Ǝ ǝ
Ǝ ǝ

Ǝ ǝ or Turned E is an additional letter of the Latin alphabet used in African languages using the Pan-Nigerian alphabet or the African reference alphabet. The minuscule is based on a rotated e and the capital form majuscule Ǝ, based on a rotated majuscule E.

It is not to be confused with U+2203 THERE EXISTS, the existential quantifier used in logic, or with U+0259 ə LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA (uppercase Ə), which is used as a phonetic symbol and as a letter in languages of the Caucasus (such as Azerbaijani).

The additional letter was used in the name of American rapper Eminem, which is styled as EMINƎM since The Real Slim Shady was released on April 18, 2000, and other albums such as Kamikaze in 2018 and Music to Be Murdered By in 2020.

Unicode encodingsEdit

Character information
Preview Ǝ ǝ
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED E LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED E
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 398 U+018E 477 U+01DD
UTF-8 198 142 C6 8E 199 157 C7 9D
Numeric character reference Ǝ Ǝ ǝ ǝ

In MacOS with the U.S. Extended keyboard, the letters Ǝ ǝ are made with Option-Shift-: followed by E e respectively.