Łąka Prudnicka

Łąka Prudnicka [ˈwɔnka prudˈnit͡ska] (German: Gräflich Wiese, Silesian: Prudnickŏ Łōnka) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Prudnik, within Prudnik County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland, close to the Czech border.[1] It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) west of Prudnik and 49 km (30 mi) south-west of the regional capital Opole.

Łąka Prudnicka
Village
Catholic church
Catholic church
Coat of arms of Łąka Prudnicka
Łąka Prudnicka is located in Poland
Łąka Prudnicka
Łąka Prudnicka
Coordinates: 50°18′40″N 17°31′38″E / 50.31111°N 17.52722°E / 50.31111; 17.52722
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyPrudnik
GminaPrudnik
Highest elevation
290 m (950 ft)
Lowest elevation
265 m (869 ft)
Population
1,270
Websitelakaprudnicka.org

The village has a population of 1,270.

GeographyEdit

Łąka Prudnicka is located in the historic Silesia (Upper Silesia) region at the Złoty Potok river. The village is situated on the border of Opawskie Mountains and the Silesian Lowlands.

HistoryEdit

 
Castle in Łąka Prudnicka (Schloss Wiese) in 18th century
 
1903 flood

Łąka Prudnicka was founded as a Waldhufendorf in the second half of the 13th century and settled by German colonists.[2] It was first mentioned in 1481.[3]

After the First Silesian War in 1742, Łąka Prudnicka along with most of Silesia was taken over by Prussia.

After the reorganization of the province of Silesia, the rural community of Łąka Prudnicka belonged to the Landkreis Neustadt O.S. from 1816 onwards, in the Regierungsbezirk Oppeln. According to Johann Georg Knie, in 1845 there was a castle, an advanced work, two hereditary village leaders, a brewery, a distillery, a Protestant school, a Catholic school and 244 houses in the village. In the same year, 1670 people lived in Łąka Prudnicka, of which 310 were Protestants and 4 were Jewish.[4] In 1855, 1,707 people lived in Łąka Prudnicka. In 1865 there were 54 farmers, 21 gardeners and 12 cottagers as well as a brewery, a distillery, two schools, two water mills and five bars. The Catholic residents belonged to the parish in Moszczanka, the Protestant residents belonged to the parish in Prudnik. The Catholic school was attended by 240 students in 1865, while the Protestant school had 104 students.[5] In 1874 the administrative district of Łąka Prudnicka (Landgemeinden Wiese Gräflich) was founded, which consisted of the rural communities of Łąka Prudnicka and the manor district of Łąka Prudnicka. The first head of office was the landowner Herrmann von Choltitz.[6] In 1885, Łąka Prudnicka had 2025 inhabitants.[7]

In 1903, a flood destroyed some parts of the village.[8] In 1933 there were 2,226 people in Łąka Prudnicka and 2,105 in 1939. Until 1945 the village belonged to the Landkreis Neustadt O.S.[9]

After the end of World War II, the village came under Polish administration and was renamed Łąka Prudnicka. It joined the Śląsko-Dąbrowskie Voivodeship. Since 1950 the place is in Opole Voivodeship, and since 1999 it's in Prudnik County.

MonumentsEdit

 
Castle

The following monuments are listed by the Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa.[10]

  • kaplica przydrożna, z XIX w.
    • wayside shrine from the 19th century
  • zamek, z XV w.
    • castle from the 15th century
  • park

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Kuhn, Walter (1954). Siedlungsgeschichte Oberschlesiens. Würzburg: Oberschlesischer Heimatverlag. p. 66.
  3. ^ "Sołectwa - Urząd Miejski w Prudniku". prudnik.pl. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  4. ^ Knie, Johann G. (1845). Alphabetisch-statistisch-topographische Uebersicht der Dörfer, Flecken, Städte und andern Orte der Königl. preuss. Provinz Schlesien: nebst beigefügter Nachweisung von der Eintheilung des Landes (in German). Grass, Barth. p. 742.
  5. ^ Triest, Felix (1865). Topographisches Handbuch von Oberschlesien: Zur Auftrage der Königlichen Regierung und nach amtlichen Quellen herausgegeben (in German). W. G. Korn. p. 1054.
  6. ^ "Territorial Amtsbezirk Wiese gräflich/Gräflich Wiese". www.territorial.de. Retrieved 2021-05-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Kreis Neustadt O.S. – AGOFF" (in German). Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  8. ^ "1903 - Powódź, Łąka Prudnicka - polska-org.pl". polska-org.pl. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  9. ^ "Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Schlesien, Kreis Neustadt". treemagic.org. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  10. ^ "Rejestr zabytków nieruchomych woj. opolskiego" (PDF). Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa. Retrieved 2 May 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)


Coordinates: 50°18′40″N 17°31′38″E / 50.31111°N 17.52722°E / 50.31111; 17.52722