 = 鯡
  •     - せ/食 + こ/子 + 宿 = 鯢
  •     - せ/食 + 日 + 数 = 鯣
  •     - せ/食 + 日 + 比 = 鯤
  •     - せ/食 + り/分 + 心 = 鯰
  •     - せ/食 + す/発 + selector 3 = 鯱
  •     - せ/食 + ほ/方 + 龸 = 鯲
  •     - せ/食 + selector 1 + う/宀/#3 = 鯵
  •     - せ/食 + け/犬 + 日 = 鰆
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + よ/广 = 鰈
  •     - せ/食 + 日 + へ/⺩ = 鰉
  •     - せ/食 + 比 + ひ/辶 = 鰊
  •     - せ/食 + の/禾 + 火 = 鰍
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + す/発 = 鰒
  •     - せ/食 + た/⽥ + 心 = 鰓
  •     - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + の/禾 = 鰕
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + ⺼ = 鰛
  •     - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + ら/月 = 鰡
  •     - せ/食 + し/巿 + ら/月 = 鰤
  •     - せ/食 + ⺼ + そ/馬 = 鰥
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + と/戸 = 鰭
  •     - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + ⺼ = 鰮
  •     - せ/食 + ゆ/彳 + ゆ/彳 = 鰯
  •     - せ/食 + ね/示 + し/巿 = 鰰
  •     - せ/食 + selector 3 + ほ/方 = 鰲
  •     - せ/食 + つ/土 + す/発 = 鰹
  •     - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + う/宀/#3 = 鰺
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ま/石 = 鰻
  •     - せ/食 + に/氵 + ね/示 = 鰾
  •     - せ/食 + ま/石 + ろ/十 = 鱆
  •     - せ/食 + よ/广 + ゆ/彳 = 鱇
  •     - せ/食 + つ/土 + 囗 = 鱚
  •     - せ/食 + り/分 + え/訁 = 鱠
  •     - せ/食 + た/⽥ + と/戸 = 鱧
  •     - せ/食 + そ/馬 + や/疒 = 鱶
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + た/⽥ = 鱸

Compounds of 酉Edit

  •    - せ/食 + き/木 = 配
  •    - せ/食 + に/氵 = 酒
  •    - せ/食 + ろ/十 = 酔
    •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + ろ/十 = 醉
  •    - せ/食 + さ/阝 = 酢
  •    - せ/食 + す/発 = 酪
  •    - せ/食 + か/金 = 酬
  •    - せ/食 + こ/子 = 酵
  •    - せ/食 + く/艹 = 酷
  •    - せ/食 + お/頁 = 醜
  •    - せ/食 + み/耳 = 醸
    •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + み/耳 = 釀
  •     - ひ/辶 + せ/食 + selector 3 = 逎
  •     - せ/食 + 数 + て/扌 = 酊
  •     - せ/食 + 比 + も/門 = 酌
  •     - せ/食 + 比 + し/巿 = 酎
  •     - せ/食 + 氷/氵 + 龸 = 酖
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + の/禾 = 酘
  •     - せ/食 + selector 4 + る/忄 = 酣
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + の/禾 = 酥
  •     - せ/食 + ほ/方 + れ/口 = 酩
  •     - せ/食 + れ/口 + へ/⺩ = 酲
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ゐ/幺 = 酳
  •     - せ/食 + き/木 + き/木 = 醂
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + こ/子 = 醇
  •     - せ/食 + 日 + ね/示 = 醋
  •     - せ/食 + 日 + よ/广 = 醍
  •     - せ/食 + れ/口 + ろ/十 = 醐
  •     - せ/食 + 日 + い/糹/#2 = 醒
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + す/発 = 醗
  •     - せ/食 + 比 + 数 = 醢
  •     - せ/食 + へ/⺩ + selector 2 = 醤
  •     - せ/食 + む/車 + selector 2 = 醪
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + く/艹 = 醯
  •     - せ/食 + 龸 + た/⽥ = 醴
  •     - せ/食 + す/発 + そ/馬 = 醵
  •     - せ/食 + く/艹 + 火 = 醺
  •     - せ/食 + 囗 + り/分 = 釁

Compounds of 酋Edit

  •    - け/犬 + せ/食 = 猶
    •     - 心 + け/犬 + せ/食 = 蕕
  •    - せ/食 + し/巿 = 尊
    •     - つ/土 + せ/食 + し/巿 = 墫
    •     - み/耳 + せ/食 + し/巿 = 蹲
    •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + し/巿 = 鱒
  •    - ひ/辶 + せ/食 = 遵
  •     - 心 + せ/食 + selector 6 = 楢
  •     - ひ/辶 + せ/食 + selector 6 = 遒
  •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + selector 6 = 鰌
  •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + selector 6 = 鰌
  •     - せ/食 + 比 + け/犬 = 奠
  •     - せ/食 + 宿 + け/犬 = 猷
  •     - み/耳 + 宿 + せ/食 = 躑

Compounds of 千Edit

  •    - れ/口 + せ/食 = 舌
    •    - え/訁 + せ/食 = 話
    •    - に/氵 + せ/食 = 活
      •     - も/門 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 闊
      •     - も/門 + に/氵 + せ/食 = 濶
    •    - せ/食 + を/貝 = 乱
      •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + を/貝 = 亂
    •    - せ/食 + 心 = 憩
      •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + 心 = 憇
    •    - せ/食 + る/忄 = 甜
    •    - せ/食 + ま/石 = 辞
      •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + ま/石 = 辭
    •     - ぬ/力 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 刮
    •     - る/忄 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 恬
    •     - み/耳 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 聒
    •     - ん/止 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 舐
    •     - む/車 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 蛞
    •     - か/金 + れ/口 + せ/食 = 銛
    •    - り/分 + せ/食 = 舎
      •     - り/分 + り/分 + せ/食 = 舍
        •     - せ/食 + 宿 + ら/月 = 舘
      •    - て/扌 + せ/食 = 捨
  •     - な/亻 + 数 + せ/食 = 仟
  •     - ぬ/力 + 数 + せ/食 = 刋
  •     - ま/石 + 数 + せ/食 = 竏
  •     - さ/阝 + 数 + せ/食 = 阡

Compounds of 青Edit

  •    - る/忄 + せ/食 = 情
  •    - 日 + せ/食 = 晴
  •    - 氷/氵 + せ/食 = 清
  •    - の/禾 + せ/食 = 精
  •    - ゑ/訁 + せ/食 = 請
  •    - か/金 + せ/食 = 錆
  •    - ま/石 + せ/食 = 靖
  •    - せ/食 + 宿 = 静
    •     - に/氵 + せ/食 + 宿 = 瀞
    •     - せ/食 + せ/食 + 宿 = 靜
  •     - な/亻 + し/巿 + せ/食 = 倩
  •     - け/犬 + し/巿 + せ/食 = 猜
  •     - め/目 + し/巿 + せ/食 = 睛
  •     - 心 + し/巿 + せ/食 = 菁
  •     - む/車 + し/巿 + せ/食 = 蜻
  •     - せ/食 + し/巿 + せ/食 = 鯖

Other compoundsEdit

  •    - よ/广 + せ/食 = 席
    •     - く/艹 + よ/广 + せ/食 = 蓆
  •    - め/目 + せ/食 = 眉
    •     - や/疒 + め/目 + せ/食 = 嵋
  •    - い/糹/#2 + せ/食 = 繕
  •    - ゆ/彳 + せ/食 = 衡
  •    - さ/阝 + せ/食 = 隆
    •     - や/疒 + さ/阝 + せ/食 = 嶐
    •     - う/宀/#3 + さ/阝 + せ/食 = 窿
  •    - ち/竹 + せ/食 = 雪
    •     - ⺼ + ち/竹 + せ/食 = 膤
    •     - ふ/女 + ち/竹 + せ/食 = 艝
    •     - む/車 + ち/竹 + せ/食 = 轌
    •     - せ/食 + ち/竹 + せ/食 = 鱈
  •    - せ/食 + ぬ/力 = 制
    •    - せ/食 + て/扌 = 掣
    •    - せ/食 + ね/示 = 製
  •    - せ/食 + い/糹/#2 = 生
    •     - ゆ/彳 + せ/食 + い/糹/#2 = 徃
    •     - ほ/方 + せ/食 + い/糹/#2 = 旌
    •     - な/亻 + せ/食 + い/糹/#2 = 甦
    •     - ち/竹 + せ/食 + い/糹/#2 = 笙
  •    - せ/食 + ひ/辶 = 成
    •    - せ/食 + ⺼ = 盛
    •     - 日 + せ/食 + ひ/辶 = 晟
    •     - ち/竹 + せ/食 + ひ/辶 = 筬
    •     - せ/食 + ひ/辶 + ふ/女 = 鰄
    •     - せ/食 + ひ/辶 + selector 3 = 鰔
  •     - せ/食 + た/⽥ + ぬ/力 = 甥
  •     - つ/土 + 宿 + せ/食 = 燕
    •     - れ/口 + 宿 + せ/食 = 嚥
  •     - せ/食 + ん/止 + の/禾 = 囓
  •     - な/亻 + 宿 + せ/食 = 雁
  •     - や/疒 + 宿 + せ/食 = 雉

[5][6][7][8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "World Braille Usage". UNESCO. Retrieved 2012-04-19..
  2. ^ "Introduction to Bharati Braille". Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  3. ^ "Nemeth Braille (Mathematics Braille)". Archived from the original on 2012-04-21. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
  4. ^ a b "Index of Topics in Braille Section". Oregon State University Science Access Project Braille topics. Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
  5. ^ "ロービジョン相談と光学". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  6. ^ "盲人と文字 -漢点字の世界". Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  7. ^ "漢点字". Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  8. ^ "漢点字入門" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.